- Svalbard and Jan Mayen
:"This article is about the collective term "Svalbard and Jan Mayen" as defined by the ISO. For details of the two separate territories, see
Svalbardand Jan Mayenrespectively."
Svalbard and Jan Mayen is a statistical designation defined by
ISO 3166-1[ [http://www.iso.org/iso/en/prods-services/iso3166ma/02iso-3166-code-lists/list-en1.html ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code elements] ] of two parts of Norwaylocated in the Arctic Oceanunder separate jurisdictions: Svalbardand Jan Mayen. While the two are combined for the purposes of the ISO category, they are not administratively related.
While the Arctic archipelago of
Svalbardis under the full sovereigntyof Norway, it has a special status recognized by the Svalbard Treaty, [ [http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/other/dfat/treaties/1925/10.html Treaty Concerning the Archipalego of Spitsbergen] ] resulting in certain obligations and some differences in administration and international agreements by the Norwegian government. For instance, Svalbard is not covered by the Schengen Agreement, which applies to the rest of Norway (including Jan Mayen). Immigrants may also work and live in Svalbard without a visa. [ [http://english.aljazeera.net/English/archive/archive?ArchiveId=24223 Immigrants warmly welcomed, by Al Jazeera] ] Svalbard is administered by a governor reporting to the Norwegian Minister of Justice.
The remote island of
Jan Mayenis an integrated territory of Norway, and it has none of the special considerations applicable to Svalbard. From 1930 to 1994 it was administered by the governor of Svalbard, and since 1995 it has been administered from the mainland by the county governor of Nordland. [ [http://www.worldstatesmen.org/Norway.htm Norway information] ] Therefore, Jan Mayen does not have any immediate geographic (with the two territories about 1,000 km apart) or otherwise administrative connection to Svalbard.
There are indications that, given the creation of a separate ISO coding for Svalbard, it was the preference of the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs to include Jan Mayen. [ [http://www.unece.org/stats/documents/1998/03/migration/5.e.pdf "Country classifications in migration statistics"] - Statistics Norway working paper, 1998.]
ISOdesignation is congruent with an equivalent United Nations Statistics Divisioncategory and users of these classification systems may in some cases report separately for "Svalbard and Jan Mayen" instead of rolling up this information into the "Norway" category. [ [http://www.un.org/Depts/Cartographic/english/geoinfo/geoname.pdf UN List of Territories] ] [ [http://www.un.org/depts/dhl/maplib/countinfo.htm#Svalbard%20and%20Jan%20Mayen%20Islands United Nations Dag Hammarskjöld Library] ] [ [http://www.statoids.com/usj.html Statoids: Svalbard and Jan Mayen] ]
By virtue of the
ISO 3166-1 alpha-2code 'SJ', Svalbard and Jan Mayen were grouped together and allocated the Internet country code top-level domain( ccTLD) .sj. However, residents of Svalbard and Jan Mayen use .no, Norway's ccTLD, while .sj remains unused. [ [http://www.norid.no/domenenavnbaser/bv-sj.html Statement on .sj] ]
List of special entities recognized by international treaty or agreement
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Look at other dictionaries:
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands — noun Two distinct dependencies of Norway. Official name: Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands … Wiktionary
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Jan Mayen — /yahn muy euhn/ a volcanic island in the Arctic Ocean between Greenland and Norway: a possession of Norway. 144 sq. mi. (373 sq. km). * * * Jan Mayen Introduction Jan Mayen Background: This desolate, mountainous island was named after a Dutch… … Universalium
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Île Jan Mayen — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Mayen (homonymie). Île Jan Mayen … Wikipédia en Français