- Beach volleyball
imagesize = 260px
caption = A beach volleyball game in progress.
union = FIVB
first = 1915 in
Pacific Palisades California, USA
contact = No Contact
team = 2
mgender = Single and mixed
category = Outdoor
ball = Beach volleyball
olympic = 1996
Beach volleyball, or sand volleyball, is an Olympic
team sportplayed on sand. Like other variations of volleyball, two teams, separated by a high net, try to score points against the other by grounding a ball on the other team's court. Competitive beach volleyball teams usually consist of two players, though recreational variations can contain any number of players.
Southern California, beach volleyball now enjoys worldwide popularity, even in countries without traditional beaches, like Switzerland.
Though popularized in Southern California, the first recorded beach volleyball games took place on the beaches of Waikiki in Honolulu, Hawai'i at the Outrigger Canoe Club. [http://www.bvbinfo.com/SandsSneak.asp?issue=1] Originally designed to give bored surfers something to do when the surf was down, the game quickly developed into more organized six-man matches. The most famous early player was legendary waterman,
In 1920, construction of new jetties in
Santa Monica, Californiacreated a large sandy area for public enjoyment, planting the seed for beach volleyball development in that region. The first permanent nets began to appear, and recreational games were soon being played on public parts of the beach, as well as in private beach clubs. 11 such beach clubs appeared in the Santa Monica area, beginning in late 1922. The first inter-club competitions were staged in 1924, marking the first beach volleyball tournaments to be played in California.
Most of these early beach volleyball matches were played with teams of at least six players per side, much like indoor volleyball. The concept of the modern two-man beach volleyball game, however, is credited to Paul "Pablo" Johnson, an indoor player. [http://www.bvbinfo.com/SandsSneak.asp?issue=3] In the summer of 1930, while waiting for players to show up for a six-man game, Johnson decided to try playing with only the four people present. The game was forever changed.
Beach volleyball began to appear in
Europein the 1930s. By the 1940s, doubles tournaments were being played on the beaches of Santa Monica for trophies. In the 1960s, an attempt to start a professional volleyball league was made in Santa Monica. It failed, but a professional tournament was held in Francefor 30,000 French francs. Fact|date=September 2008 The first Manhattan Beach Open was held in 1960. The tournament is now considered the "Wimbledon of Beach Volleyball". Fact|date=September 2008
In the 1970s, a few professional tournaments in Santa Monica were sponsored by beer and cigarette companies. Fact|date=September 2008
At the professional level, the sport remained fairly obscure until the 1980s when beach volleyball experienced a surge in popularity. Players like
Karch Kiralyand Sinjin Smithbecame household names. Fact|date=September 2008 In 1987, the FIVBcreated the first World Beach Volleyball Championships, played in Rio de Janiero, Brazil. The FIVB began organizing worldwide professional tournaments, and laid the groundwork for the sport's Olympic debut in 1996. [http://books.google.com/books?id=m6FwrMAK6O0C&printsec=frontcover]
Despite its increased popularity in the 80's and 90's, American beach volleyball suffered setbacks. In early 1998, the American women's professional tour - the WPVA - closed its doors and filed for bankruptcy. Later that same year, the American professional men's tour - the AVP - also filed for bankruptcy, plagued by problems as a player-run organization. [http://books.google.com/books?id=m6FwrMAK6O0C&printsec=frontcover]
In 2001, the AVP reemerged as a for-profit, publicly-traded company that combined the men's and women's professional tours, with equal prize money for both sexes.
Rules and Gameplay
Rule Differences Between Beach and Indoor
Beach volleyball is fundamentally similar to
indoor volleyball: a team scores points by grounding the ball on the opponents' court, or when the opposing team commits a fault (error or illegal action); teams can contact the ball no more than three times before the ball crosses the net; and consecutive contacts must be made by different players.
The major differences between beach and indoor volleyball are:
* Playing surface: sand, rather than a hard floor
* Team size: two players per team, rather than six
Other differences include: [cite web |url=http://www.fivb.org/EN/BeachVolleyball/Rules/RulesoftheGames2007_2008.pdf|title=Volleyball Rules]
* The beach court measures ft to m| 26.25 | 52.5 |precision=2, while the indoor court measures ft to m| 29.52 | 59.05 |precision=2.
* A match consists of three sets, or games. A set is won by the first team to reach 21 points. The first team to win two sets wins the match, and a third tiebreaker set, if necessary, is won by the first team to reach 15 points. Teams must win by two points.
* Teams change sides of the court at every combined multiple of 7 points. For example, if Team A has 10 points and Team B also has 10, then the next point will cause both teams to switch sides, the total score of 21 being a multiple of 7. On the third set, teams change sides of the court at every combined multiple of 5 points.
* It is legal to cross under the net as long as doing so does not interfere with the opponents' attempt to play the ball.
* Players alternate service, but are not required to rotate positions;:* There are no 'rotation errors'.:* There are no ten-foot line (3-meter line) hitting restrictions.
* There are no substitutions.
* Most players, either by choice or by requirement of the rules, play the game
* The ball is softer, has a lower internal pressure, and is slightly bigger than an indoor volleyball.
* Overhand finger passes are refereed more strictly: :* When receiving or attacking, an overhand pass must be redirected squarely to the shoulders and put little or no spin on the ball (a "clean" pass). In practice, this means that serves are never received open-handed. The exception to this rule is when receiveing an opponent's hard-driven attack.:* When employing an overhand pass, the standard for a "double contact" fault is lower than when receiving or attacking, though still much stricter than in indoor volleyball. The standard for a "lift" fault is less strict than in the indoor game, ie. it is legal to allow the ball to come to rest for a small period of time.
Beach volleyball players use hand signals to indicate the type of block they intend to make, also known as block signals. Block signals are made behind the back to hide them from the opposing team. They are usually given with both hands by the serving player's partner prior to the serve, with each hand referring to the type of block that should be put up against an attack from the corresponding opponent. A player may also "wiggle" or "flash" one block signal to indicate which opponent to serve to.
If the server is the designated blocker, he or she may run up to the net to block after serving. Otherwise, the signaling player will perform the block.
Block signals may also be given during a rally while the opposing team is preparing their attack.
Common Block Signals
*Closed fist:No block should be attempted for the opponent on that side of the court
*One finger:The blocker should block an opponent's "line" attack, or a ball hit perpendicularly from the net and parallel to the sideline
*Two fingers:The blocker should block an opponent's "angle" attack, or a ball hit diagonally from the net and across the court
*Open hand:The blocker should block "ball," deciding how to block based upon the opposing team's set, and the hitter's approach and arm-swing
The main international governing body for beach volleyball is the Fédération Internationale de Volleyball (FIVB) .For North and Central America it is the North, Central America and Caribbean Volleyball Confederation (NORCECA),in South America it is the Confederación Sudamericana de Voleibol (CSV) in Asia it is the Asian Volleyball Confederation (AVC), for Africa it is the Confédération Africaine de Volleyball (CAV), and in Europe it is the European Volleyball Federation (CEV) In the US, USA Volleyball is the govening body for beach volleyball, as well as indoor volleyball.
International and Domestic Competition
Lifestyle and culture
Beach volleyball culture includes the people, language, fashion and life surrounding the sport of modern beach volleyball. With its origins in Hawai'i and California, beach volleyball is strongly associated with a casual, beach-centric lifestyle. As it developed nearly in parallel with modern
surfing, beach volleyball culture shares some similarities with surf culture. The beach bumarchetype is one such example.
Fashion often extends from the clothing worn during play, like the
bikinior boardshorts. And much like surfers, beach volleyball players are at the mercy of the weather; patterns of play often develop based on weather conditions like sun and wind.
Beach volleyball is considered an important part of the local culture in many Southern California beach towns. Indeed, cities like Hermosa Beach, Santa Barbara and Huntington Beach maintain permanent poles and nets year-round.
List of famous US beach volleyball players
Beach volleyball at the Summer Olympics
*Association of Volleyball Professionals (AVP)
* Fédération Internationale de Volleyball (FIVB)
European Beach Volleyball Championships
Beach volleyball uniform controversy
* [http://www.avp.com Association of Volleyball Professionals]
* [http://www.fivb.org/EN/BeachVolleyball Fédération Internationale de Volleyball: Beach Volleyball]
* [http://www.bvbinfo.com/ Beach Volleyball Database]
* [http://www.evptour.com EVP Pro Beach Volleyball Tour]
* [http://www.cbva.com California Beach Volleyball Association]
* [http://www.usavolleyball.org/Beach/ USA Volleyball: Beach]
* [http://www.MissionBeachVolleyball.com/ Mission Beach Volleyball]
* [http://www.Volleyball.ORG/ Volleyball.ORG]
* [http://www.volleyrocket.com/ VolleyRocket.com - Worldwide Volleyball Videos]
* [http://www.volleyshots.com/ VolleyShots.com]
* [http://www.fatspike.com/ Beach volleyball photo database]
* [http://www.cbva.com/ California Beach Volleyball Assoiation]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Beach-Volleyball — Beach|vol|ley|ball, Beach Vol|ley|ball [ bi:t̮ʃvɔli… ], der, auch: das <o. Pl.> [engl. beach volleyball, aus: beach ↑ (Beach) u. volleyball ↑ (Volleyball)]: von Zweiermannschaften auf Sand gespielte Variante des ↑ Volleyballs (1) … Universal-Lexikon
beach volleyball — volleyball played on the sand, officially with two teams of two players each. [1990 95] * * * ˌbeach ˈvolleyball 7 [beach volleyball] noun uncountable a form of ↑volleyball played on sand by teams of two players … Useful english dictionary
Beach-Volleyball — Beachvolleyball Spiel in Spanien Beachvolleyball Beachvolleyball ist eine Mannschaftssportart aus der Gruppe der Rückschlagspiele, bei der sich zwei Mannschaften mit jeweils zwei Spielern auf einem durch ein Netz geteilten Spielfeld aus Sand… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Beach Volleyball — Beachvolleyball Spiel in Spanien Beachvolleyball Beachvolleyball ist eine Mannschaftssportart aus der Gruppe der Rückschlagspiele, bei der sich zwei Mannschaften mit jeweils zwei Spielern auf einem durch ein Netz geteilten Spielfeld aus Sand… … Deutsch Wikipedia
beach volleyball — paplūdimio tinklinis statusas T sritis Kūno kultūra ir sportas apibrėžtis Sportinis kamuolio žaidimas stačiakampėje smėlio aikštėje be vidurio ir puolimo linijų. Aikštės dydis 16×8 m. Žaidžia 2 komandos po 2 žaidėjus iki dviejų laimėtų setų,… … Sporto terminų žodynas
beach volleyball — beach′ vol leyball n. volleyball played on the sand, officially with two teams of two players each … From formal English to slang
beach volleyball — volleyball played on the sand, officially with two teams of two players each. [1990 95] * * * … Universalium
beach volleyball — /bitʃ ˈvɒlibɔl/ (say beech voleebawl) noun volleyball played on the sand at a beach. Also, beach … Australian English dictionary
beach volleyball — noun a) An outdoor variant of volleyball played on sand. b) The ball used to play this sport. Syn: outdoor volleyball, sand volleyball … Wiktionary
Beach-Volleyball — D✓Beach|vol|ley|ball, Beach Vol|ley|ball [ bi:tʃ̮... ] (Strandvolleyball) … Die deutsche Rechtschreibung