List of British Commonwealth Air Training Plan facilities in Canada


List of British Commonwealth Air Training Plan facilities in Canada

This article contains a List of Facilities of the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan (BCATP), a major program for training Allied air crews during World War II, operated schools and facilities in all nine Canadian provinces (Newfoundland and Labrador was not yet part of Canada).

Training aircraft

For many facilities, the type of training aircraft used appears in parentheses. The BCATP used the following types of aircraft for training:

* Airspeed Oxford
* Avro Anson
* Boeing Stearman
* Bristol Bolingbroke
* Cessna Crane
* De Havilland Tiger Moth
* Fairchild Cornell
* Fairey Battle
* Fairey Swordfish
* Fleet Finch
* Noorduyn Norseman
* North American Harvard
* North American Yale
* Stinson 105
* Westland Lysander
* Northrop Nomad

Facilities

Training Command Headquarters

The BCATP operated four major commands:

1. Toronto, Ontario, with responsibility for all Ontario facilities except those in the far southeastern and northwestern ends of the province.

2. Winnipeg, Manitoba, with responsibility for facilities in northwestern Ontario, Manitoba, and part of Saskatchewan.

3. Montreal, Quebec, with responsibility for facilities in far southeastern Ontario, Quebec, and the Maritimes.

4. Regina, Saskatchewan, with responsibility for British Columbia, Alberta, and part of Saskatchewan.

Central Flying School

The Central Flying School was located in Trenton, Ontario, which still hosts a major military airbase, CFB Trenton.

Central Navigation School

The Central Navigation School was located in Rivers, Manitoba (Anson).

Instrument Navigation School

The Instrument Navigation School was located near Deseronto, Ontario, at what is currently Tyendinaga (Mohawk) Airport.

Manning Depots

The BCATP had two principal Manning Depots:

1. Toronto, Ontario

2. Brandon, Manitoba

Initial Training School

Recruits started their training with a few weeks at an Initial Training School, to learn the basics of military life.

1. Toronto, Ontario

2. Regina, Saskatchewan

3. Victoriaville, Quebec (Finch and Moth)

4. Edmonton, Alberta

5. Belleville, Ontario

6. Saskatoon, Saskatchewan - currently Saskatoon John G. Diefenbaker International Airport

Elementary Flying Training Schools

An Elementary Flying Training School (EFTS) gave a recruit 50 hours of basic aviation instruction on a simple trainer like the Moth or Finch. Pilots who showed promise went on to advanced training at a Service Flying Training School. Others went on to different specialties, such as wireless, navigation or bombing and gunnery.

1. Malton, Ontario (Moth) — currently Toronto Pearson International Airport

2. Fort William, Ontario (Moth)

3. London, Ontario (Finch)

4. Windsor Mills, Quebec (Finch and Moth)

5. Lethbridge, Alberta, High River, Alberta (Moth and Cornell)

6. Prince Albert, Saskatchewan (Moth and Cornell)

7. Windsor, Ontario (Finch)

8. Vancouver, British Columbia (Moth)

9. St. Catharines, Ontario (Moth)

10. Hamilton, Ontario, Pendleton, Ontario (Moth and Finch) — currently Hamilton/John C. Munro International Airport and Pendleton Airport

11. Cap-de-la-Madeleine, Quebec (Finch and Cornell)

12. Goderich, Ontario (Finch) — now Goderich Airport

13. St. Eugene, Ontario (Finch)

14. Portage La Prairie, Manitoba (Moth and Finch) - currently Portage La Prairie/Southport Airport

15. Regina, Saskatchewan (Moth and Cornell)

16. Edmonton, Alberta (Moth and Finch)

17. Stanley, Nova Scotia (Finch and Moth)

18. Boundary Bay, British Columbia

19. Virden, Manitoba (Moth and Cornell)

20. Oshawa, Ontario (Moth)

21. Chatham, New Brunswick (Finch)

22. Quebec City, Quebec (Finch)

23. Davidson, Saskatchewan, Yorkton, Saskatchewan (Cornell)

24. Abbotsford, British Columbia, Assiniboia, Saskatchewan (Cornell)

25. DeWinton, Alberta (Moth, Stearman and Cornell)

27. Neepawa, Manitoba (Moth and Cornell)

32. Bowden, Alberta (Moth, Stearman and Cornell)

33. Caron, Saskatchewan (Cornell)

34. Assiniboia, Saskatchewan — originally an RAF school.

35. Neepawa, Manitoba — RAF school incorporated into 26

36. Pearce, Alberta (Moth and Stearman)

Service Flying Training Schools

The Service Flying Training School provided advanced training for pilots, including fighter and multi-engine training.

1. Camp Borden, Ontario (Harvard)

2. Uplands (Ottawa), Ontario (Harvard and Yale) — currently Ottawa Macdonald-Cartier International Airport

3. Calgary, Alberta (Anson and Crane)

4. Saskatoon, Saskatchewan (Anson and Crane)

5. Brantford, Ontario (Anson) — currently Brantford Airport

6. Dunnville, Ontario (Harvard and Yale) — currently Dunnville Airport

7. Fort MacLeod, Alberta (Anson) — currently Fort Macleod Airport

8. Moncton, New Brunswick (Anson)

9. Summerside, Prince Edward Island, Centralia, Ontario (Anson and Harvard) — currently Summerside Airport and Centralia/Huron Airpark

10. Dauphin, Manitoba (Harvard) — currently Dauphin (Lt. Col W.G. (Billy) Barker VC Airport)

11. Yorkton, Saskatchewan (Harvard, Crane and Anson) — currently Yorkton Municipal Airport

12. Brandon, Manitoba (Crane and Anson) — currently Brandon Municipal Airport

13. St. Hubert (Montreal), Quebec (Harvard and Anson) — currently Montréal/St-Hubert Airport

14. Aylmer, Ontario (Anson and Harvard)

15. Claresholm, Alberta (Anson) — currently Claresholm Industrial Airport

16. Hagersville, Ontario (Anson and Harvard)

17. Souris, Manitoba (Anson and Harvard)

18. Gimli, Manitoba (Anson) — currently Gimli Industrial Park Airport (see also Gimli Glider)

19. Vulcan, Alberta (Anson)

31. Kingston, Ontario (Battle and Harvard) — currently Kingston/Norman Rogers Airport

32. Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan (Oxford) — currently Moose Jaw/Air Vice Marshal C.M. McEwen Airport

33. Carberry, Manitoba (Anson)

34. Medicine Hat, Alberta (Harvard and Oxford) — currently Medicine Hat Airport

35. North Battleford, Saskatchewan (Oxford) — currently North Battleford (Cameron McIntosh) Airport

36. Penhold, Alberta (Oxford)

37. Calgary, Alberta (Oxford, Harvard and Anson)

38. Estevan, Saskatchewan (Anson) — currently Estevan Airport

39. Swift Current, Saskatchewan (Oxford) — currently Swift Current Airport

41. Weyburn, Saskatchewan (Anson and Harvard) — currently Weyburn Airport

Air Observer Schools

1. Malton, Ontario (Anson) — currently Toronto Pearson International Airport

2. Edmonton, Alberta (Anson)

3. Regina, Saskatchewan (Anson)

4. London, Ontario (Anson)

5. Winnipeg, Manitoba (Anson) — current Winnipeg James Armstrong Richardson International Airport

6. Prince Albert, Saskatchewan (Anson)

7. Portage La Prairie, Manitoba (Anson)

8. Quebec City, Quebec (Anson)

9. St-Jean, Quebec (Anson)

10. Chatham, New Brunswick (Anson)

Bombing and Gunnery Schools

1. Jarvis, Ontario (Anson, Battle, Bolingbroke and Lysander)

2. Mossbank, Saskatchewan (Anson, Battle, Bolingbroke and Lysander)

3. Macdonald, Manitoba (Anson, Battle, Bolingbroke and Lysander)

4. London, Ontario (Anson, Battle, Bolingbroke and Lysander)

5. Dafoe, Saskatchewan (Anson, Battle, Bolingbroke and Lysander)

6. Mountain View, Ontario (Anson, Battle, Bolingbroke and Lysander)

7. Paulson, Manitoba (Anson, Battle, Bolingbroke and Lysander)

8. Lethbridge, Alberta (Anson, Battle, Bolingbroke and Lysander)

9. Mont-Joli, Quebec (Anson, Battle, Bolingbroke and Lysander)

10. Mount Pleasant, Prince Edward Island (Anson, Battle, Bolingbroke and Lysander)

31. Picton, Ontario (Anson, Battle, Bolingbroke and Lysander) — currently Picton Airport

Air Navigation Schools

3. Port Albert, Ontario (Anson)

33. Hamilton, Ontario (Anson) — currently Hamilton/John C. Munro International Airport

Wireless Schools

1. Winnipeg, Manitoba (Moth, Stinson 105) — currently Winnipeg James Armstrong Richardson International Airport

2. Calgary, Alberta (Harvard and Fort)

3. Montreal, Quebec (Norseman and Moth)

4. Guelph, Ontario (Norseman and Moth)

Flying Instructor Schools

1. Trenton, Ontario — currently CFB Trenton

2. RCAF Station Pearce, Alberta (various)

3. Arnprior, Ontario (various) — currently Arnprior/South Renfrew Municipal Airport

4. RCAF Station Vulcan, Vulcan, Alberta

Naval Air Gunner School

1. Yarmouth, Nova Scotia (Swordfish)

General Reconnaissance Schools

1. Summerside, Prince Edward Island (Anson) — currently Summerside Airport

31. Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island (Anson) — currently Charlottetown Airport

Auxiliary Airfields

1. Buttress, Saskatchewan

2. Hamlin, Saskatchewan (Oxford)


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