- Empress Dowager Dong
Empress Dowager Dong (董太后, personal name unknown), formally Empress Xiaocheng (孝成皇后) (died 189) was an
empress dowagerduring Han Dynasty-- even though she was never empress, because she became mother to an emperor (Emperor Ling). She was blamed for contributing to her son's decadent rule which contributed much to the Han Dynasty's downfall.
The future Empress Dowager Dong was from Hejian Commandery (roughly modern
Baoding, Hebei). She was the wife of Liu Chang (劉萇), the hereditary Marquess of Jieduting -- who had a small fief that consisted either one or at most a few villages, and therefore, despite her husband's nobility status, she was unlikely to have lived in luxury. She gave birth to his heir, Liu Hong (劉宏) in 156. It is not clear whether she had other children. By 168, Marquess Chang was no longer living, and Hong was Marquess of Jieduting.
As empress dowager
In 168, for reasons no longer clear, after Emperor Huan died without an heir, Emperor Huan's wife Empress Dowager Dou selected Marquess Hong to be emperor (as Emperor Ling). He did not honor her as an empress dowager, but rather as an imperial consort. In 169 (after Empress Dowager Dou's clan, including her father
Dou Wu, was slaughtered by eunuchs), Emperor Ling welcomed his mother to the capital Luoyangand honored her as an empress dowager, although he also continued to honor Empress Dowager Dou (who was put under house arrest by the eunuchs) as empress dowager. Not until Empress Dowager Dou's death in 172 did Empress Dowager Dong appear to be firm in her title and become involved in politics.
Empress Dowager Dong was said to have heavily encouraged Emperor Ling in his sales of offices for money, a system that highly damaged the Han civil service system and caused great corruption throughout the empire.
In 181, after Emperor Ling's second son Liu Xie (劉協) was born to Consort Wang, Emperor Ling's wife Empress He poisoned Consort Wang. Empress Dowager Dong took Prince Xie and raised him herself, and he was therefore known by the circumspect title "Marquess Dong" (both he and his older brother Liu Bian (劉辯) were referred to as marquesses due to superstitions that evil spirits were aiming to kill the emperor's sons). Empress Dowager Dong favored Prince Xie and often encouraged Emperor LIng to create him
crown princeover his older brother, which caused great discord between her and her daughter-in-law, Empress He.
As grand empress dowager and death
In 189, Emperor Ling died without designating an heir. Despite the machinations of his trusted eunuch Jian Shuo (寋碩) to make Prince Xie emperor, Empress He and her brother
He Jinwere able to put Prince Bian on the throne. Empress He became empress dowager, and she and He Jin began to control the government. Empress Dowager Dong (now grand empress dowager) and her nephew Dong Chong (董重) formed a rival faction at court, and she often argued with Empress Dowager He, once threatening to have Dong Chong decapitate He Jin. He Jin took preemptive action and had Empress Dowager He issue an edict exiling her mother-in-law back to Hejian (in modern Baoding, Hebei), where her husband's fief was and Dong Chong arrested. Dong Chong committed suicide, and Grand Empress Dowager Dong died soon thereafter -- with most historical accounts concluding that she died from fear, but some suggested that she committed suicide. Later that year, after Empress Dowager He was overthrown by Dong Zhuo(no relations to her), her wishes of having Prince Xie be emperor did come true, as Dong Zhuo deposed the young emperor and placed Prince Xie on the throne (as Emperor Xian), but that only speeded the downfall of the dynasty, as Emperor Xian, through no fault of his own, would never have any real power and would eventually be forced to yield his throne to Cao Piin 220.
Personages of the Three Kingdoms
Records of Three Kingdoms"
Romance of the Three Kingdoms"
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Empress Dowager Cixi — 慈禧太后 Regent of the Qing Dynasty Regency 11 November 1861 – 15 November 1908 ( 1000000000000004700000047 years, 100000000000000040000004 days … Wikipedia
Empress Dowager Wang (Xiao Dong) — Empress Dowager Wang (王太后, personal name unknown) was briefly an empress dowager of the Chinese dynasty Liang Dynasty. She was the wife of Xiao Huan (蕭歡), Prince An of Yuzhang, a grandson of the dynasty s founder Emperor Wu through his first… … Wikipedia
Empress Dowager Wang — may refer to:*Empress Dowager Wang (Xiao Dong), empress dowager of the Chinese Liang Dynasty *Empress Dowager Wang Baoming, empress dowager of the Chinese dynasty Southern Qi *Empress Dowager Wang Yuanji, empress dowager during the Jin Dynasty… … Wikipedia
Empress He (Ling) — Empress He (何皇后, personal name unknown) (died 189), formally Empress Lingsi (靈思皇后, literally, the unattentive and deep thinking empress ) was an empress during Han Dynasty. She was Emperor Ling s second wife. Along with her brother He Jin, she… … Wikipedia
Empress Dou Miao — (竇妙) (died 172), formally Empress Huansi (literally, the diligent and deep thinking empress ), was an empress during Han Dynasty. She was the third wife of Emperor Huan. After his death in 168, she served as regent for his successor Emperor Ling … Wikipedia
Empress Dong — may refer to:*Empress Dong (Ran Min), wife of Ran Min, emperor of Chinese state Ran Wei *Empress Dowager Dong, empress dowager during Han Dynasty … Wikipedia
Empress Yang Zhi — (楊芷) (259 292), courtesy name Jilan (季蘭), nickname Nanyin (男胤), formally Empress Wudao (武悼皇后, literally the martial and fearful empress ) was an empress of Jin Dynasty (265 420). She was Emperor Wu s second wife and cousin to his first wife,… … Wikipedia
Dong Xian — Born 23 BC Died 1 BC Occupation Commander of the armed forces Spouse Married Partner Emperor Ai of Han Dong Xian ( … Wikipedia
Dong Fuxiang — Born 董福祥 1839 Gansu … Wikipedia
Empress Jia Nanfeng — (賈南風) (257 300), nickname Shi (時), of the Jin Dynasty (265 420) was the daughter of Jia Chong and first wife of Emperor Hui. She is commonly seen as a villainous figure in Chinese history, as the person who provoked the War of the Eight Princes,… … Wikipedia