Svalbard and Jan Mayen


Svalbard and Jan Mayen

:"This article is about the collective term "Svalbard and Jan Mayen" as defined by the ISO. For details of the two separate territories, see Svalbard and Jan Mayen respectively."

Svalbard and Jan Mayen is a statistical designation defined by ISO 3166-1 [ [http://www.iso.org/iso/en/prods-services/iso3166ma/02iso-3166-code-lists/list-en1.html ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code elements] ] of two parts of Norway located in the Arctic Ocean under separate jurisdictions: Svalbard and Jan Mayen. While the two are combined for the purposes of the ISO category, they are not administratively related.

While the Arctic archipelago of Svalbard is under the full sovereignty of Norway, it has a special status recognized by the Svalbard Treaty, [ [http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/other/dfat/treaties/1925/10.html Treaty Concerning the Archipalego of Spitsbergen] ] resulting in certain obligations and some differences in administration and international agreements by the Norwegian government. For instance, Svalbard is not covered by the Schengen Agreement, which applies to the rest of Norway (including Jan Mayen). Immigrants may also work and live in Svalbard without a visa. [ [http://english.aljazeera.net/English/archive/archive?ArchiveId=24223 Immigrants warmly welcomed, by Al Jazeera] ] Svalbard is administered by a governor reporting to the Norwegian Minister of Justice.

The remote island of Jan Mayen is an integrated territory of Norway, and it has none of the special considerations applicable to Svalbard. From 1930 to 1994 it was administered by the governor of Svalbard, and since 1995 it has been administered from the mainland by the county governor of Nordland. [ [http://www.worldstatesmen.org/Norway.htm Norway information] ] Therefore, Jan Mayen does not have any immediate geographic (with the two territories about 1,000 km apart) or otherwise administrative connection to Svalbard.

There are indications that, given the creation of a separate ISO coding for Svalbard, it was the preference of the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs to include Jan Mayen. [ [http://www.unece.org/stats/documents/1998/03/migration/5.e.pdf "Country classifications in migration statistics"] - Statistics Norway working paper, 1998.]

The ISO designation is congruent with an equivalent United Nations Statistics Division category and users of these classification systems may in some cases report separately for "Svalbard and Jan Mayen" instead of rolling up this information into the "Norway" category. [ [http://www.un.org/Depts/Cartographic/english/geoinfo/geoname.pdf UN List of Territories] ] [ [http://www.un.org/depts/dhl/maplib/countinfo.htm#Svalbard%20and%20Jan%20Mayen%20Islands United Nations Dag Hammarskjöld Library] ] [ [http://www.statoids.com/usj.html Statoids: Svalbard and Jan Mayen] ]

By virtue of the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code 'SJ', Svalbard and Jan Mayen were grouped together and allocated the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) .sj. However, residents of Svalbard and Jan Mayen use .no, Norway's ccTLD, while .sj remains unused. [ [http://www.norid.no/domenenavnbaser/bv-sj.html Statement on .sj] ]

ee also

*List of special entities recognized by international treaty or agreement

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands — noun Two distinct dependencies of Norway. Official name: Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands …   Wiktionary

  • Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands —   Refer instead to Norway …   International financial encyclopaedia

  • List of mammals in Svalbard and Jan Mayen — This is a list of the mammal species recorded in Svalbard and Jan Mayen. There are 17 mammal species in Svalbard and Jan Mayen, of which 0 are critically endangered, 3 are endangered, 3 are vulnerable, and 0 are near threatened. [This list is… …   Wikipedia

  • Svalbard y Jan Mayen — Bandera de Noruega, utilizada para representar a Svalbard y Jan Mayen …   Wikipedia Español

  • Jan Mayen — NASA satellite image of Jan Mayen, Beerenberg covered with snow Geography Location …   Wikipedia

  • Jan-Mayen — Île Jan Mayen Île Jan Mayen …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jan Mayen — Île Jan Mayen Île Jan Mayen …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jan Mayen — /yahn muy euhn/ a volcanic island in the Arctic Ocean between Greenland and Norway: a possession of Norway. 144 sq. mi. (373 sq. km). * * * Jan Mayen Introduction Jan Mayen Background: This desolate, mountainous island was named after a Dutch… …   Universalium

  • Jan Mayen — /jæn ˈmaɪɛn/ (say yan muyen) noun a volcanic island in the Arctic Ocean between Greenland and Norway; a Norwegian dependent territory, administered jointly with Svalbard. 373 km2 …   Australian English dictionary

  • Île Jan Mayen — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Mayen (homonymie). Île Jan Mayen …   Wikipédia en Français


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