- British Academy Television Awards
name = British Academy Television Awards
imagesize = 168px
caption = British Academy Television Awards Logo
description = The best in television
presenter = British Academy of Film and Television Arts
country = UK
year = 1954
website = http://www.bafta.org/The British Academy Television Awards, also known as the BAFTAs — or, to differentiate them from the BAFTA Film Awards, the BAFTA Television Awards — are the most prestigious awards given in the British
televisionindustry, analogous to the Emmy Awardsin the United States. Presented by the British Academy of Film and Television Arts, they have been awarded annually since 1954.
The first ever Awards, given in 1954, consisted of six categories. Until 1958, they were awarded by the
Guild of Television Producers and Directors. From 1958 onwards, after the Guild had merged with the British Film Academy, the organisation was known as the Society of Film and Television Arts. In 1976, this became the British Academy of Film and Television Arts, the name the organisation goes under still as of 2007.
From 1968 until 1997, the BAFTA Film and Television awards were presented in one joint ceremony known simply as the BAFTA Awards, but in order to streamline the ceremonies from 1998 onwards they were split in two. The Television Awards are usually presented in April, with a separate ceremony for the Television Craft Awards on a different date. The Craft Awards are presented for more technical areas of the industry, such as special effects, production design, or costumes.
The Awards are only open to British programmes — with the exception of the audience-voted Pioneer Award — but any cable, satellite, terrestrial or
digital televisionstations broadcasting in the UK are eligible to submit entries, as are independent production companies who have produced programming for the channels. Individual performances, such as from actors, can either be entered by the performers themselves or by the broadcasters. The programmes being entered must have been broadcast on or between 1 January and 31 December of the year preceding the Awards ceremony (so, between January 1 and December 31 2004 for the 2005 Awards). Entry is free, and entry forms are made available between October and December each year.
After all the entries have been received, they are voted for
onlineby all eligible members of the Academy. The programmes and performances attracting the most votes, usually four in each category, are shortlisted as the nominees for each award. The winner is chosen from the four nominees by a special jury of nine academy members for each award, the members of each jury selected by the Academy's Television Committee. Each jury is designed to have a balance in areas such as sex, age and experience, and have experience related to the categories concerned but no direct connections to the short-listed programmes or performers.
There are also a number of non-competitive honorary Awards — the
Dennis PotterAward for Outstanding Writing for Television; the Alan ClarkeAward for Outstanding Creative Contribution to Television; the Richard DimblebyAward for Outstanding Presenter in the Factual Arena; the Fellowship for individuals who have made an outstanding contribution to television across their careers, and various Special Awards given on an ad hocbasis. These Awards are suggested by the Television Committee and awarded by the Academy's Council. They are not necessarily always given every year, but as and when appropriate.
The Awards ceremony is broadcast on British television, usually the day after it has taken place. Transmission alternates each year between the two main UK television channels,
BBC Oneand ITV1.
In 1992 a controversial selection was made in the Best Drama Serial category, when "
Prime Suspect" beat "G.B.H." to win the award.cite news|title=Confusion becomes the Bafta prime suspect|first=Melinda|last=Wittstock|publisher= The Times|date= 1992-04-08|page=1] Following the ceremony, four of the seven voting members of the jury signed a public statement declaring that they had voted for "G.B.H." to win. Irene Shubik, who as chairman did not cast a vote, refused to publicly comment on the affair, but BAFTA Chairman Richard Price stated that the ballot papers passed on to him by Shubik had shown four votes for "Prime Suspect" and three for "G.B.H.". Price claimed that the ballot papers could not be recounted as they had subsequently been destroyed. No blame was ever attached to Shubik by the four judges, and it was to her that they had initially turned to raise the apparent discrepancy with BAFTA.cite news|title=`Fibs' slur incenses Bafta award judges|first=Melinda|last=Wittstock|publisher= The Times|date= 1992-05-02|page=18]
As of 2007, the main competitive Award categories presented every year are:
*Best Comedy (Programme or Series)
stand-up comedyand sketch shows. Judged on the basis of a single episode.
*Best Comedy Performance
*Best Drama Serial
**A drama where one main story is told across more than one episode, and the story is resolved in the final episode.
*Best Drama Series
**A drama which consists of several episodes, but each episode tells a self-contained story, with the same characters continuing across the episodes.
*Best Single Drama
**A drama where one self-contained story is told in a single one-off episode, equivalent to a
television movie. The minimum length is five minutes.
*Best Continuing Drama
**A drama which transmits a minimum of twenty episodes per year. The nominees are typically
*Best Current Affairs - replaced
**The entered programme can be a one-off or part of a series, but if part of a series the same episode may not also be entered in another category. This category was ceased in 2007 due to lack of entrants for the award [http://media.guardian.co.uk/broadcast/story/0,,1983741,00.html ] . However, current affairs programmes can still qualify, but under the category of either Best Single Documentary or Best Factual Series, depending on the genre of the programme. Longlist and nominations for these two categories are expected to expand.
*Best Entertainment Performance
*Best Factual Series or Strand
**For programmes not included in any other category, for example cookery, gardening, lifestyle or discussion programmes.
*Flaherty Award for Single Documentary
**For a one-off documentary not presented as part of a regular series. Entered programmes cannot also be entered in any other category.
*Huw Wheldon Award for Specialist Factual
**Awarded to Arts, History, Natural History or Science one-offs or series, either factual or performance-based. Entered programmes cannot also be entered in any other category.
*Lew Grade Entertainment Programme or Series
**Includes variety shows, game shows, quizzes, chat shows and other similar programming.
**For an individual news programme in its entirety, or up to one hour's unedited. material from a rolling news channel.
*Situation Comedy Award
**For a sports programme, as transmitted.
*The Pioneer Award
**Given to programme makers who have achieved success by novel or pioneering approaches. The short-list for this award is prepared by a vote of national television critics, and the winner voted for by the general public, the only BAFTA Television Award given in such a manner.
**For programmes made outside the
United Kingdomand/or Ireland. The award was originally handed out in the 1990s but was ceased in 1998. It will make its return in 2007 replacing the "Current Affairs" category which will absorb to either Best Factual Series and Best Single Documentary [http://media.guardian.co.uk/broadcast/story/0,,1983741,00.html ] .
Winners and nominees at the British Academy Television Awards and its predecessor ceremonies:
National Television Awards
* [http://www.bafta.org/awards/television/ Official site at BAFTA.org]
* [http://www.bafta.org/awards-database.html BAFTA Awards database]
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