Burrill Bernard Crohn


Burrill Bernard Crohn

Infobox_Scientist
name = Burrill Bernard Crohn


image_width = 150px
caption =
birth_date = birth date|1884|6|13|mf=y
birth_place = New York
death_date = death date and age|1983|7|29|1884|6|13|mf=y
death_place = Connecticut
residence =
citizenship =
nationality = USA
ethnicity =
field = Gastroenterology
work_institution = Mount Sinai Hospital, New York
alma_mater =
doctoral_advisor =
doctoral_students =
known_for = Crohn's disease
author_abbreviation_bot =
author_abbreviation_zoo =
prizes =
religion =
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Burrill Bernard Crohn (June 13, 1884 in New YorkJuly 29, 1983 in Connecticut) was an American gastroenterologist and one of the first to describe the disease of which he is the namesake, Crohn's disease.

Life and work

In 1932, Dr. Crohn and his two colleagues, Dr. Leon Ginzburg and Dr. Gordon D. Oppenheimer, published an important paper describing the features of the then relatively unknown condition. They described fourteen cases, characterizing Crohn's disease as "Terminal Ileitis: A new clinical entity"; the description was changed to "Regional ileitis" on publication. It is by virtue of alphabetization rather than contribution that Crohn's name appeared as first author: because this was the first time the condition was reported in a widely-read journal, and the disease has come to be known as Crohn's Disease for reasons of publicity rather than precedence.

At the time he described the disease, Crohn was a practitioner and usually admitted his patients to the Mount Sinai Hospital in New York for their operations. Crohn gradually became more attached to the Mount Sinai Hospital, where he worked with the neurologist Bernard Sachs (1858-1944). There he soon built a very large and successful reception for patients with granulomatous enterocolitis and eventually was made chief of the department of gastroenterology. As such he was highly respected through all of his professional career and received numerous patients from all over the USA, some even from Europe.

Some of his initial research into the causes of the disease was centered around his personal conviction that it was caused by the same pathogen, a bacterium called "Mycobacterium paratuberculosis", responsible for the similar condition that afflicts cattle called Johne's disease. However he was unable to isolate the pathogen (most likely due to the fact that "M. paratuberculosis" sheds its cellular wall in humans and takes the form of a spheroplast, making it virtually undetectable under optical microscope). This theory has resurfaced in recent years and has been lent more credence with the arrival of more sophisticated methods of identifying MAP bacteria.

After retirement, Crohn moved to a mansion-like building situated in the interior of Connecticut. He spent his later years rather like a recluse, as all communications were handled by the Department of Public Relations at the Mount Sinai Hospital. As the hospital's greatest PR-asset, Crohn was treated with great respect.

References

*German language Wikipedia: [http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Burrill_Crohn Burrill Crohn] . Retrieved October 28, 2005.

Persondata
NAME= Crohn, Burrill Bernard
ALTERNATIVE NAMES=
SHORT DESCRIPTION=American gastroenterologist
DATE OF BIRTH= June 13, 1884
PLACE OF BIRTH= New York
DATE OF DEATH= July 29, 1983
PLACE OF DEATH= Connecticut


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  • Burrill Bernard Crohn — (né le 13 juin 1884 à New York, mort le 29 juillet 1983 dans le Connecticut) était un gastro entérologue américain. Il a donné son nom à la maladie de Crohn. Biographie En 1932, Crohn et deux collègues, Leon Ginzburg et Gordon …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Burrill Bernard Crohn — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Burrill Bernard Crohn (Nueva York, 13 de junio de 1884 Connecticut, 29 de julio de 1983) fue un gastroenterólogo estadounidense. Fue uno de los primeros en describir la que en su nombre se llamó enfermedad de Crohn… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Burrill Bernard Crohn — Burrill Bernhard Crohn (* 13. Juni 1884 in New York; † 29. Juli 1983 in Connecticut) war Arzt und der Erstbeschreiber des Morbus Crohn. Crohn war der Enkel jüdischer Einwanderer, die in den Wirren der Zeit nach der Revolution von 1848 in… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Burrill Bernard Crohn — noun United States physician who specialized in diseases of the intestines; he was the first to describe regional ileitis which is now known as Crohn s disease (1884 1983) • Syn: ↑Crohn • Instance Hypernyms: ↑doctor, ↑doc, ↑physician, ↑MD, ↑Dr.,… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Burrill Bernard Crohn — n. (1884 1983) USA gastroenterologist who specialized in diseases of the intestines (Crohn s disease name after him) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • CROHN, BURRILL BERNARD — (1884–1983), U.S. physician. Crohn was born in New York City and graduated as an M.D. from Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons (1906). He was gastro enterologist and head of the department of gastro enterology at New York s… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Burrill Crohn — Burrill Bernard Crohn Burrill Bernard Crohn (né le 13 juin 1884 à New York, mort le 29 juillet 1983 dans le Connecticut) était un gastro entérologue américain. Il a donné son nom à la maladie de Crohn. Biographie En 1932,… …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • Crohn's disease — Crohn s′ disease [[t]kroʊnz[/t]] n. pat a chronic inflammatory bowel disease that causes scarring and thickening of the intestinal walls and frequently leads to obstruction Also called ileitis • Etymology: after Burrill Bernard Crohn (1884–1983) …   From formal English to slang

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