- 1714 in literature
The year 1714 in literature involved some significant events.
Samuel Garth, poet and royal physician, is knighted by King George I of Great Britain
* Death of Queen
Anne of Great Britain, which threw many writers out of position and put them into opposition.
* Accession of
George I of the United Kingdom, who brought with him a whig ministry, and notably the rise of Robert Walpoleand indictment and trial of both Robert Harleyand Henry St. John.
* Anonymous - "A Compleat Key to The Dispensary" (in re
Samuel Garth's 1699 poem)
** - "The Court of Atalantis" (attrib. to
Delarivière Manley, but possibly John Oldmixonor others)
** - "The Ladies Tale" (stories)
** - "The Ladies Library" (ed.
John Arbuthnot- "A Continuation of the History of the Crown-Inn"
** - "A Postscript to John Bull"
Daniel Defoe- "A Secret History of the White-Staff" (reporting allegations against Harley)
William Diaper- "An Imitation of the Seventeenth Epistle of the First Book of Horace"
Thomas Ellwood- "The History of the Life of Thomas Ellwood"
Laurence Eusden- "A Letter to Mr Addison, on the King's Accession to the Throne"
Abel Evans- "Prae-existence: A poem, in imitation of Milton"
John Gay- "The Shepherd's Week"
Charles Gildon- "A New Rehearsal" (an attack on Pope, "et al.")
* Anthony Hamilton - "Memoirs of the Life of the Count de Grammont" (transl.
Samuel Jones- "Poetical Miscellanies on Several Occasions"
* William King et al. - "The Persian and the Turkish Tales, Compleat"
Gottfried Leibniz- "Monadologia"
John Locke- "The Works of John Locke" (posth.)
Bernard de Mandeville- " The Fable of the Bees"
Delarivière Manley- "The Adventures of Rivella; or, The History of the Author of the Atalantis"
Alexander Pope- " The Rape of the Lock"
Nicholas Rowe- "Poems on Several Occasions"
William Shakespeare- "The Works of Mr William Shakespear" (ed. Nicholas Rowe, 3rd edition)
Alexander Smithor "Captain Alexander Smith" - "The History of the Lives of the Most Noted Highway-men, Foot-pads, House-breakers, Shop-lifts, and Cheats..."
Richard Steele- "The Crisis"
** - "The Englishman" (collection and end of the periodical)
** - "The Lover" (periodical)
** - "Mr Steele's Apology for Himself and his Writings"
** - "Poetical Miscellanies" (with contributions from Pope,
Thomas Parnell, John Gay, Thomas Warton, Edward Young, and others)
** - "The Public Spirit of the Tories" (attrib.: response to Swift)
** - "The Reader" (periodical)
Jonathan Swift- "The First Ode of the Second Book of Horace Paraphras'd"
** - "The Public Spirit of the Whigs"
Ned Ward- "The Field-Spy"
Edward Young- "The Force of Religion"
January 1- Kristijonas Donelaitis, poet (died 1780)
April 14- Adam Gib, theologian (died 1788)
November 13- William Shenstone, English poet (died 1763)
James Hervey, the anatomist
George Whitefield, the preacher
June 22- Matthew Henry, Biblical commentator (born 1662)
*"date unknown" -
Charles Davenant, economist, son of Sir William Davenant(born 1656)
*"date unknown" -
Antonio Magliabechi, librarian (born 1633)
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