- Edgar Morin
Edgar Morin is a French
philosopherand sociologistwho was born in Parison July 8, 1921under the original name Edgar Nahoum. He is of Judeo-Spanish ( Sefardi) origin. He is known for the transdisciplinarityof his works, in that he covers a wide range of interests and dismisses the conventional boundaries between academic disciplines.
As a boy, Morin enjoyed reading, cinema, aviation and cycling. He began his work in philosophy with a study of diverse types of illustration of the 17th century. He first became tied to
socialismin connection with the Popular Front and the Spanish Republican Government during the Spanish Civil War. When the Germans invaded France in 1940, Morin fled to Toulouse, where he assisted refugees and committed himself to Marxist socialism. He took part in the French Resistanceand joined the Communist Partyin 1941, when the Party was being persecuted by the Gestapo. He participated in the liberation of Paris in August 1944. The following year, he married Violette Chapellaubeau and they lived in Landau, where Morin served as a Lieutenant in the French Occupation army in Germany.
In 1946, he returned to Paris and gave up his military career to pursue his activities with the Communist party. Due to his critical posture, his relationship with the party gradually deteriorated until he was expelled in 1951 after he published an article in "
Le Nouvel Observateur" (then known as "France-observateur"). In the same year, he was admitted to the National Center of Scientific Investigation (CNRS) on the recommendation of several intellectuals.
On joining the CNRS, Morin entered the field of
social anthropologyin the area of cinematography, exploring surrealism, though he still had not abandoned socialism. He shared ideas with Franco Fortini, Roberto Guiducci, Herbert Marcuse, and other philosophers. He founded and directed the magazine "Arguments" (1954-1962). During the same period he was active in protesting the French involvement in the Algerian War of Independence. In 1959 his book "Autocritique" was published.
In 1960, Morin travelled extensively in Latin America, visiting
Brazil, Chile, Bolivia, Peruand Mexico. The indigenous and Afro-Brazilian cultures made a strong impression on him. He returned to France where he published "L'Esprit du Temps".
Beginning in 1965, Morin became involved in a large multidisciplinary project, financed by the Délégation Générale à la Recherche Scientifique et Technologique (DGRST) in Plozevet. He spent 1965 doing investigation (along with his collaboraters) while living in a rustic cabin in Poulhan. Two years later, when the results were released, Morin was labeled a heretic by the DGRST due to the transdisciplinary nature of the work. This contributed to his increasing aversion to the academic world of Paris, and he spent more and more time working outside the city.
In 1968, Morin replaced
Henri Lefebvreat the . He became involved in the student revolts that began to emerge in France. In May 1968, he wrote a series of articles for Le Mondethat tried to understand what he called "The Student Commune." He followed the student revolt closely and wrote a second series of articles in Le Monde called "The Revolution without a Face," as well as co-authoring "Mai 68: La brèche" with Cornelius Castoriadisand Claude Lefort.
In 1969, Morin spent a year at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies in
La Jolla, California. While at the institute, he became familiar with the revolution in geneticsinitiated by the discovery of DNA, which contributed to his views on cybernetics, information theory and a theory of systems.
In 1983, he published "De la nature de l’URSS," which deepened his analysis of Soviet communism and anticipated the
Perestroikaof Mikhail Gorbachev.
In 2002, Morin participated in the creation of the International Ethical, Scientific and Political Collegium.
Morin's epistemological work can be seen as "revolutionary" because of his attempt to reconsider the relation-triangle: ideology-politics-science through what he calls "
complexity". The "complex" being here not the opposite of simple but a "method" which "respects the mystery" of the universe knowing that "the simple is just, always, something simplified" by someone.This titanic effort can be discovered in his six volume masterwork "La Méthode," not merely a scientific project but also a complex message from the heart of the 20th century.
According to Alfonso Montuori (in "Edgar Morin: A partial introduction", see below) "The 5 volume Method is perhaps Morin’s culminating work, a remarkable and seemingly inexhaustible treasure trove of insights, reflection, and a real manual for those who are interested in broadening the nature of human inquiry. Drawing on
cybernetics, information theory, systems theory, but also integrating all the work he has done before, from the work on imagination in his research on movies to his profound reflections on death, Method integrates Morin’s journey and provides the reader with an alternative to the traditional assumptions and method of inquiry of our time.".
* 1951, "L’Homme et la mort"
* 1957, "Les Stars"
* 1969, "La Rumeur d’Orléans"
* "La Méthode" (6 volumes)
** 1977, "La Nature de la nature"
** 1980, "La Vie de la vie"
** 1986, "La Connaissance de la connaissance"
** 1991, "Les Idées"
** 2001, "L’Humanité de l’humanité"
** 2004, "L'Éthique complexe"
* 1970, "Journal de Californie"
* 1973, "Le paradigme perdu: la nature humaine
* 1981, "Pour sortir du siècle XX"
* 1982, "Science avec conscience"
* 1983, "De la nature de l’URSS"
*1990, "Introduction à la pensée complexe"
* 1993, "Terre-patrie"
* 1994, "Mes démons"
* 1994, "La Complexité humaine"
* 1997, "Comprendre la complexité dans les organisations de soins"
* 1999, "L’Intelligence de la complexité"
* 1999, "Relier les connaissances"
* 1999, "La Tête bien faite"
* 2000, "Les Sept savoirs nécessaires à l'éducation du futur"
* 2001, "Journal de Plozévet, Bretagne"
* 2002, "Pour une politique de civilisation"
* 2002, "Dialogue sur la connaissance. Entretiens avec des lycéens"
* 2003, "La Violence du monde"
* 2003, "Éduquer pour l’ère planétaire, la pensée complexe comme méthode d’apprentissage dans l’erreur et l’incertitude humaine"
* 2003, "Les Enfants du ciel: entre vide, lumière, matière"
* 2004, "Pour Entrer dans le siècle XXI"
* 2005, [http://www.worldscibooks.com/chaos/etextbook/6372/6372_chap01.pdf "Restricted complexity, general complexity"]
Holism in science
* [http://www.unibg.it/morin/en Babel, a bibliographic website about Edgar Morin's works (in English, French and Italian)]
* [http://www.edgarmorin.org/ www.edgarmorin.org a web site about Edgar Morin in Spanish]
* [http://www.ciis.edu/faculty/articles/montuori/Morin_Montuori.pdf Article "Edgar Morin: A partial introduction" by A. Montuori, California Institute of Integral Studies]
* [http://direland.typepad.com/direland/2005/07/the_persecution.html The Persecution of Edgar Morin] by Doug Ireland
* [http://portal.unesco.org/en/ev.php-URL_ID=18178&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html An interview and short biography on Unesco's web site]
* [http://www.diplomatie.gouv.fr/label_france/ENGLISH/IDEES/MORIN/morin.html An interview and biography on France foreign ministry's web site]
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Edgar Morin — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Edgar Morin Edgar Morin (en el foro Libération, 2008) … Wikipedia Español
Edgar Morin — Edgar Morin, 2008 Edgar Morin (ursprünglicher Name Edgar Nahoum; * 8. Juli 1921 in Paris, Frankreich) ist ein französischer Philosoph. Er war Direktor des Forschungszentrums Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS) … Deutsch Wikipedia
Edgar Morin — Edgar Morin: Filósofo y político francés de origen judeo español (sefardí), nacido en París el 8 de junio de 1921, su nombre anterior era Edgar Nahum … Enciclopedia Universal
Edgar Morin — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Morin. Edgar Morin … Wikipédia en Français
Edgar Morin, un penseur planétaire — est un film français réalisé par Jeanne Mascolo de Filippis sur la vie du sociologue Edgar Morin, sorti au cinéma et en DVD en 2007. Synopsis Ce film retrace la vie d Edgar Morin, voyageur infatigable qui va à la rencontre du monde pour alimenter … Wikipédia en Français
Centre Edgar Morin — 48°52′41.75″N 2°19′38.35″E / 48.8782639, 2.3273194 … Wikipédia en Français
Centre Edgar-Morin — 48°52′41.75″N 2°19′38.35″E / 48.8782639, 2.3273194 … Wikipédia en Français
La Méthode (Edgar Morin) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Méthode. La Méthode est l œuvre majeure d Edgar Morin. Cette somme est constituée de six volumes, que l on pourrait qualifier d encyclopédique : la méthode y est déroulée de façon cyclique, pour ne pas dire… … Wikipédia en Français
Edgar Nahoum — Edgar Morin (ursprünglicher Name Edgar Nahoum; * 21. Juli 1921 in Paris, Frankreich) ist ein französischer Philosoph. Er war Direktor des Forschungszentrums Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS). Leben Morin studierte an der… … Deutsch Wikipedia
MORIN, EDGAR — (1921– ), sociologist and one of France s leading contemporary thinkers. He was born in Paris to a family of Salonikan origin. His parents were Vidal and Luna Nahum. He adopted the name Morin during the period of his clandestine activities in… … Encyclopedia of Judaism