- Basic law
The term basic law is used in some places as an alternative to "
constitution", implying it is a "temporary but necessary measure" without formal enactment of constitution. A Basic Law is either a codified constitution, or in countries with uncodified constitutions, a law given to have constitution powers and effect. The name is usually used to imply an interim or transitory nature, or avoid attempting a claim to being "the highest law", often for religious reasons. In West Germany, the term basic law ("Grundgesetz") was used, to indicate that the basic law was provisional until the ultimate reunification of Germany, whereupon a new constitutionwould be adopted. In the event, no constitution was ever adopted, and the basic law was instead extended throughout the entire German territory.Basic law is entrenched in that it overrides ordinary 'statute law' passed by the legislature.
The special administrative regions of the
People's Republic of China, namely Hong Kongand Macau, have basic laws as their constitutional documents. The basic laws are the highest authority, respectively, in the regions, while the rights of amendment and interpretation rest with the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China.
List of basic laws
Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany
* Basic Law of Hong Kong
Basic Laws of Israel
* Basic Law of Macau
Basic Law of Saudi Arabia
The Basic Law For the Palestinian National Authority-See the article Constitution of Palestine
Fundamental laws of England
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
basic law — index principle (axiom) Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 … Law dictionary
basic law — or basic law, 1. a written statement of the fundamental organization of the government of a nation or state: »[Yeltsin] convened a constitutional conference to draft a new Basic Law for Russia, which would enshrine a powerful new presidency and a … Useful english dictionary
Basic Law — or basic law, 1. a written statement of the fundamental organization of the government of a nation or state: »[Yeltsin] convened a constitutional conference to draft a new Basic Law for Russia, which would enshrine a powerful new presidency and a … Useful english dictionary
Basic Law — As early as 1947, the executive of the Vaad Leumi appointed a committee headed by Zerah Warhaftig to study the question of a constitution for the new state. In December 1947, the Jewish Agency executive entrusted Dr. Leo Kohn, professor of… … Historical Dictionary of Israel
basic law — fundamental law, law which is the basis for others … English contemporary dictionary
Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany — Germany This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Germany … Wikipedia
Basic Law of Saudi Arabia — The Basic Law of Saudi Arabia ( ar. النظام الأساسي للحكم بالمملكة العربية السعودية) (Alternative name: Basic System of Governance) is a constitution like charter divided into nine chapters, consisting of 83 articles. [… … Wikipedia
Basic Law: human dignity and liberty — The law was passed on 17 March 1992 by the 12th Knesset. Sections of it were subsequently integrated into the 1994 version of Basic Law: Freedom of Occupation. In view of the fact that the Knesset was unsuccessful in its endeavors to enact… … Historical Dictionary of Israel
Basic Law: the army — Passed on 31 March 1976 by the eighth Knesset. Until the basic law was passed, the constitutional and legal basis for the operation of the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) was to be found in the IDF Ordinance of 1948. The basic law follows that… … Historical Dictionary of Israel
Basic Law: freedom of occupation — Its new version, which replaced the law of 1992, was passed on 9 March 1994 by the 13th Knesset. The law lays down the right of every citizen or inhabitant to engage in any occupation, profession or trade unless a law which corresponds with… … Historical Dictionary of Israel