- Faust (band)
Infobox musical artist
Name = Faust
Img_capt = Faust performing in
Manchester, UK, 11 May 2007. From the left: Jean-Hervé Péronand Werner "Zappi" Diermaier. Off-camera: Amaury Cambuzat and Zoë Skoulding.
Landscape = yes
Background = group_or_band
Years_active = 1971–present
Krautrock, Experimental rock
Label = Art-errorist
URL = [http://www.faust-pages.com The Faust Pages]
Werner "Zappi" Diermaier Hans Joachim Irmler Jean-Hervé Péron
Rudolf Sosna Gunter Wüsthoff Arnulf Meifert
Faust is a German
krautrockband, originally composed of Werner "Zappi" Diermaier, Hans Joachim Irmler, Arnulf Meifert, Jean-Hervé Péron, Rudolf Sosnaand Gunter Wüsthoff, working with producer Uwe Nettelbeckand engineer Kurt Graupner.
The group formed in 1971 in the rural setting of
Wümme. They secured a lucrative record deal with Polydorand soon began recording their debut, "Faust", which sold poorly but received critical acclaim for its innovative approach and established a devoted fanbase. Faust became one of the premier bands in the international appreciation of the genre that would eventually be known as krautrock.
Faust became one of the first acts to sign to
Richard Branson's Virgin Records, who embarked on a marketing campaign somewhat daring for its time, aimed at introducing Faust to UK record-buyers in as big a way as possible. " The Faust Tapes" was a cut-and-paste album which spliced together a large number of bits and pieces from their extensive collection of private recordings, not originally intended for release, but widely regarded today as their finest work. Virgin issued it at the then price of a single, 48 UK pence (they did the same the following year with Gong's "Camembert Electrique" album except that by then the price of a single had gone up to 59 pence). "The Faust Tapes" reportedly sold over 100,000 copies but its low price tag rendered it ineligible for a chart placing.
Faust broke up in 1975 after Virgin had rejected their fifth album (some of the recordings later appeared on the "Munich and Elsewhere" album), but reissues of their recordings and various additional material through
Chris Cutler's Recommended Recordsmaintained a level of interest.
Faust experimented with the presentation of some of their records. Their first album was originally on clear vinyl in a clear sleeve with an X-ray of a human fist silkscreened on the outer sleeve ("faust" is German for "fist"). The second album, "So Far" made extensive use of black, though inside the sleeve were sheets with one illustration for each song. "The Faust Tapes" had a visually disturbing
op artcover design by Bridget Riley, while that for Faust IVconsisted of a series of blank music staves. The impact of these designs is largely lost in CD reissues.
After Faust's breakup, the group's whereabouts were unknown; the Recommended Records catalogues talked about the group's "disappearance". The official website lists three concerts during the 1980's, and the "Patchwork" album, a compilation of outtakes, feature three snippets that were recorded in the 80's, but apart from that, the group's activities between 1975 and 1990 remain shrouded in mystery.
In 1990, members Irmler, Diermaier and Péron reunited for performances. In 1994, Péron and Diermaier toured the
United Statesfor the first time, assisted by Steven Wray Lobdell. They have continued to perform in various combinations and with various additional musicians ever since.
In the booklet for "The Wumme Years" box set, Péron announced that Sosna had died on November the 10th 1996. Gunter Wüsthoff has not taken part in any of the reunions. Diermaier has always been behind the drum kit. Irmler was present, but contributed little to the reunited groups' first concerts, and did not participate in the 1994 US tour, but took a more active role after that, producing the groups' records and releasing them on his Klangbad label. He also compiled and edited the "Patchwork" album.
In 1996, Diermaier and Péron meet
Olivier Manchionand Amaury Cambuzat (Ulan Bator). They performed for the first time together as "Collectif Met(z)" in November 1996 (this quartet is the basis of an actual Faust line-up and this concert is part of a 2005 release). A few days after, Faust performed at the Garage in London and at the Transmusicales de Rennes, featuring Chris Cutler.
Péron left the group in June 1997. From mid-1997 to 2004, Faust tours as Zappi W. Diermaier, Hans Joachim Irmler, Steven Wray Lobdell, Lars Paukstat, Michael Stoll.
Diermaier and "art-errorist" Péron rejoined in 2004 by immediately recording "Trial and Error", a DVD released in 2007 by Fuenfundvierzig Label. Zappi proposed to Péron to start a "new" Faust together with Olivier Manchion and Amaury Cambuzat from Ulan Bator. Diermaier/Péron's new Faust made their debut at the Art-Errorist Avant Garde festival in
Schiphorst, Germany, where they also presented a new release entitled "Collectif Met(z)", a collection of live, new and unreleased songs. This incarnation of the group has been extremely active, releasing several CD-Rs and DVD-Rs and touring extensively, including a very successful autumn 2005 UK tour, released in 2007 as "... In Autumn" by Dirter. This release also features ex Henry Cowsaxophonist/flautist Geoff Leigh, vocalist Lucianne Lassalle, poet Zoë Skouldingand the members of the Welsh group Ectogram. In April 2007 the trio of Diermaier, Péron and Cambuzat performed at a Rock in Oppositionfestival in Francein April 2007. [ cite web |url=http://www.rocktime.org/rio/english.htm |title=Rock In Opposition: France Event - April 13th, 14th & 15th 2007 |work=RockTime.org |accessdate=2007-12-27 ] The trio also recorded a new album entitled "disconnected" which was mixed by Steven Stapletonand Colin Potter of Nurse With Wound. It was released to tie in with the 2007 Schiphorst Avant Garde festival in July 2007.
Faust now exists in two completely different incarnations, both active and each reflecting different aspects of the original group.
Uwe Nettelbeck, Faust's creator and producer, died
17 January 2007. [ cite web |url=http://www.guardian.co.uk/obituaries/story/0,,2011628,00.html |title=Obituary: Uwe Nettelbeck |work=Guardian Unlimited |first=J |last=Boyd |accessdate=2007-12-27 ]
Wümmeyears, Diermaier and Péron played on Slapp Happy's first two albums, " Sort Of" ( 1972) and " Acnalbasac Noom" ( 1973) which were also produced by Uwe Nettelbeck. Slapp Happy's Peter Blegvadhad played with Faust in Wümmeand subsequently toured with them in the UK. That tour also featured Uli Trepte, who had performed with Guru Guruand Neu!.
In extreme contrast with Slapp Happy's song-based music, in
1972Péron, Sosna and Diermaier also collaborated with the violinist Tony Conradon an album entitled " Outside the Dream Syndicate"; the record was released at a low price in the UK and was at the time one of the few available examples of drone-based minimalism. A live recording from 1995 of a later concert, entitled "Outside The Dream Syndicate Alive" featuring Tony Conrad, Zappi & Jean-Hervé of Faust and Jim O'Rourke was released in Autumn 2005. This recording is considered by many to be more successful than the 1972 studio version with Jean-Hervé playing so hard he snaps a bass string and shreds his fingers.
Faust also collaborated with New Jersey avant-garde hip-hop crew
Dälekfor the album "Derbe Respect, Alder" with surprising success in 2004.
As previously mentioned, Faust also collaborated with
Nurse with Woundon the "disconnected" album.
Faust at a RIO festival in France, April 2007
* "Faust" (1971)
Faust So Far" (1972)
The Faust Tapes" (1973)
Outside the Dream Syndicate" (1973) – collaboration with Tony Conrad
Faust IV" (1974)
* "Faust 5" (1975) – Virgin Records promotional cassette
* "Munich and Elsewhere" (1987) – compilation of unreleased material
* "The Last LP" (1988) – also known as "The Faust Party Album"
* "Faust Concerts, Volume 1: Live in Hamburg, 1990" (1994)
* "Faust Concerts, Volume 2: Live in London, 1992" (1994)
* "Rien" (1995)
* "You Know FaUSt" (1996)
* "BBC Sessions/Kisses for Pythagoras" LP Lmt. Ed. (1996)
* "Untitled" (1996) – compilation of live and studio material
* "Edinburgh 1997" [live] (1997)
* "Faust Wakes Nosferatu" (1998) – the CD and vinyl editions contain completely different music
* "Ravvivando" (1999)
* "Land of Ukko & Rauni" [live] (2000)
* "Freispiel" (2002) – remixes of "Ravviviando"
* "Patchwork" (2002)
* "Derbe Respect, Adler" (2004) – collaboration with
* "Outside the Dream Syndicate - Alive" (2005) – collaboration with
* "Collectif Met(z)" (2005) – 3 CDs box + video CD
* "Impressions" (2006) – DVD
* "Nobody Knows if it Ever Happened" (2007) – DVD
* "... In Autumn" (2007) – 3 CDs box + 1 DVD
* "Trial and Error" (2007) – DVD
* "Disconnected" (2007) – studio album with
Nurse with Wound
* "Od Serca Do Duszy" (2007) – 2xCD
Überschall 1996" (1996) – split single with Stereolaband Foetus
* "Munich and Elsewhere" (1986)
* "The Last LP: Faust Party No. 3, 1971-1972" (1988)
* "71 Minutes of Faust" (1996) Compilation of material from the above two
* "Faust/Faust So Far" (2000)
* "The Wumme Years: 1970-1973" (2000)
* "BBC Sessions +" (2001)
* "Patchwork 1971-2002" (2004)
*"Faust: Stretch Out Time 1970-1975". Andy Wilson. Mute / The Faust-Pages, 2006. ISBN 0-9550664-5-X.
Krautrocksampler". Julian Cope. Head Heritage 1997
*The Wumme Years: 1970-1973 - accompanying booklet 2000
* [http://www.faust-pages.com The Faust Pages]
* [http://www.art-errorist.de/ jean-hervé péron]
* [http://www.zappi-w-diermaier.com/ zappi diermaier]
* [http://www.klangbad.de/ hans-joachim irmler]
* [http://www.oc-tv.net/en/movies/faust--band.htm Video Report on OC-TV.net]
* [http://logofact.de/c_80/p_00_whoi.html Gunther Wüsthoff]
*allmusicguide | id = 11:bl5a8qxtbtv4 | label = Faust
* [http://www.scaruffi.com/vol3/faust.html Faust] at
Piero Scaruffi's "The History of Rock Music"
* [http://www.enotes.com/contemporary-musicians/faust-biography Faust] at enotes.com
* [http://www.spoonfed.co.uk/spooners/robin-213/faust-cargo-2-september-2008-453/ Official Review of Faust] at Cargo in London on September 8, 2008
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