Walter Sisulu

Walter Sisulu

Infobox Politician

name = Walter Max Ulyate Sisulu
width =
height =
caption =
office = Secretary-General of the African National Congress
term_start = 1949
term_end = 1954
predecessor = James Arthur Calata
successor = Oliver Tambo
office2 = Deputy President of the African National Congress
term_start2 = July, 1991
term_end2 = 1994
predecessor2 = Nelson Mandela
successor2 = Thabo Mbeki
majority =
birth_date = Birth date|1912|5|18
birth_place = Engcobo, Transkei (now Eastern Cape), South Africa
death_date = Death date and age|2003|5|5|1912|5|18
death_place =
party = African National Congress
relations =
spouse = Albertina Sisulu
civil partner =
children =
residence =
occupation =
religion =

website =
footnotes =

[] ] Walter Max Ulyate Sisulu (May 18, 1912 – May 5, 2003) was a South African anti-apartheid activist and member of the African National Congress (ANC).

He was born in Engcobo in the homeland of Transkei (now part of Eastern Cape Province, South Africa). Educated in a local missionary school, he left in 1926 to work. He moved to Johannesburg in 1928 and experienced a wide range of manual jobs. He joined the ANC in 1940. In 1943, together with Nelson Mandela and Oliver Tambo, he joined the ANC Youth League, founded by Anton Lembede, of which he was initially the treasurer. He later distanced himself from Lembede after Lembede (died 1947) had ridiculed his parentage (Sisulu was the son of a white foreman). Sisulu was a brilliant political networker and had a prominent planning role in the militant "Umkhonto we Sizwe" ("Spear of the Nation"). He was made secretary general of the ANC in 1949, displacing the more passive older leadership, and held that post until 1954.

As a planner of the Defiance Campaign from 1952, he was arrested that year and given a suspended sentence. In 1953, he travelled to Europe, the USSR, Israel, and China as an ANC representative. He was jailed seven times in the next ten years, including five months in 1960, and was held under house arrest in 1962. At the Treason Trial (1956 - 1961), he was eventually sentenced to six years, but was released on bail pending his appeal. He went underground in 1963 but was caught at Rivonia on July 11. At the conclusion of the Rivonia Trial (1963 - 1964), he was sentenced to life imprisonment on June 12, 1964. With other senior ANC figures, he served the majority of his sentence on Robben Island.

In October 1989, he was released after 26 years in prison, and in July 1991 was elected ANC deputy president at the ANC's first national conference after its unbanning the year before. He remained in the position until after South Africa's first democratic election in 1994.

In 1992, Walter Sisulu was awarded Isitwalandwe Seaparankoe, the highest honour granted by the ANC, for his contribution to the liberation struggle in South Africa.

He married Albertina in 1944. The couple had five children, and adopted four more. Sisulu's wife and children were also active in the struggle against apartheid.

The government of India awarded him Padma Vibhushan in 1998.Walter Sisulu was given a "special official funeral" on 17 May 2003.

In 2004 he was voted 33rd in the SABC3's Great South Africans.

External links

* " [ Obituary: Walter Sisulu] " - BBC News obituary, dated Monday, 5 May, 2003
* " [ Anti-apartheid fighter Sisulu dies] " - BBC News article, dated Tuesday, 6 May, 2003
* " [ South Africa mourns Sisulu] " - BBC News article, dated Tuesday, 6 May, 2003
* " [ Nelson Mandela's tribute to Walter Sisulu] " - BBC News article, dated Tuesday, 6 May, 2003
* An audio interview from September 1954 with Walter Sisulu condcuted by George M. Houser is on the website

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Walter Sisulu — Walter Max Ulyate Sisulu (* 18. Mai 1912 in Qutubeni im Engcobo Distrikt, Transkei; † 5. Mai 2003 in Johannesburg) war ein Antiapartheid Kämpfer und südafrikanischer Politiker. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und Werk 2 Würdigungen und Ehrungen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Walter Sisulu — Walter Max Ulyate Sisulu (18 de mayo de 1912 5 de mayo de 2003) fue un activista sudáfricano contra el apartheid. Nació en Engcobo de la región Transkei. Walter Sisulu (1912 2003), político sudafricano, dirigente del Congreso Nacional Africano… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Walter Sisulu — Apartheid Évènements Massacre de Sharpeville Émeutes de Soweto · Procès de la trahison · Procès de Rivonia · Attentat de Church Street (Pretoria) · Négociations sur le démantèlement de l apartheid en Afrique du Sud · Massacre de Boipatong ·… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Walter Sisulu University for Technology and Science — is a university in the Eastern Cape Province,South Africa, which came into existence on 1 July, 2005 as a result of a merger between Border Technikon, Eastern Cape Technikon, and the University of Transkei. The university is named for Walter… …   Wikipedia

  • Walter-Sisulu-Universität — Vorlage:Infobox Hochschule/Logo fehltVorlage:Infobox Hochschule/Studenten fehltVorlage:Infobox Hochschule/Mitarbeiter fehltVorlage:Infobox Hochschule/Professoren fehlt Walter Sisulu University Gründung 2005 Trägerschaft staatlich Ort …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Walter Sisulu National Botanical Garden — The Walter Sisulu National Botanical Garden ( previously known as the Witwatersand National Botanical Garden ) is a convert|300|ha|km2 botanical reserve in Johannesburg. Formally established in 1982 it is the youngest of South Africas National… …   Wikipedia

  • Jardín Botánico Nacional Walter Sisulu — Vista del Walter Sisulu National Botanical Garden. El Jardín Botánico Nacional Walter Sisulu en inglés : Walter Sisulu National Botanical Garden es un área de reserva de 308 hectáreas (30,8 km2) y en su interior un jardín botánico y zona… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Universidad de ciencia y tecnología Walter Sisulu — La universidad Walter Sisulu de ciencia y tecnología es una universidad en la Provincia Oriental del Cabo, Sudáfrica,que nació el 1 de Julio del 2005 como consecuencia de una fusión entre, Border Technikon, Eastern Cape Technikon, y la… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Walter Max Ulyate Sisulu — (* 18. Mai 1912 in Quthubeni; † 5. Mai 2003 in Johannesburg) war ein Antiapartheid Kämpfer und südafrikanischer Politiker. Leben und Werk Geboren wurde Walter Sisulu in Qutubeni, einem Dorf in der Transkei, dem Gebiet der Xhosa. Sein Vater war… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sisulu — is a surname. People with this surname include: *Albertina Sisulu (born 1918), anti–apartheid activist *Lindiwe Sisulu (born 1954), South African Minister of Housing *Walter Sisulu (1912–2003), Secretary General of the African National Congress …   Wikipedia

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