- Communist Party of Ecuador
Communist Party of Ecuador (in Spanish: Partido Comunista del Ecuador) is a political party in Ecuador. It was formed in 1925 as the Socialist Party. The party publishes El Pueblo, the general secretary is Winston Alarcón and the youth wing of the PCE is the Juventud Comunista del Ecuador (JCE).
After its foundation PCE gradually gained in importance; in 1944 the PCE won fifteen out of eighty-five seats in the National Assembly and had one of its members appointed minister of education. The first female MP of the country, Nela Martínez, belonged to the party. In 1946 the government outlawed the PCE and jailed many of its members. The PCE was legalized during the 1948-52 term of President Galo Plaza, but was banned again when the military junta held power in 1963-1966.
In the mid 1960s the U.S. State Department estimated the party membership to be approximately 2500.
Later PCE was legalized, although it had only an estimated 500 members in 1988. The PCE participated in congressional and presidential elections as part of the coalition of the Broad Left Front (Frente Amplio de Izquierda - FADI), which gained thirteen seats in Congress in 1986.
Communist parties Political parties in Ecuador Parties represented
in the National Assembly of Ecuador (124)PAIS Alliance (59) · January 21 Patriotic Society Party (19) · Social Christian Party (11) · Institutional Renewal Party of National Action (7) · Municipalist Movement for National Integrity (5) · Democratic People's Movement (5) · Pachakutik Plurinational Unity Movement – New Country (4) · Ecuadorian Roldosist Party (3) · Democratic Left (3) · National Democratic Coalition (1) · Independent Movement Deeds are Loves (1) · Social Conservative Movement of Carchi (1) · Independent Political Movement Amauta Yuyai (1) · Autonomous Regional Movement (1) · Civic Conscience (1) · Regional Action for Equity/Latin American Popular Alliance (1) · Independent Movement United for Pastaza (1)
Parties not represented
in the National Assembly of EcuadorA New Option · Alfarista Radical Front · Communist Party of Ecuador · Communist Party of Ecuador – Red Sun · Concentration of People's Forces · Conservative Party · Democratic Transformation · Ecuadorian Radical Liberal Party · Freedom Party · Movement Ecuador's Force · Marxist-Leninist Communist Party of Ecuador · United Left (Ethics and Democracy Network/Independent Movement Democratic Pole) · Christian Democratic Union · Provincial Integration Movement · Socialist Party – Broad Front of Ecuador · Solidary Fatherland Movement · Workers' Party of Ecuador · Fertile Earth Movement · Movement of National Agreement · Thousandfold Victory Movement · Social Integration Movement · Independent Just and Solidary Movement · National Movement for Social Consensus
Portal:Politics · List of political parties · Politics of Ecuador
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