Colonization of Antarctica


Colonization of Antarctica

Colonization of Antarctica refers to having humans including families living permanently on the continent of Antarctica. Currently only some scientists live there temporarily. Antarctica is the only continent on Earth without indigenous human inhabitants.

At present scientists and staff from 30 countries live on about seventy bases (40 year-round and 30 summer-only), with an approximate population of 4000 in summer and 1000 in winter. There have been at least three births in Antarctica, at an Argentine base (1) and a Chilean base (2); see Demographics of Antarctica

Territorial claims of Antarctica according to the Antarctic Treaty:
  France
  Norway
  Chile

Contents

Past colonization speculation

An idea common in the 1950s was to have Antarctic cities enclosed under glass domes (Domed city) which would make colonization of this continent possible. Power and temperature regulation of the domes would come from atomic driven generators outside of these domes. A light source at the top of the central tower had been proposed as an artificial sun during the dark months in Antarctica. This scenario would also include regular trans-Antarctic flights as well as mining towns which were dug into Antarctica's ice caps above the shafts down to mineral bearing mountains; however, there are problems with the idea of having an atomic driven generator giving the power and temperature regulation. The atomic reactor at McMurdo Station became a pollution hazard and hence was closed down long ago.[1]

The Antarctic Treaty System, a series of international agreements, presently limit activities on Antarctica. It would need to be modified or abandoned before large-scale colonization could legally occur. On the other hand, it is the very impracticability of permanent colonization that has contributed to the failure of any of the territorial claims to receive international recognition.[2]

Domed cities

Buckminster Fuller, the developer of the geodesic dome, had raised the possibility of Antarctic domed cities that would allow a controlled climate and buildings erected under the dome.[3] His first specific published proposal for a domed city in 1965 discussed the Antarctic as a likely first location for such a project.[4] The second base at Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station (operated 1975-2003) resembles a reduced version of this idea; it is only large enough to cover a few scientific buildings.

In 1971, a team led by German architect Frei Otto made a feasibility study for an air-supported domed city two kilometers across that could house 40,000 residents.[5] Some authors have recently tried to update the idea.[6]

References

  1. ^ Elzinga, Aant (1993). "Antarctica: The Construction of a Continent by and For Science". In Elisabeth Crawford, Terry Shinn, & Sverker Sörlin (Eds.), Denationalizing Science: The Contexts of International Scientific Practice, pp. 73-106. Dordrecht: Kluwer.
  2. ^ Joyner, Christopher C. (1992). Antarctica and the Law of the Sea, p. 49. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. ISBN 0792318234.
  3. ^ Marks, Robert W. (Aug. 23, 1959). "The Breakthrough of Buckminster Fuller". The New York Times, pp. SM14, SM15, SM42, SM44.
  4. ^ Fuller, Buckminster (Sep. 26, 1965). "The Case for Domed Cities". St. Louis Post-Dispatch.
  5. ^ Walker, Derek (1998). Happold: The Confidence to Build, p. 63. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 0419240705.
  6. ^ Bolonkin, Alexander A. and Cathcart, Richard B. (May 2007). "Inflatable ‘Evergreen’ dome settlements for Earth’s Polar Regions". Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy 9 (2), 125–132.

See also

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Colonization on Earth — The colonization on Earth includes: Colonization in Europe Colonization of the Americas Colonization of Africa Colonization of Asia Colonization of Oceania Antarctica Ocean colonization See also Space colonization Colonies in antiquity… …   Wikipedia

  • Colonization — For other uses, see Colonization (disambiguation). World empires and colonies 2007 Colonization (or colonisation) occurs whenever any one or more species populate an area. The term, which is derived from the Latin colere, to inhabit, cultivate,… …   Wikipedia

  • Colonization of Mars — An artist s conception of the colonization of Mars, with a cutaway showing part of the interior The colonization of Mars by humans is the focus of speculation and serious study because the surface conditions and availability of water on Mars make …   Wikipedia

  • Colonization in Europe — The colonization in Europe during the Classical period up until the Middle ages was a process of settlement of uninhabited lands by people of the neighboring regions. Earlier colonization activities were made by the Moors (on the Iberian… …   Wikipedia

  • Antarctica — /ant ahrk ti keuh, ahr ti /, n. the continent surrounding the South Pole: almost entirely covered by an ice sheet. ab. 5,000,000 sq. mi. (12,950,000 sq. km). Also called Antarctic Continent. * * * Antarctica Introduction Antarctica Background:… …   Universalium

  • Colonization of the Moon — Lunar outpost redirects here. For NASA s plan to construct an outpost between 2012 and 2024, see Lunar outpost (NASA). Moonbase redirects here. For other uses, see Moonbase (disambiguation). 1986 artist concept The colonization of the Moon is the …   Wikipedia

  • Demographics of Antarctica — Antarctica has no indigenous inhabitants, but there are permanently and seasonally staffed research stations, field camps, and former whaling settlements. The largest of these, McMurdo Station, has a population (summer) of about 1200 residents.… …   Wikipedia

  • Space colonization — Artist Les Bossinas 1989 concept of Mars mission Space colonization (also called space settlement, space humanization, or space habitation) is the concept of permanent human habitation outside of Earth. Although hypothetical at the present time,… …   Wikipedia

  • European colonization of the Americas — First colonization British colonization Courlandish colonization Danish colonization Dutch colonization …   Wikipedia

  • Ocean colonization — is the theory and practice of permanent human settlement of oceans. Such settlements may float on the surface of the water, or be secured to the ocean floor, or exist in an intermediate position. One primary purpose of ocean colonization is the… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.