Transport in Peru


Transport in Peru

= Railways =

total: 1,988 km standard gauge: 1,608 km, RailGauge|ussg gauge narrow gauge: 380 km, RailGauge|36 gauge

Not all railways in Peru link up.

Ferrocarril Central Andino was the highest railway in the world before 2006, surpassed by the recently constructed Qingzang railway in China. Starting in Callao port, from almost the sea level, it passes by Lima city and then reaches a peak-altitude of 4,818 m through a tunnel in the Anticona Pass (Ticlio, Lima). PeruRail runs most of the tourist and many freight operations in southern Peru from the port of Matarani to Cuzco and Machu Picchu.

For history, see [http://www.pearcedale.com/c&b/peruhistory.htm] .

Timeline

2006

* The Peruvian Government has not agreed that Ferrocarril Central Andino (FCCA), the concessionaire operating Peru’s railways, should convert the 914 mm gauge Huancayo - Huancavelica line to 1435 mm at a cost of $US33m shared by the government and the Andean Development Corporation. [http://www.trainsunlimitedtours.com/great-south-american-rail-adventure.html]

* A 21 km, $400million tunnel is also suggested.

Rail links with other countries

* Bolivia - Shipping from RailGauge|sg
railhead in Puno to 1,000 mm railhead in
Guaqui across Lake Titicaca
* Chile – yes - a semi-isolated 1435mm line connects Tacna, Peru to port of Arica, Chile.
* Ecuador – no

Maps

* [http://www.un.org/Depts/Cartographic/map/profile/peru.pdf UN Map]

Towns served

Central railway

See Ferrocarril Central Andino

Southern Railway

See PeruRail

* Mollendo - port
* Puno - inland port on Lake Titicaca
* Arequipa
* Crucero Alto 14,666 ft./4,470 m up summit
* Juliaca - junction
* Cuzco - the Inca capital of historic memories.

Highways

"total:"85,900 km
"paved:"45,000 km
"unpaved:"40,900 km (1999 est.)

Long distance buses

Inter-city travel in Peru is almost exclusively done in long distance buses.

Waterways

8,600 km of navigable tributaries of Amazon system and 208 km of Lake Titicaca.


= Pipelines =

* crude oil 800 km
* natural gas and natural gas liquids 64 km

Ports and harbors

Pacific Ocean

Lake Titicaca

* Puno - railhead, Peru RailGauge|sg.

Amazon basin

* Iquitos
* Pucallpa
* Yurimaguas

Merchant marine

"total:"7 ships (GRT|1,000|metric|first=yes or over) totaling GRT|65,193|metric/DWT|100,584|metric|first=yes
"ships by type:" (1999 est.)
* bulk carrier 1
* cargo ships 6

Airports

234 (1999 est.)
"List of Peruvian Airports"
Jorge Chavez International Airport, in Lima is Peru's main national and international gateway, with an estimate of 98 percent of all international flights into Peru landing at this airport.

Airports - with paved runways:
"total:"44
"over 3,047 m:"7
"2,438 to 3,047 m:"17
"1,524 to 2,437 m:"12
"914 to 1,523 m:"7
"under 914 m:"1 (1999 est.)

Airports - with unpaved runways:
"total:"190
"over 3,047 m:"1
"2,438 to 3,047 m:"2
"1,524 to 2,437 m:"26
"914 to 1,523 m:"67
"under 914 m:"94 (1999 est.)

External links

* [http://www.expresocial.com Cial]
* [http://www.civa.com.pe Civa]
* [http://www.cruzdelsur.com.pe Cruz del Sur]
* [http://www.oltursa.com.pe Oltursa]
* [http://www.sabuses.com South America buses]
* [http://www.tepsa.com.pe TEPSA]

See also

* Peru
* Rail transport by country
* Rail transport in Peru


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