Dorogobuzh


Dorogobuzh

Coordinates: 54°55′N 33°18′E / 54.917°N 33.3°E / 54.917; 33.3

Pre-1917 view of the Dnieper in Dorogobuzh

Dorogobuzh (Russian: Дорогобуж; Polish: Dorohobuż) is a historic town and the administrative center of Dorogobuzhsky District of Smolensk Oblast, Russia, straddling the Dnieper River 125 kilometers (78 mi) to the east of Smolensk and 71 kilometers (44 mi) west of Vyazma. Population: 10,720 (2010 Census preliminary results);[1] 12,250 (2002 Census);[2] 12,254 (1989 Census).[3]

It originated before the Mongol invasion of Rus' as a fortress defending eastern approaches to Smolensk. In 1508, Vasily III sent Italian masters to build a wooden fort there. The town was ravaged during the Time of Troubles, and its population was reduced to ten men in 1614. Between 1611 and 1668, the town belonged to Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth as a part of Smolensk Voivodeship. Subsequently, the town survived other foreign invasions and numerous fires.

The principal points of historic interest lie outside the city proper. The 18th-century estate of Aleksino, for instance, used to be reputed for its stud-farm of Orlov stallions. The Boldin Monastery, dating from the 15th century, was renovated by the Godunov family in the late 16th century. The Godunovs commissioned a five-domed cathedral, a tented refectory, and a pillar-like bell-tower to be built there. According to Peter Baranovsky, the abbey represented the best-preserved 16th-century monastery complex in Eastern Europe. It was blown up by the retreating Germans in 1943 but was partly rebuilt in the 1990s.

References

  1. ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2011). "Предварительные итоги Всероссийской переписи населения 2010 года (Preliminary results of the 2010 All-Russian Population Census)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2010). Federal State Statistics Service. http://www.perepis-2010.ru/results_of_the_census/results-inform.php. Retrieved 2011-04-25. 
  2. ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек (Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002). Federal State Statistics Service. http://www.perepis2002.ru/ct/doc/1_TOM_01_04.xls. Retrieved 2010-03-23. 
  3. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров. (All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers.)" (in Russian). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989). Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. 1989. http://demoscope.ru/weekly/ssp/rus89_reg.php. Retrieved 2010-03-23. 

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dorogobuzh — Original name in latin Dorogobuzh Name in other language DOROGOBUZH, Dorogoboezj, Dorogobouj, Dorogobuj, Dorogobusch, Dorogobuz, Dorogobuzas, Dorogobuzh, Dorogobuzh na Dnepre, Dorogobuzj, Dorogobu Dorogobu Dorogobuas, Dorohobusum, Dorohobuz,… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Dorogobuzh — Stadt Dorogobusch Дорогобуж Wappen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Dorogobuzh — Dorogobouj Dorogobouj Дорогобуж …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Liste Des Princes De Dorogobuzh — Voici la liste des princes de Dorogobuzh, ancienne principauté de la Russie. Princes de Dorogobuzh 1099 1113 : Davyd de Volhynie, fils du prince Igor de Volhynie Ce document provient de « Liste des princes de Dorogobuzh ». Catégorie : Liste… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Liste des princes de Dorogobuzh — Voici la liste des princes de Dorogobuzh, ancienne principauté de la Russie. Princes de Dorogobuzh 1099 1113 : Davyd de Volhynie, fils du prince Igor de Volhynie Ce document provient de « Liste des princes de Dorogobuzh ». Catégorie : Liste… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Liste des princes de dorogobuzh — Voici la liste des princes de Dorogobuzh, ancienne principauté de la Russie. Princes de Dorogobuzh 1099 1113 : Davyd de Volhynie, fils du prince Igor de Volhynie Ce document provient de « Liste des princes de Dorogobuzh ». Catégorie : Liste… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gorodok — El término Garadok (en bielorruso: Гарадок), Gródek (en polaco: Gródek) o Gorodok (en ucraniano y en ruso: Городок) puede referirse a: Contenido 1  Bielorrusia 1.1 Provincia de Gomel 1.2 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Dnieper River — For other uses, see Dnieper (disambiguation) . Coordinates: 46°30′00″N 32°20′00″E / 46.5°N 32.3333333°E / 46.5; 32.3333333 …   Wikipedia

  • Petr Baranovsky — Infobox Architect caption= name=Pyotr Dmitrievich Baranovsky nationality=Russian birth date=February 26, 1892 birth place=Shuyskoye, Dorogobuzh district of Smolensk region, Russia death date=June 12, 1984 death place=Moscow practice name=… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Smolensk (1943) — Second Battle of Smolensk Part of the Eastern Front of World War II Date 7 August–2 October 1943 Location …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.