- Catterick, North Yorkshire
Infobox UK place
static_image_caption = Catterick Village Green
region= Yorkshire and the Humber
population= 2,743 (2001)
Catterick, sometimes Catterick Village to distinguish it from the nearby
Catterick Garrison, is a villagein North Yorkshire. It dates back to Roman times, when Cataractonium was a Roman fortprotecting the crossing of the Great North Road and Dere Streetover the River Swale. Ptolemy's Geographia of c. 150mentions it as a landmark to locate the 24th clime. [Stevenson, Edward Luther. Trans. and ed. 1932. Claudius Ptolemy: The Geography. New York Public Library. Reprint: Dover, 1991, Latinized English translation, Book II Chapter 2, web edition at http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Gazetteer/Periods/Roman/_Texts/Ptolemy/2/2*.html#Caturactonium retrieved on August 16, 2006]
Catterick is thought to be the site of the
Battle of Catraeth(c. 598) mentioned in the poem" Y Gododdin". This was a historic battle between Celtic British or Brythonickingdoms and the Anglo-Saxon kingdom of Bernicia. [Ford, David Nash 1998 "Early British Kingdoms" - "Timeline of the Early British Kingdoms 410 AD-598 AD" retrieved from http://britannia.com/history/ebk/ebktime1.html on August 16, 2006] Catraeth was then a seat of the British kingdom of Rheged.
In later times, it prospered as a coaching town where travellers up the Great North Road would stop overnight and refresh themselves and their
horses; today's Angel Inn was once a coaching inn. Saint Anne's Church overlooks the village and has Norman roots.
At the 2001
Census, Catterick Village had 2,743 residents, most of whom work in the adjacent Garrison, in farming, or in the local towns of Richmond, Darlington, Northallertonor on Teesside. Previously RAF Catterickthe airfield to the south of the village was transferred to the Army and is now Marne Barracks, named after the site of two significant battles of World War I.
The £1m A1 bypass was opened in 1959 by [John Cavendish, 5th Baron Chesham|Lord Chesham, the Joint
Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Transport.
"Cataractonium" looks like a Latin/Greek mixture meaning "place of a waterfall", but on the
Ptolemy world mapit is spelt Κατουρακτονιον, which looks like Celtic for " [place of] battle ramparts".
* [http://www.cattericksundaymarket.co.uk Sunday Market]
* [http://www.catterickgolfclub.co.uk Golf club]
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