- Lancashire Constabulary
Infobox UK Police
name= Lancashire Constabulary
title= Chief Constable
head= Steve Finnigan
web= [http://www.lancashire.police.uk Lancashire Constabulary]
Lancashire Constabulary is the
Home Officepolice force responsible for policing the ceremonial county of Lancashirein the North West England. The force's headquarters are at Hutton, near the city of Preston. The force has over 3,000 officers as well as 500 Police Community Support Officers.
After many complaints over a number of years over the crime ridden state of Lancashire it was decided in 1839 that a combined county police force was required to police the county. In the same year the force was founded and Captain John Woodford was made Chief Constable with 2 Assistant Chief Constables, 14 Superintendents and 660 Constables.
Over the next 50 years the Police force saw many changes including the introduction of the Police Helmet and, during the 1860s, the force lost its first officer, PC Jump, who died after being shot by a group of men that he and a colleague were searching. By the end of the century the force had developed a detective department who were allowed to wear plain clothes.
In 1917 the force first allowed female officers although it was only up until the 1950s when they were allowed uniforms and not until the 1970s were they paid at the same rate as their male counterparts. In 1948 the force's dog section was established with many differing breeds being used but by the 1950s it was established that the German Shepherd was the most suitable.
In 1965, the force had an establishment of 3,784 officers and an actual strength of 3,454, making it the second largest police force (after the
Metropolitan Police) and the largest county force in Great Britain. ["The Thin Blue Line", Police Council for Great Britain Staff Side Claim for Undermanning Supplements, 1965]
The force then went through major changes in the 1970s when the force was reduced to cover the new re-bordered Lancashire with the other areas coming under the jurisdiction of
Greater Manchester Policeand Merseyside Police.
10 October 2007the Home Office announced that Lancashire Constabulary had ranked joint first, with Surrey, out of 43 forces by Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Constabularies. All 43 Police forces were assessed on seven areas - tackling crime, serious crime, protecting vulnerable people, satisfaction, neighbourhood policing, local priorities and resources and efficiency.
The force is split into eight divisions, six geographical and two based at the Force HQ at Hutton. However, the split is approximate, and divisions are deliberately vague, giving a seamless approach to policing in the Lancashire area. The geographical divisions and their headquarters are as follows:
;Southern (C Division):The headquarters are in Leyland from where this division polices the
South Ribble, Chorleyand West Lancashireareas.
;Central (D Division):This division is primarily assigned to police the city of
;Eastern (E Division):Primarily assigned to Police the
Blackburn, Ribble Valleyand Accringtonareas.
;Pennine (F Division):Assigned to Police the
Burnley, Pendleand Rossendaleareas.
;G Division:Headquarters; encompassing the Force Intelligence Department (F.I.D), Serious Organised Crime Unit (S.O.C.U) & Special Branch (S.B).
;H Division:Operations Support and Operations Planning. Encompasses Motorway, Armed Response, Air Support, Mounted and various other functions.
The constabulary has 36 full-time stations across the county with over 100 further police posts and smaller village stations. Although the county has this large number of stations less than half have adequate provisions to hold prisoners. The training of student officers is undertaken at five sites, HQ (
Hutton), Rawtenstall, Fleetwood, Skelmersdaleand Morecambe. In addition, specialist training and certain sections such as the dog and mounted are based at the Force's HQ at Hutton.
The routine patrol officer is not armed but does carry a baton, a PAVA
incapacitant spray, and handcuffs. All officers and civilian members of staff are required to wear a stab vest when on duty and "not in an office environment"; most choose to wear their vest at all times. Although officers are not routinely armed, Lancashire has several Armed Response Teams carrying G36 assault rifles, Glockpistols and Taserguns.
Beat patrol car
The standard patrol car is the Vauxhall Astra.
A number of motorcycles are in use by the force. These are primarily used for traffic duties and escorting.
Motorway vehicles are a mixture of Volvo S60s and Land Rover Discoveries. The Volvo typically carries VASCAR equipment, mobile video equipment and Tracker. The Land Rovers have the same equipment as the Volvo, but a lot more equipment in the back, including a camera, tape measure, carriage marking spray, tow rope, hazard and police tape, portable blue lights, cones and a first aid kit.
The Carrier, known colloquially as a "riot van", is used for providing a response to public order incidents and also finds use during Operation Summer Nights and similar initiatives. It is able to carry up to 9 people. Lancashire Constabulary has 33 carriers in use across the county. It has special features including headlight grilles, which protect the headlights when missiles are thrown at the vehicle, a windscreen grille, which helps protect the vehicle's windscreen and officers when missiles are thrown at the vehicle, and run flat tyres.
The section van is used to transport suspects to the police station. There are 66 operational section vans in use across the county.
Armed Response Vehicle (ARV)
Lancashire Constabulary currently has 6 Armed Response Vehicles, which are based within the 6 Divisions in Lancashire. The Armed Response vehicles were, up until recently, Ford Galaxies but they are now being replaced by the Ford S-Max. They’re crewed by two authorised firearms officers and have a safe, which holds firearms equipment.
There are 36 dog vehicles that are used across the force. The big vans can carry up to four dogs and the smaller cars can carry up to 2 dogs. The vehicles have been specially modified for the dogs and the roofs of the vehicles have special vents so that the dogs are well looked after.
Air Support Unit
The force also operates an EC135 helicopter based at
BAE Warton, the Helicopter is available to reach any part of Lancashire within 15 minutes. The force has had an ASU since 1993 when it fielded a Eurocopter Squirrelbut this was retired in the early 2000s as it was replaced by the newer EC 135. The ASU is primarily there to assist ground forces as well as provide evidence and surveillance where is needed.
The Force's motorway policing unit has headquarters at
Samlesburynear Preston. The unit is led by a single Inspector who in turn is responsible for 7 Sergeants and 43 Police Constables. The unit also operates a vehicle checking station at Cuerdenbetween Chorleyand Prestonon the M65, this is done in co-operation with VOSA.
Due to police officers in the county not being routinely armed the force has its own specialised firearms unit based at locations around the county. The force has at any one time has 9 armed officers on patrol. The standard issue weapon is the Glock SLP whilst officers are also armed with the
Heckler & Koch G36Carbine. Tasers are also carried by Armed Response Officers.
Under proposals made by the
Home Secretaryon February 6, 2006, it was to have be merged with Cumbria Constabulary. These were accepted by both forces on February 26, and the merger would have taken place on April 1, 2007. [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/4745186.stm] . However, in July 2006, both Cumbria and Lancashire Constabularies decided not to proceed with the merger because the government failed to remedy issues with the council tax precept which left both forces unable to proceed.
Over recent years, Lancashire Constabulary has developed a reputation for leading the way in Intelligence Analysis and holds an annual Intelligence Analysis conference in Blackpool attended by a large number of analysts from other UK police forces and law enforcement agencies. Other forces are now looking to Lancashire as a pioneering force in IT support.
Policing in the United Kingdom
GRIP (Group Intervention Panel)
Operation Summer Nights
Road Policing Unit
Lancashire Fire and Rescue Service
* [http://www.lancashire.police.uk/ Force website]
* [http://www.lanpac.co.uk/ Lancashire Partnership Against Crime]
* [http://www.lancashire-crimebeat.org.uk/ Lancashire Crimebeat]
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