- Visigothic art and architecture
Visigothsentered Hispania(modern Spainand Portugal) in 415, and they rose to be the dominant people there until the Moorish invasion of 711brought their kingdom to an end.
This period in Iberian art is dominated by their style. Visigothic art is generally considered in the English-speaking world to be a strain of
Migration art, while the Portuguese and Spanish-speaking worlds generally classify it as Pre-Romanesque.
Branches of Visigothic art include their
architecture, their crafts (especially jewellery), and even their script.
The only remaining examples of their architecture from the sixth century are the church of
San Cugat del Vallésin Barcelona, Saint Frutuoso Chapelin ( Braga, the church of S.Gião ( Nazaré) and the few remnants of the church at Cabeza de Griego, Cuenca. However, their style developed over the next centuries, though the prime remaining examples of it are mostly rural and often run-down. Some of the characteristics of their architecture are:
*Generally basilican in layout, sometimes a
Greek crossplan or, more rarely, a combination of the two. The spaces are highly compartmentalised.
*Horseshoe arches without keystones.
*A rectangular, exterior
columns and pillars with Corinthian capitals of unique design.
Barrel vaults with cupolas at the crosses.
ashlarblocks, occasionally alternating with Roman brickwork.
*Decoration commonly of animal or plant motifs.
San Juan de Baños de Cerrato( Palencia)
Cripta de San Antolín de Palencia
San Pedro de la Mata(Toledo)
Santa Comba de Bande( Orense)
San Pedro de la Nave(Zamora)
Santa María de Quintanilla de las Viñas( Burgos)
Santa María de Melque(Toledo)
*São Gião (Nazaré)
Treasure of Guarrazar
* [http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9075523/Visigothic-art "Visigothic art"] . In "
Encyclopedia Britannica" Online.
* [http://www.circuloromanico.com El portal del Arte Románico; Visgothic, Mozarabe and Romanesque art in Spain.]
* [http://www.turismo-prerromanico.es/arterural/base/visiging.htm Spanish Pre-Romanesque Art Guide; General Characteristics of the Visigothic Art]
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