- Palestinian Popular Struggle Front
The Palestinian Popular Struggle Front (PPSF, occasionally abbr. PSF), (Arabic, "jabhat al-nidal al-sha'biyya al-filastini"), a militant
Palestinianorganization. The group is led by Dr. Samir Ghawshah. Despite holding a seat in the executive council seat in the PLO, PPSF is generally considered to have a very limited influence over Palestinian politics.
The PPSF was founded as the Palestinian Popular Struggle Organization (PPSO) in the
West Bankin 1967, following a split from the PFLP. [ [http://www.broadleft.org/ps.htm Leftist Parties of Palestine ] ] It had close ties to Fatah, and in 1971it officially became a Fatah-affiliated organization. It fell out with the Arafatleadership in Fatah in 1973, and left the organization to act independently. In 1974it took a further step, leaving the Palestine Liberation Organization(PLO) to become a founding member of the Rejectionist Front, in protest of the increasingly moderate politics of Arafat.
In the 1970s the PPSF hijacked airplanes, and also attacked civilian Israeli passengers in
AthensAirport in 1969.
Initially close to
Egyptafter its break with Fatah, it eventually slipped into decline. In 1982it was revived jointly by Syriaand Libya, in an attempt to bolster hardliner and anti-Arafat forces in the PLO (Syria was simultaneously fighting the PLO in Lebanon).
Members of the PPSF were mentioned as possible suspects in the
1988 Lockerbie Bombing, believed to have been orchestrated by the Libyan regime, but Samir Ghawshah denied the charges. [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/735886.stm BBC News | WORLD | Palestinian radicals deny bomb link ] ]
Reconciliation with PLO and PNA politics
1991was allowed to rejoin the PLO after accepting Security Council resolution 242and the concept of negotiations with Israel. Ghawshah gained a seat on the PLO executive committee. The PPSF was however divided into two, the main group led by Ghawshah which accepted the Palestinian National Authority(PNA), and Khalid ‘Abd al-Majid's parallel PPSF opposing it from exile in Damascus, Syria.
PPSF took part in the 1996 Palestinian legislative elections with 12 candidates. Together they got 0.76% of the national vote. [ [http://www.broadleft.org/ps.htm Leftist Parties of Palestine ] ]
It took part in the 2006 Palestine elections under the label
Freedom and Social Justice, but failed to win a seat. In total their list got 7 127 votes (0.72%).
The PPSF maintains four front organizations; the
Workers Struggle Bloc, Palestinian Struggle Youth Union, Students Struggle Bloc, Womens Struggle Blocand Teachers Struggle Bloc.
PPSF publishes "Sawt an-Nidhal" (Voice of the Struggle).
List of political parties in the Palestinian National Authority
* [http://www.nedalshabi.org/ PPSF homepage] (Arabic)
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