Buttonquail

Buttonquail

Taxobox
name = Buttonquail


image_caption = Small Buttonquail
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Aves
ordo = Charadriiformes
familia = Turnicidae
familia_authority = GR Gray, 1840
subdivision_ranks = Genera
subdivision = "Turnix"
"Ortyxelos"
range_

range_map_width = 250px
range_map_caption = Distribution of the Buttonquails.

The buttonquails or hemipodes are a small family of birds which resemble, but are unrelated to, the true quails. They inhabit warm grasslands in Asia, Africa, and Australia.

Biology

Buttonquails are small, drab, running birds, which avoid flying. The female is the more brightly coloured of the sexes, and initiates courtship. Unusually, the buttonquails are polyandrous, with the females circulating among several males and expelling rival females from her territory. Both sexes cooperate in building a nest in the earth, but only the male incubates the eggs and tends the young. The eggs hatch after an incubation period of 12 or 13 days, and the young are able to fly within two weeks of hatchingcite book |editor=Forshaw, Joseph|author= Archibald, George W.|year=1991|title=Encyclopaedia of Animals: Birds|publisher= Merehurst Press|location=London|pages= 101|isbn= 1-85391-186-0] .

Taxonomy

Buttonquail were traditionally placed in Gruiformes or Galliformes (the crane and pheasant orders). The Sibley-Ahlquist taxonomy elevated them to ordinal status as the Turniciformes and basal to other Neoaves either because their accelerated rate of molecular evolution exceeded the limits of sensitivity of DNA-DNA hybridization or because the authors did not perform the appropriate pairwise comparisons or both. Morphological, DNA-DNA hybridization and sequence data indicate that turnicids correctly belong to the shorebirds (Charadriiformes). [cite journal |author=Paton TA, Baker AJ, Groth JG, Barrowclough GF|year=2003|title=RAG-1 sequences resolve phylogenetic relationships within charadriiform birds |journal=Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution |volume=29 |pages=268-78 |doi=10.1016/S1055-7903(03)00098-8 ] [cite journal |author=Fain, Matthew G. & Houde, Peter|year=2004|title=Parallel radiations in the primary clades of birds |journal=Evolution |volume=58 |pages=2558-73 |doi=10.1554/04-235|url=http://biology-web.nmsu.edu/houde/Parallel_radiations.pdf PDF fulltext] cite journal |author=Paton TA, Baker AJ|year=2006|title=Sequences from 14 mitochondrial genes provide a well-supported phylogeny of the Charadriiform birds congruent with the nuclear RAG-1 tree|journal=Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution |volume=39 |pages=657-67 |doi=10.1016/j.ympev.2006.01.011 ] They seem to be an ancient group among these, as indicated by the buttonquail-like Early Oligocene fossil "Turnipax" and the collected molecular data.

pecies

Family: Turnidae
* Genus: "Ortyxelos"
** Quail-plover, "Ortyxelos meiffrenii"
* Genus: "Turnix"
** Small Buttonquail, or Andalusian Hemipode, "Turnix sylvatica"
** Philippine Buttonquail, "Turnix worcesteri"
** Sumba Buttonquail, "Turnix everetti"
** Hottentot Buttonquail, "Turnix hottentotta"
** Yellow-legged Buttonquail, "Turnix tanki"
** Barred Buttonquail, "Turnix suscitator"
** Madagascar Buttonquail, "Turnix nigricollis"
** Spotted Buttonquail, "Turnix ocellata"
** Black-breasted Buttonquail, "Turnix melanogaster"
** Painted Buttonquail, "Turnix varia"
** Chestnut-backed Buttonquail, "Turnix castanota"
** Red-chested Buttonquail, "Turnix pyrrhothorax"
** Red-backed Buttonquail, "Turnix maculosa"
** Little Buttonquail, "Turnix velox"
** Buff-breasted Buttonquail, "Turnix olivei"

References

* Sibley, Charles Gald & Ahlquist, Jon Edward (1990): "Phylogeny and classification of birds". Yale University Press, New Haven, Conn.

External links

* [http://ibc.hbw.com/ibc/phtml/familia.phtml?idFamilia=42 Buttonquail videos] on the Internet Bird Collection
* [http://www.cyberquail.com/ cyberquail]


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См. также в других словарях:

  • buttonquail — noun /ˈbʌtɜn,kweɪl/lang=en Any of several species of small terrestrial birds in the genus Turnix of the family Turnicidae. Syn: hemipode …   Wiktionary

  • Buff-breasted Buttonquail — Taxobox name = Buff breasted Buttonquail status = EN | status system = IUCN3.1 regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Aves ordo = Turniciformes familia = Turnicidae genus = Turnix species = T. olivei binomial = Turnix olivei binomial… …   Wikipedia

  • Black-breasted Buttonquail — Taxobox name = Black breasted Buttonquail status = VU | status system = IUCN3.1 regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Aves ordo = Turniciformes familia = Turnicidae genus = Turnix species = T. melanogaster binomial = Turnix melanogaster… …   Wikipedia

  • Common Buttonquail — Kurrichane Buttonquail Conservation status Least Concern ( …   Wikipedia

  • Barred Buttonquail — Conservation status …   Wikipedia

  • Small Buttonquail — Taxobox name = Small Buttonquail status = LC | status system = IUCN3.1 regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Aves ordo = Turniciformes familia = Turnicidae genus = Turnix species = T. sylvatica binomial = Turnix sylvatica binomial… …   Wikipedia

  • Black-rumped Buttonquail — Taxobox name = Black rumped Buttonquail status = LC | status system = IUCN3.1 regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Aves ordo = Gruiformes familia = Turnicidae genus = Turnix species = T. hottentottus binomial = Turnix hottentottus… …   Wikipedia

  • Painted Buttonquail — Taxobox name = Painted Buttonquail status = LC | status system = IUCN3.1 regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Aves ordo = Turniciformes familia = Turnicidae genus = Turnix species = T. varia binomial = Turnix varia binomial authority =… …   Wikipedia

  • Little Buttonquail — Taxobox name = Little Buttonquail status = LC | status system = IUCN3.1 status ref = [IUCN2006|assessors=BirdLife International|year=2004|id=47246|title=Turnix velox|downloaded=11 May 2006 Database entry includes justification for why this… …   Wikipedia

  • Yellow-legged Buttonquail — Taxobox name = Yellow legged Buttonquail status = LC | status system = IUCN3.1 regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Aves ordo = Turniciformes familia = Turnicidae genus = Turnix species = T. tanki binomial = Turnix tanki binomial… …   Wikipedia


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