- Muran languages
Muran Ethnicity: Mura people Geographic
Amazon Linguistic classification: Macro-Warpean ?
Muran consists of 4 languages:
- Mura †
- Pirahã (aka Pirahá, Pirahán)
- Bohurá †
- Yahahí †
Most Muran languages, which were spoken by few people, have died out due to the recent expansion of Brazilian Portuguese. Mura, Bohurá, and Yahahí are now extinct, and little linguistic work was done on them before extinction. Pirahã, the one surviving Muran language, is now spoken by only 300 people in eight villages.
Muran is often proposed to be related to Matanawí. Kaufman (1994) also suggests a connection with Huarpe (in his Macro-Warpean proposal).
- Campbell, Lyle. (1997). American Indian languages: The historical linguistics of Native America. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-509427-1.
- Kaufman, Terrence. (1994). The native languages of South America. In C. Mosley & R. E. Asher (Eds.), Atlas of the world's languages (pp. 46–76). London: Routledge.
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