Moshe Teitelbaum (Ujhel)


Moshe Teitelbaum (Ujhel)
A Jewish amulet, consisting of various Divine Names, attributed to the Yismach Moshe

Rabbi Moshe Teitelbaum (1759 - 16 July 1841) (Hebrew: משה טייטלבוים), also known as the Yismach Moshe, was the Rebbe of Ujhely in Hungary. According to Löw, he signed his name "Tamar", this being the equivalent of Teitelbaum, which is the Yiddish for "palm-tree" (compare German "Dattelbaum"). An adherent of the Polish Hasidic Rebbe, the Chozeh of Lublin, Rabbi Teitelbaum was instrumental in bringing Hasidic Judaism to Hungary. Though initially opposed to Hassidism, after his son-in-law introduced him to the Chozeh of Lublin, he soon became an adherent to Hassidism.[citation needed] *(Dezsö Schön, 1997)

Teitelbaum first served as a rabbi in Przemyśl, and later in Sátoralja-Ujhely, where he was called in 1808.[1] In Ujhely he founded a Hassidic congregation which was independent of the Galician leaders. In 1822 Teitelbaum was suspected of having supplied amulets to certain Jewish culprits who had been cast into prison for libel, in order to assist them in escaping. When called upon to vindicate himself he declared that the amulets in question served only as substitutes for the mezuzah and that their only purpose was to protect their bearers against demons. Teitelbaum enjoyed an enviable reputation, with even Rabbi Moses Sofer paying him homage.

Contents

Works

Teitelbaum authored three main works, Heishiv Moshe ("Moses Responded", a collection of responsa), Tefillah le-Mosheh, (a commentary on Psalms), and Yismach Moshe ("Moses Rejoiced", 1849; 2d ed. 1898, containing homilies on the Torah), and he is commonly referred to by the title of the latter. He originally wrote a significant portion of his commentary on Psalms on the backs of personal notes handed to him by petitioners seeking his aid and blessing. These notes were transmitted via a succession of prominent hasidic rabbis, until finally being edited and published for the first time n Krakow in 1880.[2]

His descendants became leaders of the communities of Sighet and Satmar known as Satmar Hasidim. He was said to have identified his three prior gilgulim (incarnations in Judaism), saying that in his first gilgul he had been a sheep in Yaakov Avinu's flock,[3] in his second incarnation he lived in the time of Moses, and in his third incarnation he lived during the time of the destruction of the First Temple. In humility, he did not disclose the nature of the third incarnation, but his followers asked another Rebbe, who identified it as the Biblical Prophet Jeremiah. Regarding the first gilgul, he taught his followers the song, he said, that he recalled Jacob would sing as he tended the sheep.

He was once learning the story of Korach in the Torah with his young grandson the Yetev Lev and the Yetev Lev made a comment showing that he didn't think much of Korach, who rebelled against Moses. At that point the Yismach Moshe admonished him saying that we have no understanding of the greatness of Korach. In fact, added the Yismach Moshe, he himself was a gilgul from that "Dor HaMidbar" (generation of the desert) and had not been sure whom to follow, since this seemed to be a valid argument between the two greatest men of the generation. His grandson then asked him, "If so what did you do and how did you save yourself?" The Yismach Moshe said "Not wanting to be part of the machlokes (argument) I ran into my tent and closed the entrance tightly. I refused to come out until it was all over."[citation needed]

His followers would teach of his previous identification with Jeremiah, and how this affected his present life. In his later days he yearned so much for the coming of the Jewish Messiah and the rebuilding of the Temple, that he wore his Shabbat clothing the entire week, anticipating the Messiah's arrival. He died on July 17, 1841.

See also

References

  1. ^ 'Codex Judaica', M.Kantor p.259
  2. ^ Cited in introduction to Tefillah le-Moshe, Teitelbaum, Monroe, NY 2010 ed.
  3. ^ The Biblical Patriach Jacob fathered the 12 Tribes of the Jewish people. Kabbalah teaches that his flock of sheep comprised the future root souls of Israel. The identification by Moshe Teitelbaum of this first incarnation, would accordingly be novel for his recollection of it

Jewish Encyclopedia bibliography

This article incorporates text from the 1901–1906 Jewish Encyclopedia, a publication now in the public domain.

  • Aaron Walden, Shem ha-Gedolim he-Ḥadash, p. 101;
  • Löw, Gesammelte Schriften, ii.76, 84, 91.
  • Dezsö Schön, Istenkeresök a Kárpátok alatt (God-seekers under the Carpathians) , 97. Budapest, Múlt és Jövö

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Moshe Teitelbaum — may refer to: Moshe Teitelbaum (Ujhel) (1759 1841) a Hasidic Rebbe. Moshe Teitelbaum (Satmar) (1914 2006) a Hasidic Rebbe. This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the same title. If an …   Wikipedia

  • Moshe Teitelbaum (Satmar) — This article is about the previous Satmar Rebbe. For the 18th Century rabbi from Sátoraljaújhely, see Moshe Teitelbaum (Ujhel) Moshe Teitelbaum Born November 1, 1914( …   Wikipedia

  • Ujhel-Siget (Hasidic dynasty) — Ujhel Siget is the name of a Hasidic dynasty founded by Rebbe Moshe Teitelbaum. Ujhel, the seat of Rebbe Moshe s court, is the Yiddish name of Sátoraljaújhely, a town in present day Hungary. Lineage History References …   Wikipedia

  • Yekusiel Yehuda Teitelbaum (I) — Infobox Rebbe title = Sigeter Rebbe caption = term =1858 – 1883 full name = Yekusiel Yehuda Teitelbaum main work = Yetev Lev predecessor =Elozor Nison Teitelbaum successor =Chananya Yom Tov Lipa Teitelbaum spouse1 =Ruchl Ashkenazi issue1 =Avrohom …   Wikipedia

  • Hasidic philosophy — This article is about Hasidic philosophy. For an overview of the Hasidic movement, see Hasidic Judaism. Hasidus called the Torah of the Baal Shem Tov and his Wellsprings , after his account in a letter to Gershon of Kitov about the elevation of… …   Wikipedia

  • Hasidic Judaism — Hasidic Jews praying in the synagogue on Yom Kippur, by Maurycy Gottlieb Part of a se …   Wikipedia

  • Dynasties hassidiques — Une dynastie hassidique possède habituellement plusieurs ou la totalité des caractéristiques suivantes : Elle a été fondée par un dirigeant spirituel, souvent connu sous le nom d Admor (abréviation d ADoneinou MOreinou Rabbeinou… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Dinastías jasídicas — Anexo:Dinastías jasídicas Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Las sectas jasídicas son dirigidas por rabinos denominados Rebes o Admorim de una forma hereditaria. Aquí vemos las principales sectas jasídicas con sus líderes: Nombre Rabino dirigente… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Nadvorna (Hasidic dynasty) — The tombstone of Rebbe Issamar of Nadvorna on the Mount of Olives This file is a candidate for speedy deletion. It may be deleted after Tuesday, 22 November 2011. Nadvorna is a Hasidic rabbinical dynasty within Orthodox Judaism. The dynasty… …   Wikipedia

  • Dushinsky (Hasidic dynasty) — Dushinsky is one of the few Hasidic dynasties not named after the place where it originated; instead, it is named after the surname of the Rebbe. It is a relatively new dynasty, as are many of the dynasties originating in Hungary. However, the… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.