img_coa = Udine-Stemma.png
official_name = Comune di Udine
province = Udine (UD)
elevation_m = 113
area_total_km2 = 56
December 31, 2007
population_total = 97880
population_density_km2 = 1740
timezone = CET, UTC+1
coordinates = coord|46|04|N|13|14|E
frazioni = see list
telephone = 0432
postalcode = 33100
gentilic = Udinesi
saint = Sts. Ermacoras and Fortunatus
mayor = Furio Honsell
name = Udine
image_caption = Piazza San Giacomo
mapx = 46.066667
mapy = 13.233333
website = [http://www.comune.udine.it www.comune.udine.it]
Udine (Friulian "Udin", Slovene "Videm", German "Weiden", Latin "Utinum") is a city in northeastern
Italy, in the middle of Friuli-Venezia Giuliaregion, between the Adriaticsea and the Alps(Alpi Carniche), less than 40 km from the Slovenian border. Its population was 97,880 in 2007, and that of its urban area was 171,000.
Udine is the historical capital of
Friuli. The area has been inhabited since the Neolithicage, and was later, most likely, settled by Celts [http://www.udine.in/storiaecultura.htm] . After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, the area increased of importance after the decline of Aquileiaand afterwards of Cividalealso. In 983AD Udine is mentioned for the first time, with the donation of the "Utinum" castle by emperor Otto II to the Patriarchs of Aquileia, then the main feudal lords of the region. In 1223, with the foundation of the market, the city became finally the most important in the area for economy and trades, and also became the Patriarch's seat.
1420it was conquered by the Republic of Venice. In 1511it was the seat of a short civil war, which was followed by an earthquake and a plague. Udine remained under Venetian control until 1797, being the second largest city in the state. After the short French domination which ensued, it was part of the Austrian-puppet Lombardy-VenetiaKingdom, and was included in the newly formed Kingdom of Italy in 1866.During World War I, after the defeat in the battle of Caporetto, Udine became the seat of the Italian High Command and was nicknamed "Capitale della Guerra" ("War Capital"). After the war it was made capital of a short-lived province ("Provincia del Friuli") which included the current provinces of Gorizia, Pordenone and Udine. After September 8 1943, when Italy surrendered to the Allies in World War II, the city was under direct German administration, which ceased in April 1945.
In 2007, there were 97,880 people residing in Udine itself(whereas the greater area has a population double its size), located in the province of Udine,
Friuli Venezia Giulia, of whom 46.9% were male and 53.1% were female. Minors (children ages 18 and younger) totalled 14.36 percent of the population compared to pensioners who number 24.27 percent. This compares with the Italian average of 18.06 percent (minors) and 19.94 percent (pensioners). The average age of Udine residents is 47 compared to the Italian average of 42. In the five years between 2002 and 2007, the population of Udine grew by 1.48 percent, while Italyas a whole grew by 3.56 percent. [http://demo.istat.it/bil2002/index.html] [http://demo.istat.it/bil2007/index.html] The current birth rate of Udine is 9.13 births per 1,000 inhabitants compared to the Italian average of 9.45 births.
As of 2006, 90.90% of the population was of Italian descent. The largest immigrant group came from other
European nations (particularly those from Albania, Romaniaand Serbia): 5.37%, followed by sub-saharan Africa(mostly from Ghana): 1.65%, and North African: 0.77%. Approximately 1 in 5 babies born in Udine has at least one foreign parent in which Albanian and Romanianbirths constitute the largest.
The old residence of the patriarchs of Aquileia was erected by
Giovanni Fontanain 1517in place of the older one destroyed by an earthquake in 1511. Under the Austrians it was used as a prison. In the cathedral archives was formerly preserved a recast of the Visigothic code of laws in a manuscript known as the "Codex Utinensis", which was fortunately printed before it was lost. (See Breviary of Alaric).
In the 1550s
Andrea Palladioerected some buildings in Udine. The church of "Santa Maria della Purità" has 18th-century frescoes by Giambattista Tiepoloand his son Domenico.
The church dedicated to St. Mary of the Castle is probably the oldest in Udine, judging from extant fragments dating back to the Lombard era. It lost its parish status in 1263, when it was annexed to the larger parish of Saint'Odorico (now the Cathedral). It has been renovated many times over the centuries: the façade, for example, was entirely rebuilt after the catastrophic earthquake of 1511. Its three naves preserve the suggestive atmosphere of silence and contemplation, which is often found in old churches. The Venetian Governor, Tommaso Lippomano, commissioned the Venetian Gothic
porticowith steps and ramps leading down the hill in 1487.
In the principal square (Piazza della Libertà) stands the town hall ("Loggia del Lionello") built in 1448-1457 in the Venetian-Gothic style opposite a clock tower (Torre dell’Orologio) resembling that of the
Piazza San Marcoat Venice. It was begun in 1448 on a project by Nicolò Lionello, a local goldsmith, and was rebuilt following a fire in 1876. The new design was projected by the architect Andrea Scala.
Opposite the Loggia del Lionello is the Loggia di San Giovanni, a Renaissance structure designed by Bernardino da Morcote. Other noteworthy monuments in the square are the Fountain by
Giovanni Carrara, an architect from Bergamo (1542); the Columns bearing the Venetian Lion and the Statue of Justice (1614), the statues of Hercules and Cacus and the Statue of Peace (1819) which was donated to Udine by Emperor Francis I to commemorate the peace Treaty of Campoformido.
The Cathedral of Udine is an imposing edifice whose construction started in 1236, on a Latin cross-shaped plan with three naves and chapels along the sides. The church was consecrated in 1335 as "Santa Maria Maggiore". At the beginning of th 18th century a radical transformation project involving both the exterior and the interior was undertaken at the request and expense of the
Maninfamily. The Baroque interior has monumental dimensions and contains many works of art by Tiepolo, Amalteo, and Ludovico Dorigny. On the ground floor of the bell tower (built from 1441 over the ancient baptistry) is a chapel which is completely adorned with frescoes by Vitale da Bologna(1349).
The center of Udine is dominated by the Castle, built by the Venetians from 1517 over a Lombard fortification ruined by an earthquake in 1511. The current Renaissance appearance dates from the intervention of Giovanni da Udine, who finished the works starting from 1547. The castle houses one of the most ancient Parliament Halls of Europe.
Other points of interest
Orto Botanico Friulano, a botanical garden
Parco Botanico Friulano "Cormor", a park and botanical garden
Udine has a university, the "Università degli studi di Udine". The archbishop's
palaceand the Museo Civico have quite important paintings.The city has a theater, the Teatro Giovanni da Udine.
Important festivals include the wine-and-food September festival,
Friuli D.O.C., and the biggest European festival of popular East Asian cinema, the Far East Film Festival, in April.
asteroid (33100 Udine) was named in honor of the city.
Udine is important for commerce, there are several commercial centers in the hinterland. There are also iron and mechanical industries.
The local football club is called
Udinese Calcio, founded in 1896, and plays in the highest Italian league (" Serie A").Take a tour in friulian language with [http://www.sommarti.com/udinese.html Fuarce Udin] and the udinese fans
Esslingen am Neckar, Germany
*flagicon|France Vienne, France
Neath Port Talbot, United Kingdom
*flagicon|Canada Windsor, Canada
Giovanni Martini da Udine, a High Renaissance architect who worked in Rome and pupil of Raphael.
* [http://www.comune.udine.it Udine homepage]
* [http://www.uniud.it University of Udine]
* [http://udine3d.uniud.it Udine in 3D]
* [http://www.sommarti.com/udinese.html The soccer song Fuarce Udin]
* [http://www.udineis.org Udine International School]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Udine — Udine … Deutsch Wikipedia
Udine — Bandera … Wikipedia Español
Udĭne  — Udĭne, 1) Delegation des lombardisch venetianischen Königreichs Friaul; 2) Hauptstadt darin, am Kanäle La Roja u. an der Eisenbahn Triest Mestre Venedig; Sitz der Delegationsbehörden u. eines Erzbischofs, aus einer äußeren u. inneren Stadt… … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Udĭne  — Udĭne, ital. Provinz in Venetien, grenzt an Österreich, das Adriatische Meer und die Provinzen Venedig, Treviso und Belluno, umfaßt 6582 qkm (119,5 QM.) mit (1901) 592,592 Einw. (90 auf 1 qkm; 1906 auf 620,052 berechnet) und zerfällt in 17… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Udĭne  — Udĭne, Hauptstadt der gleichnamigen ital. Provinz (s. oben), 108 m ü. M., an dem vom Torre ausgehenden Kanal Roggia, an den Eisenbahnen Cormons Venedig, U. Pontebba und Cividale Sangiorgio, mit Dampfstraßenbahn nach San Daniele, hat eine… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Udine  — Udĭne, Giovanni da, ital. Dekorationsmaler, geb. 1487 zu Udine, gest. 1564; dekorativ im grotesken Stil bei Raffaels Wandmalereien tätig … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Udine — hat Gärten ohne Blumen, Festung ohne Kanonen, Brunnen ohne Wasser und Adel ohne Diplom. It.: Udine giardini senza fiori, castello senza cannoni, fontane senz acqua, nobilità senza creanza. (Giani, 1664.) … Deutsches Sprichwörter-Lexikon
Udĭne  — Udĭne, Giov. da, s. Johann 330) … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Udine — Udĭne, Hauptstadt der oberital. Prov. U. (6582 qkm, 1905: 614.440 E.; Venetien) und des ehemal. venezian. Friaul, am Kanal Roja, (1901) 37.942 E., roman. Dom, erzbischöfl. Palast, altes Kastell (jetzt Kaserne); Seidenindustrie … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Udine — Udine, Hauptstadt der gleichnamigen Provinz des lombard. venetian. Königreichs, früher des venetian. Friaul, zur Römerzeit Forum Julii, ist Bischofssitz, hat schöne Kathedrale, wissenschaftliche u. wohlthätige Anstalten, schöne Campo Santo,… … Herders Conversations-Lexikon
Udine — • The capital of a province and archdiocese in Friuli, northern Italy Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 … Catholic encyclopedia