Apidae


Apidae

Taxobox
name = Apidae


image_width = 200px
image_caption = Carpenter bee "Xylocopa micans" on "Vitex" sp.
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Arthropoda
classis = Insecta
ordo = Hymenoptera
subordo = Apocrita
superfamilia = Apoidea
familia = Apidae
subdivision_ranks = Subfamilies
subdivision =
*Apinae
Honey bees, bumblebees, stingless bees, orchid bees and others
*NomadinaeCuckoo bees
*XylocopinaeCarpenter bees

The Apidae are a large family of bees, comprising the common honey bees, stingless bees (which are also cultured for honey), carpenter bees, orchid bees, cuckoo bees, bumblebees, and various other less well-known groups. The family Apidae presently includes all the genera that were previously classified in the families Anthophoridae and Ctenoplectridae, and most of these are solitary species, though a few are also cleptoparasites. The four groups that were subfamilies in the old family Apidae are presently ranked as tribes within the subfamily Apinae. This trend has been taken to its extreme in a few recent classifications that place all the existing bee families together under the name "Apidae" (or, alternatively, the non-Linnaean clade "Anthophila"), but this is not a widely-accepted practice.

The subfamily Apinae contains a diversity of lineages, the majority of which are solitary, and whose nests are simple burrows in the soil. However, honey bees, stingless bees, and bumblebees are colonial (eusocial), though they are sometimes believed to have each developed this independently, and show notable differences in such things as communication between workers and methods of nest construction. Xylocopines (the subfamily which includes carpenter bees) are mostly solitary, though they tend to be gregarious, and some lineages such as the Allodapini contain eusocial species; most members of this subfamily make nests in plant stems or wood. The nomadines are all cleptoparasites in the nests of other bees.


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Apidae — n. 1. 1 a family of insects comprising the bees; examples are: {honeybees}; {carpenter bees}; {bumblebees}. Syn: family {Apidae}. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Apĭdae — (Bienen), Familie aus der Ordnung der Hautflügler, s. Bienen …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Apidae —   Apidae Bombus sp …   Wikipedia Español

  • Apidae — Abeille Classification …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Apidae — Echte Bienen Eine Honigbiene auf einer Majoran Blüte Systematik Klasse: Insekten (Insecta) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Apidae — Apinae Bombinae Euglossinae Meliponinae Nomadinae Xylocopinae Las abejas sociales son las especies de la familia Apidae, que comprende las abejas melíferas comunes, las abejas sin aguijón, las abejas carpinteras y los abejorros. Aunque se cree… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Apidae — noun honeybees; carpenter bees; bumblebees • Syn: ↑family Apidae • Hypernyms: ↑arthropod family • Member Holonyms: ↑Apoidea, ↑superfamily Apoidea • Member Meronyms …   Useful english dictionary

  • Apidae — Api·dae (apґĭ de) the bees, a family of flying insects with relatively large bodies, of the order Hymenoptera; many species can sting. Genera include Apis and Bombus …   Medical dictionary

  • apidae — n. honeybees; bumblebees; the bee family …   English contemporary dictionary

  • apidae — ap·i·dae …   English syllables


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