- Demographics of Siberia
Siberia has population density of only three persons per square kilometer. The oblasts with the highest population densities are Chelyabinsk Oblast and Kemerovo Oblast, with 41 and 30 persons per square km, respectively. Koryak Okrug has population density of less than 0.1 per square kilometer.
- Urals Federal District, population ca. 14.4 million
- Kurgan Oblast, population 1.02 million (2002)
- Sverdlovsk Oblast, population 4.49 million (2002)
- Tyumen Oblast, population 3.26 million (2002)
- Chelyabinsk Oblast, population 3.6 million (2002)
- Siberian Federal District , population ca. 20.28 million
- Altai Krai, administrative center — Barnaul, population 2.6 million (2002)
- Altai Republic, capital — Gorno-Altaisk, population 202,947 (2002)
- Buryat Republic, capital — Ulan Ude, population 981,238 (2002)
- Zabaykalsky Krai, administrative center — Chita, population 1,155,346 (2002)
- Irkutsk Oblast, administrative center — Irkutsk, population 2.77 million (2002)
- Republic of Khakassia, capital — Abakan, population 575,400.
- Kemerovo Oblast, administrative center — Kemerovo, population 2.90 million (2002)
- Krasnoyarsk Krai, administrative center — Krasnoyarsk, population 2.97 million (2002).
- Novosibirsk Oblast, administrative center — Novosibirsk, population 2.69 million (2002)
- Omsk Oblast, administrative center — Omsk, population 2.08 million (2002)
- Tomsk Oblast, administrative center — Tomsk, population 1.06 million (2002)
- Tuva Republic, capital — Kyzyl, population 305,510 (2002)
- Far Eastern Federal District (Russian Far East), population ca. 7.02 million
Excluding territories of north-central Kazakhstan, Siberia thus has a total population of ca. 38.7 million (2005). The North Kazakhstan oblast has another 1.1 million inhabitants (2002).
About 70% of Siberia's people live in cities. Novosibirsk is the largest city in Siberia, with a population of about 1.5 million, followed by Yekaterinburg (1.3 million, Urals), Omsk (1.1 million), Chelyabinsk (1.07 million, in the Urals), Krasnoyarsk (0.91 million), Barnaul (0.60 million), Irkutsk (0.59 million), Kemerovo (0.52 million), Tyumen (0.51 million), Tomsk (0.48 million), Nizhny Tagil (0.39 million, Urals), Kurgan (0.36 million), Ulan Ude (0.36 million), Chita (0.32 million).
The above count, however, by including the entire Urals Federal District, includes areas not usually considered part of Siberia, e.g. the cities Yekaterinburg and Chelyabinsk and Nizhny Tagil listed above.
Ethnicities and languages
Most non-Slavic groups are Turkic. Smaller linguistic groups are Mongols (ca. 600,000 speakers) Uralic (Samoyedic, Ugric; roughly 100,000 speakers), Manchu-Tungus (ca. 40,000 speakers), Chukotko-Kamchatkan (ca. 25,000 speakers), Eskimo–Aleut (some 2,000 speakers), the Yukaghir languages (highly endangered), and languages isolates Ket (but see below) and Nivkh.
Mongolian, Turkic and Manchu-Tungus languages are sometimes taken together under the term Altaic. At one time Uralic and Altaic were believed to form the Ural–Altaic group, though this theory has now been largely discarded. The proposed Uralo-Siberian family combines the Uralic family with the Yukaghir languages, Chukotko-Kamchatkan, and Eskimo–Aleut. These are more umbrella terms than accepted linguistic relationships. Ket has recently been linked with the Na-Dene languages into a Dené–Yeniseian group; while not universally accepted a broad consensus in favor of the proposal has emerged.
- Urals Federal District, population ca. 14.4 million
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Demographics of Russia — Population (in millions) 1950 – January 2010. Population: 142,905,200 (2010 Russian Census) Growth rate … Wikipedia
Siberia — Siberian redirects here. For the cat breed, see Siberian (cat). This article is about Siberia as a whole. For the federal district, see Siberian Federal District. For other uses, see Siberia (disambiguation). Coordinates: 60°0′N 105°0′E / … Wikipedia
Demographics of Turkey — Demographics of Republic of Turkey 1961–2007 Population: 72,586,256 (2009 est.) Growth rate: 1.45% (2009 est … Wikipedia
Demographics of South Korea — This article is about the demographic features of the population of South Korea, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.… … Wikipedia
Demographics of the world — This article is about the demographic features of the population of the World, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.… … Wikipedia
Demographics of North Korea — Korean youth walking in Pyongyang This article is about the demographic features of the population of North Korea, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other … Wikipedia
Demographics of Vancouver — The Demographics of Vancouver concern population growth and structure for Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. Figures given here are for the Greater Vancouver Regional District, however, not for the City of Vancouver proper. Contents 1… … Wikipedia
Demographics of Saint Petersburg — Satellite picture of St. Peterburg Saint Petersburg is the second largest city in Russia, after Moscow. 2002 census recorded population of the federal subject 4,661,219, or 3.21% of the total population of Russia. The city with its vicinity has… … Wikipedia
Demographics of Asia — Map of countries by population density (See List of countries by population density.) The Demographics of Asia refers to the human population of Asia. The continent covers 29.4% of the Earth s land area and has a population of almost 4 billion… … Wikipedia
Indigenous peoples of Siberia — Gulf of Ob … Wikipedia