- Urban Institute
The Urban Institute is a
Washington, D.C.based nonpartisan think tank that collects data, conducts policy research, evaluates socialprograms, educates the public on key domestic issues, and provides advice and technical assistance to developing governments abroad.
The Urban Institute measures effects, compares options, shows which stakeholders get the most and least, tests conventional wisdom, reveals trends, and makes costs, benefits, and risks explicit. [ [http://www.collegegrad.com/topemployers/urban.shtml CollegeGrad.com Top Entry Level Employers - Urban Institute Jobs ] ]
History and funding
The Institute was established as an independent organization in
1968by the Lyndon B. Johnsonadministration to study the nation’s urban problems and evaluate the Great Societyinitiatives embodied in more than 400 laws passed in the prior four years. Gradually, its research and funding base broadened.
Today, federal government contracts provide about 72 % of the Institute’s operating funds, foundations another 26 %, and state and local governments and private individuals the rest. Some of the Institute’s more than 100 private sponsors and funders include The
Atlantic Philanthropies, the Annie E. Casey Foundation, the Ford Foundation, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, the Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, the Charles Stewart Mott Foundation, and the Rockefeller Foundation.
Some 225 studies and evaluations were under way in 2006 at the Institute. These include new series of studies on
retirementand agingin America, analysis of who gets the Child Tax Credit, work on factors raising the costs of Medicaidand health carecosts more generally, roundtables on working families and their children, reports on immigrantchildren in US schools, and briefing papers on rebuilding families and communities in Hurricane Katrina’s aftermath. The organization has also put substantial research into the issue of prisoners removed from prison and the effect this has on the prisoner, and on the whole family and problems it can possibly create.
The Urban Institute International Activities Center (IAC) is recognized as among the world’s leading institutions providing technical assistance in decentralization and local governance. UI is currently implementing more than 40 projects in over 20 countries across four continents.
Urban Institute's staff of 400 works in ten research centers: the Center on Nonprofits and Philanthropy; [ [http://cnp.urban.org Center on Nonprofits and Philanthropy] ] the Metropolitan Housing and Community Policy Center; [ [http://met.urban.org Metropolitan Housing and Community Policy Center] ] the Health Policy Center; [ [http://www.urban.org/center/hpc/index.cfm Health Policy Center] ] the Education Policy Center; [ [http://epc.urban.org Education Policy Center] ] the Income and Benefits Policy Center; [ [http://ibp.urban.org Income and Benefits Policy Center] ] the International Activities Center; [ [http://iac.urban.org International Activities Center] ] the Justice Policy Center; [ [http://jpc.urban.org Justice Policy Center] ] the Assessing the New Federalism project; [ [http://anf.urban.org Assessing the New Federalism] ] and the Labor, Human Services, and Population Center. [ [http://lhp.urban.org Labor, Human Services, and Population Center] ] The Institute also houses the Urban Institute -
Brookings InstitutionTax Policy Center, the National Center for Charitable Statistics, [ [http://nccs.urban.org National Center for Charitable Statistics] ] and Urban Institute Press. [ [http://www.taxpolicycenter.org Tax Policy Center] ] [ [http://www.uipress.org Urban Institute Press] ] In 2005, the Institute worked in all 50 states and roughly 25 countries.
The Institute’s president is Robert D. Reischauer, former head of the
Congressional Budget Office. Dr. Reischauer succeeded William Gorham, founding president, in 2001. Most Urban Institute researchers are economists, social scientists, or experts in public policyand administration. Others are mathematicians, statisticians, city planners, engineers, computer experts, or scientists. A few have backgrounds in medicine, law, or arts and letters. Unique among the nation’s largest researchorganizations, the Institute is 63 % female, and six of the ten research center directors are women; 25 % of the staff is minority.
Board of Trustees
In 2007, Board members are: Joel L. Fleishman (Chairman),
Robert M. Solow(Vice Chairman), Dick Thornburgh(Vice Chairman), Afsaneh Beschloss, Jamie S. Gorelick, Richard C. Green, Jr., Freeman A. Hrabowski, III, Robert S. McNamara, Charles L. Mee, Jr., Mary John Miller, Melvin L. Oliver, Robert D. Reischauer, Louis A. Simpson, and Judy Woodruff.
* [http://www.urban.org/ www.urban.org] - Urban Institute official web site
* [http://www.taxpolicycenter.org/ www.taxpolicycenter.org] - Urban Institute -
Brookings InstitutionTax Policy Center
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