- Chief of General Staff (Israel)
The Chief of the General Staff, also known as the Commander-in-Chief of the Israel Defense Forces (Hebrew: ראש המטה הכללי, Rosh HaMateh HaKlali, abbr. Ramatkal—רמטכ"ל) is the supreme commander and Chief of Staff of the Israel Defense Forces. At any given time, the Chief of Staff is the only active officer holding the IDF's highest rank, Rav Aluf (Hebrew: רב-אלוף), which is usually translated into English as Lieutenant General. (The lone exception to this rule occurred during the Yom Kippur War, when former Chief of Staff Haim Bar-Lev, who was a government member at the moment of war outbreak, was brought out of retirement and installed as chief of Southern Command. For a brief period, he and Chief of Staff David Elazar were both in active service with the rank of Rav Aluf.)
The position of Ramatkal is defined in the Basic Law: The Military (1976), clause three:
- The supreme command rank in the military is that of the Chief of the General Staff
- The Chief of the General Staff is to be placed under the authority of the government and subordinate to the Defense Minister
- The Chief of the General Staff is to be appointed by the government, according to the recommendation of the Defense Minister
The Chief of Staff is formally appointed once every three years, with the government often extending the term to four years, and in some occasions, even five. As of February 14, 2011, the Chief of General Staff is Benny Gantz.
Given the importance of the IDF in Israeli society, the Chief of Staff is a highly-respected and public figure. Former Chiefs of Staff frequently often parlay the prominence of their position into political life, and in later case, the business world. Two Chiefs of Staff (Yitzhak Rabin and Ehud Barak) have become Prime Minister of Israel and nine others (Yigael Yadin, Moshe Dayan, Tzvi Tzur, Haim Bar-Lev, Mordechai Gur, Rafael Eitan, Amnon Lipkin-Shahak, Shaul Mofaz and Moshe Ya'alon) have served in the Knesset. Of these, only Tzur did not get appointed to the Cabinet. Ehud Barak and three other former Chiefs of Staff (Dayan, Rabin and Mofaz) held the position of Defense Minister, widely considered to be the most powerful ministerial post in the country and the immediate civilian superior of the Chief of Staff; of these, Mofaz is the only one to serve as Defense Minister over his immediate successor as Chief of Staff (in Mofaz's case, Ya'alon). Soon after his discharge, Dan Halutz became the C.E.O. of a prestigious car importer. Ehud Barak took a hiatus from politics twice after defeats for reelection and pursued successful international business ventures.
List of IDF Chiefs of Staff
Order Name Dates Unit of commission 1st Yaakov Dori 1947–49 Haganah 2nd Yigael Yadin 1949–52 Haganah 3rd Mordechai Maklef 1952–53 British Army 4th Moshe Dayan 1953–58 Haganah 5th Haim Laskov 1958–61 British Army 6th Tzvi Tzur 1961–64 British Army 7th Yitzhak Rabin 1964–68 Haganah 8th Haim Bar-Lev 1968–72 Haganah 9th David Elazar 1972–74 Haganah 10th Mordechai Gur 1974–78 Haganah 11th Rafael Eitan 1978–83 Haganah 12th Moshe Levi 1983–87 Infantry Corps (Golani) 13th Dan Shomron 1987–91 Infantry Corps (Paratroopers) 14th Ehud Barak 1991–95 Sayeret Matkal (Special Forces) 15th Amnon Lipkin-Shahak 1995–98 Infantry Corps (Paratroopers) 16th Shaul Mofaz 1998–2002 Infantry Corps (Paratroopers) 17th Moshe Ya'alon 2002–05 Paratroopers and Sayeret Matkal 18th Dan Halutz 2005–07 Israeli Air Force 19th Gabi Ashkenazi 2007–11 Infantry Corps (Golani) 20th Benny Gantz 2011– Infantry Corps (Paratroopers) Chiefs of Staff of the Israel Defense Forces
Yaakov Dori (1947–49) · Yigael Yadin (1949–52) · Mordechai Maklef (1952–53) · Moshe Dayan (1953–58) · Haim Laskov (1958–61) · Tzvi Tzur (1961–64) · Yitzhak Rabin (1964–68) · Haim Bar-Lev (1968–72) · David Elazar (1972–74) · Mordechai Gur (1974–78) · Rafael Eitan (1978–83) · Moshe Levi (1983–87) · Dan Shomron (1987–91) · Ehud Barak (1991–95) · Amnon Lipkin-Shahak (1995–98) · Shaul Mofaz (1998–2002) · Moshe Ya'alon (2002–05) · Dan Halutz (2005–07) · Gabi Ashkenazi (2007–2011) · Benny Gantz (2011–present)
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
General Staff (Israel) — The Israeli General Staff ( he. המטה הכללי של צה ל), abbreviated Matkal (מטכ ל), is the supreme command of the Israel Defense Forces. It is based in the Kirya compound (Camp Rabin) in Tel Aviv.MembersThe majority of members in the General Staff… … Wikipedia
Chief of the General Staff — The Chief of the General Staff (CGS) is a post in many armed forces (militaries), the head of the military staff. See also: Chief of the General Staff (Australia) (prior to 1997; now Chief of Army) Chief of General Staff of Azerbaijani Armed… … Wikipedia
Chief of the Staff of The Salvation Army — Part of a series on The Salvation Army … Wikipedia
General Corps (Israel) — The Israeli General Corps is the Israel Defense Forces authority which amalgamates all professional staff soldiers and officers. It is headed by the head of personal department. As of 2006, it is led by Brigadier General Yehudit Grisaro who is… … Wikipedia
United States Army Command and General Staff College — U.S. Army Command General Staff College USAC GS Coat of Arms Active 1881 Present Country … Wikipedia
People's Liberation Army General Staff Department — The People s Liberation Army General Staff Department (simplified Chinese: 中国人民解放军总参谋部; traditional Chinese: 中國人民解放軍總參謀部; pinyin: Zhōngguó Rénmín Jifàngjūn Zǒngcānmóubù) is the command organ and the headquarters for the Chinese People s… … Wikipedia
Staff (military) — Staff office redirects here. For the ceremonial weapon, see staff of office. Not to be confused with Staff Corps Officer. Warfare Military history Eras … Wikipedia
Israel Defense Forces — Military of Israel Israel Defense Forces logo Founded 1948 Service branches … Wikipedia
Israel/Syria Mixed Armistice Commission — Israel–Syria Mixed Armistice Commission (ISMAC) was the United Nations commission for observing the armistice between Israel and Syria after the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, as part of the Mixed Armistice Commissions (MAC). [article. V, para. 5, of the … Wikipedia
Israel Defense Forces ranks — Israel Defense Forces The Israel Defense Forces (IDF) have a unique rank structure. Because the IDF is an integrated force, ranks are the … Wikipedia