- Philadelphia Eagles
NFL team | name = Philadelphia Eagles
founded = 1933
city = Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
colors = Midnight Green, Black, White, Silver
general manager =
mascot = Swoop "changed from blitz in 1988"
Fly, Eagles Fly
hist_yr = 1944
* Philadelphia Eagles (1933-1942)
* Philadelphia-Pittsburgh "
NFL_start_yr = 1933
*Eastern Division (1933-1949)
*American Conference (1950-1952)
*Eastern Conference (1953-1969)
**Capitol Division (1967-1969)
National Football Conference(1970-present)
no_league_champs = 3
no_conf_champs = 3
no_div_champs = 11
*NFL Championships (3)
1948, 1949, 1960
*NFL Eastern: 1960
*NFC: 1980, 2004
*NFL East: 1947, 1948, 1949, 1960
*NFC East: 1980, 1988, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2006
*Philadelphia Municipal Stadium (1936–1939; 1941)
Connie Mack Stadium(1940; 1942–1957)
Lincoln Financial Field(2003–Present)The Philadelphia Eagles are a professional American footballteam based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. They are current members of the NFC East of the National Football Conference(NFC). The Eagles have won three NFL titles and made two Super Bowlappearances (1980 and 2004).
With the Frankford Yellow Jackets franchise remaining dormant for an extended time, Bert Bell purchased the rights to a Philadelphia franchise in 1933. Named for a symbol of FDR's New Deal, the Philadelphia Eagles began play.
Many Eagles players have made the NFL Hall of Fame including
Chuck Bednarik, Bob Brown, Reggie White, Steve Van Buren, Tommy McDonald, Earle "Greasy" Neale, Pete Pihos, Sonny Jurgensenand Norm Van Brocklin. Owner and NFL Commisioner Bert Bellwas also inducted.
details|History of the Philadelphia EaglesHalf-way through the 1931 season, in the NFL, the
Frankford Yellow Jacketswent bankrupt and ceased operations. After more than a year of searching for a suitable replacement, the NFL awarded the dormant franchise to a syndicate headed by Bert Belland Lud Wray, in exchange for an entry fee of $2,500. Drawing inspiration from the insignia of the centerpiece of President Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal, the National Recovery Act, Bell and Wray named the new franchise the Philadelphia Eagles. (Neither the Eagles nor the NFL officially regard the two franchises as the same, citing the aforementioned period of dormancy; furthermore,markell is the biggest eagles fan almost no Yellow Jackets players were on the Eagles' first roster. Some observers, however, believe the two teams should be treated as one). The Eagles, along with the Pittsburgh Steelersand the defunct Cincinnati Reds, joined the NFL as expansion teams.
The Eagles struggled over the course of their first decade, enduring repeated losing seasons. In 1943, when manpower shortages stemming from
World War IImade it impossible to fill the roster, the team temporarily merged with the Pittsburgh Steelersto form a team known as "the Phil-Pitt Steagles. And Pennsylvania Steagles" (The merger, never intended as a permanent arrangement, was dissolved at the end of the 1943 season.) By the late 1940s, head coach Earle "Greasy" Nealeand running back Steve Van Burenled the team to three consecutive NFL Championship Games, winning two of them in 1948 and 1949. Those two Championships mark the Eagles as the only NFL team ever to win back to back Championships by shutouts, defeating the Chicago Cardinals 7-0 in 1948 and the Los Angeles Rams 14-0 in 1949.
The Eagles won their third NFL championship in 1960 under the leadership of future
Pro Football Hall of Famers Norm Van Brocklinand Chuck Bednarik; the head coach was Buck Shaw. The 1960 Eagles, by a score of 17-13, became the only team to defeat Vince Lombardiand his Packersin the playoffs.
Leonard Tosebought the Philadelphia Eagles from Jerry Wolmanfor $16,155,000 [http://www.philadelphiaeagles.com/pdf/Y_B_YHISTORY.pdf] , then a record for a professional sports franchise. Tose's first official act was to fire Coach Joe Kuharich. He followed this by naming former Eagles receiving great Pete Retzlaffas General Managerand Jerry Williamsas coach.
In 1976, along with
General ManagerJimmy Murray better known as funky chicken, lured Dick Vermeilfrom UCLAto coach the Eagles, who had only one winning season from 1962–75. Vermeil's 1980 team lost to Oakland in the Super Bowl. In January 1983, Tose announced that his daughter, Susan Fletcher, the Eagles' vice president and legal counsel, would eventually succeed him as primary owner of the Eagles.
In 1985 Tose was forced to sell the Eagles to
Norman Bramanand Ed Leibowitz, highly successful automobile dealers from Florida, for a reported $65 million to pay off his more than $25 million in gambling debts at Atlantic Citycasinos.
With the merger of the
NFLand AFL in 1970, the Eagles were placed in the NFC EastDivision with their archrivals the New York Giants, the Washington Redskins, and the Dallas Cowboys. But they would not qualify for the postseason again until 1978 when head coach Dick Vermeiland quarterback Ron Jaworskiled the team to four consecutive playoff appearances, including their first NFC Eastdivision title in 1980 and a Super Bowl XVloss to the Oakland Raiders.
Philadelphia football struggled through the
Marion Campbellyears of the mid 1980s and was marked by a malaise in fan participation. In 1986, the arrival of head coach Buddy Ryanand his fiery attitude rejuvenated team performance and ignited the fan base. From 1988 to 1996, the Eagles qualified for the playoffs during 6 out of those 9 seasons, but they won the NFC Eastonly once, in 1988. Among the team's offensive stars during that period were quarterback Randall Cunningham, tight end Keith Jackson, and running back Herschel Walker. But the "Gang Green" defense is what defined the team, led by Reggie White, Jerome Brown, Clyde Simmons, Seth Joyner, Wes Hopkins, Mike Golic, Byron Evans, Eric Allen, and Andre Waters.
Jeffrey Lurie bought the Eagles on May 6, 1994 from then owner Norman Braman for $195 million. The club is now estimated to be worth $1.024 billion, as valuated in 2006 by Forbes. In 1999, the Eagles hired head coach
Andy Reidand drafted quarterback Donovan McNabb. From that time on the team continually improved, returning to the playoffs in 2000, then succeeding in winning the NFC Eastand playing in four consecutive conference championship games between 2001 and 2004. After losing the conference championship in 2001 to the St. Louis Rams, in 2002 to the eventual Super Bowl Champions Tampa Bay Buccaneersand 2003 to the Carolina Panthers, the Eagles finally advanced to the Super Bowl again in 2004, Super Bowl XXXIX, where they lost narrowly to the New England Patriots, 24–21. Following a 2005 season marred by injuries and controversy among its star players, the Eagles returned to the playoffs in 2006 with an improbable run of 5 consecutive wins to end the season, bringing the team its fifth NFC East title under Coach Reid. The Eagles finished the 2007 season with 3 consecutive wins, but failed to make the playoffs, finishing 8–8.
Logo and uniforms
For several decades, the Eagles ' colors were
Kelly green, silver, and white. Since the 1950s, the club's helmets have featured eagle wings, originally silver on a Kelly green helmet. In 1969, the team wore two helmet versions: Kelly green with white wings for road games, and white with Kelly green wings for home games. From 1970 to 1973, they wore the white helmets with Kelly green wings exclusively before switching back to Kelly green helmets with silver wings. By 1974 the silver wings took on a white outline, and this style on a Kelly green helmet became standard for over two decades. In 1969, the team introduced a stylized logo featuring an eagle carrying a football in its claws. This logo was redrawn several years later to be made more realistic.
However, both the logo and uniforms were radically altered in 1996. The primary Kelly green color was changed to a darker shade (
Hex triplet: #003b48) officially described as "midnight green"; silver was practically abandoned, as uniform pants moved to either white or the aforementioned midnight green; and the traditional helmet wings were changed to a primarily white color, with silver and black accents. The team's logo combination - the stylized eagle and club name lettering - also changed in 1996, with the eagle itself limited to a white (bald eagle) head, drawn in a less realistic, more cartoon-based style, and the lettering changing from calligraphic to block letters.
Since the 1996 alterations, the team has made only minor alterations, mostly relating to jersey/pant combinations worn during specific games. For example, in 1997, against the
San Francisco 49ers, the team wore midnight green jerseys and pants for the first of only 2 occasions in team history. And in the first two games of the 2003 season (both home losses to Tampa Bay and New England), the Eagles wore white jerseys with white pants. The white jerseys along with white pants are worn during all preseason games, since 2003. However, in every regular season game since the New England loss, when the team has worn the white jersey they have paired it with green pants.
The 2003 season also saw the first (though only subtle) change to the 1996-style uniform. On both white and green jerseys, black shadows and silver trim were added to both the green and white numbering. The stripe on the pants changed from black-green-black to black-silver-green on the white pants, and from a solid black stripe to one stripe of black, another of silver, with one small white stripe in between for the midnight green pants. The 2003 season also saw the team debut black alternate jerseys, with a green (instead of black) shadow on white numbers, and silver trim. These black jerseys have been worn for two selected home games each season (usually the first home game after BYE week and season finale). In the 2003 and 2004 regular-season home finales, the team wore the green road pants with the black alternate jerseys, but lost each game. Since then, the Eagles have only worn the black jerseys with the white pants. However, the Eagles did not wear the alternate black jersey during the 2007 season. The team also started wearing black shoes exclusively in 2004.
Like most NFL teams, the Eagles generally wear their midnight green jerseys and white pants for home games while wearing the white jersey and green pants for road games. However, since 2003, the Eagles have worn their white road jersey for their home opener at Lincoln Financial Field. The Eagles also wear their white jersey at home against the Dallas Cowboys.
To celebrate the team's 75th anniversary, the 2007 uniforms feature a 75th season logo patch on the left shoulder. In addition, the team wore 'throwback' jerseys in a 2007 game against the
Detroit Lions. The yellow and blue jerseys, the same colors found on Philadelphia's city flag, are based on those worn by the Philadelphia Eagles in the team's inaugural season, and were the same colors used by the former Frankford Yellowjacketsfranchise prior to their suspension of operations in 1931. The Eagles beat Detroit, 56-21 [ [http://www.philadelphiaeagles.com/homeNewsDetail.jsp?id=67623 Eagles Unveil 75th Anniversary Plans - Philadelphia Eagles ] ] .
"Fly, Eagles Fly, on The Road to Victory!"
"Fight, Eagles, Fight, Score a Touchdown 1-2-3!"
"Hit 'em low, hit 'em high,"
"And watch our Eagles fly!"
"Fly, Eagles fly, On The Road to Victory!"
The Eagles fight song is heard after every Eagles touchdown at home.
The Eagles begin each season with summer training camp at the football facilities of
Lehigh Universityin Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, located about 50 miles north of Philadelphia in Pennsylvania's Lehigh Valley. Eagles training camp in Bethlehem is notable for routinely drawing some of the largest and most enthusiastic crowds of any NFL team's training camp, [ [http://www.philadelphiaeagles.com/news/newsDetail.jsp?id=3104 News - Philadelphia Eagles ] ] with crowds typically exceeding 10,000 and sometimes as many as 20,000 to the Eagles' twice-daily training camp practices.
Eagles fans' devotion to their team is reflected by ticket sales: games are invariably sold out, and the waiting list for season tickets numbers 60,000. [cite web
url = http://www.philadelphiaeagles.com/team/frontofficebio.jsp?id=658
title = Front Office Bio - Joe Banner
publisher = PhiladelphiaEagles.com
accessdate = 2006-06-22] In June 2006, tickets for home games were sold out in a matter of minutes after phone and internet lines opened.cite web
last = Berman
first = Zack
url = http://www.philadelphiaeagles.com/homeNewsDetail.jsp?id=50198
title = Single Game Tickets Sold Out!
publisher = PhiladelphiaEagles.com
accessdate = 2006-06-22] Despite finishing with a 6-10 record in the 2005-2006 season, the Eagles ranked second in the NFL in merchandise sales the following year.
Eagles fans have become notorious in the NFL for their enthusiasm, knowledge and team loyalty, and especially for their bad behavior. Eagles' fans enthusiastically embrace hard-edged, dedicated play, but they have also turned quickly against teams perceived as lacking a sufficient commitment to winning.
The Philadelphia Eagles have several celebrity fans, predominantly including celebrities who currently live, or once lived, in or near Philadelphia, including:
Jim Cramer, CNBCtelevision host, former hedge fundmanager. [ [http://madmoneyrecap.com/daily_recap_openingsegment_091207.htm "Mad Money Recap," September 12, 2007.] ]
*Matthew Fox, actor, former male model. [ [http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0289142/ Matthew Fox trivia section at IMDB.] ]
*Michael Johns, health care executive, author, former
White HousePresidential speechwriter. [ [http://michaeljohnsonfreedomandprosperity.blogspot.com/2007/04/giving-kevin-kolb-benefit-of-doubt.html "Giving Kevin Kolb the Benefit of the Doubt," by Michael Johns, Michael Johns blog, April 28, 2007.] ]
Ryan Phillippe, actor. [ [http://trouble.philadelphiaweekly.com/archives/2006/06/quote_of_the_da_1.html "Quote of the Day: For Philly Fans," The Trouble with Spikol blog, June 16, 2006.] ]
Ed Rendell, Governor of Pennsylvania, former Mayor of Philadelphia, Eagles post-game analyst for Comcast SportsNet Philadelphia. [ [http://www.rasmussenreports.com/public_content/politics/elections/governor_races/pennsylvania_governor_rendell_swann_a_toss_up "Pennsylvania Governor: Rendell-Swann a Toss-up," Rasmussen Reports, January 19, 2006.] ]
Will Smith, rap artist, actor. [http://www.popstarsplus.com/actors_willsmith.htm "PopStarsPlus.com.]
Arlen Specter, U.S. Senator. [ [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9402EEDA143EF930A35752C1A9649C8B63&n=Top/Reference/Times%20Topics/People/S/Specter,%20Arlen "Defending Philly," "The New York Times", November 3, 2002.] ]
Kobe Bryant, Gold Medalist and 3-Time NBA Champion who was born in Philadelphia and his father played for the Philadelphia 76er's.
Eagles Fly for Leukemia, Ronald McDonald Houses
In 1971, Kim Hill, the daughter of Philadelphia Eagles tight end Fred Hill was diagnosed with
leukemia. As Hill and his family dealt with the devastating blow to the family, his teammates and owner Leonard Tose pledged their emotional support.
As Fred continued to research Kim's leukemia, the support of Leonard Tose and the Philadelphia Eagles continued to inspire him. The Eagles held fund raising dinners, the team made individual contributions, and Fred and Kim continued to bravely battle this disease.
After Kim's successful treatment, Fred realized how powerful the spirit of solidarity that his teammates displayed truly was. Fred became committed to helping other families battle pediatric cancers. From helping them identify resources, to assisting financially, Fred and his teammates continued their fight against childhood cancers. In 1972, Philadelphia Eagles owner Leonard Tose officially recognized Eagles Fly for Leukemia as the official philanthropy of the Philadelphia Eagles Football Club.
The spirit of the Eagles and Leonard Tose led to the development of the world's first
Ronald McDonald House, a place for families to find shelter when their children are sick. Now, over 200 Ronald McDonald houses shelter thousands of families around the world.
The spirit continued, and over the last 30 years, "Eagles Fly for Leukemia" has raised over $10 million towards pediatric cancer research and Family Support.
In 1991, Eagles Fly for Leukemia soared higher, and established itself as a free-standing non-profit organization, outside of the Philadelphia Eagles Football Club. However, the spirit remains, with the Eagles continuing to support and encourage Eagles Fly for Leukemia initiatives.
Eagles Youth Partnership
In 1995, in an effort to better give back to the community, Eagles Youth Partnership (EYP) was formed as a
501(c)(3)public charity in the emerging field of sports philanthropy.
Eagles Youth Partnership (EYP) serves over 50,000 low income children in the Greater Philadelphia region every year via two mobile units, the
Eagles Eye Mobile, which gives eye examinations, and the Eagles Book Mobile, a literacy program. EYP is also known for annual playground builds in underserved neighborhoods, an annual chess tournament, and a variety of other programs and events.
The Philadelphia Eagles Football Club is the EYP's largest funder. The Eagles also donate free office space, staff support and other resources in support of the organization. Corporate, foundation and individual donors join to support Eagles Youth Partnership's efforts.
Players of note
Pro Football Hall of Famers
Chuck Bednarik(1967) - 1949–1962
Bert Bell(1963) - 1933–1940
*Bob Brown (2004) - 1964–1968
Mike Ditka(1988) - 1967–1968
Bill Hewitt(1971) - 1937–1939
Sonny Jurgensen(1983) - 1957–1963
James Lofton(2003) - 1993
*John Madden (2007) - Drafted in 1958, never played in a game due to training camp injury
Ollie Matson(1972) - 1964–1966
Tommy McDonald(1998) - 1957–1963
*James Arthur "Art" Monk (2008) - 1995
Earle "Greasy" Neale(1969) - 1941–1950
Pete Pihos(1970) - 1947–1955
Jim Ringo(1981) - 1964–1967
Norm Van Brocklin(1971) - 1958–1960
Steve Van Buren(1965) - 1944–1951
Reggie White(2006) - 1985–1992
Alex Wojciechowicz(1968) - 1946–1950
Steve Van Buren, HB/S, 1944–51
Tom Brookshier, DB, 1953–61
Pete Retzlaff, RB/WR/TE, 1956–66
Chuck Bednarik, C/LB, 1949–62
Al Wistert, OT, 1943–51
Reggie White, DE, 1985–92
Jerome Brown, DT, 1986–92
Eagles Honor Roll
In 1987, the Eagles Honor Roll was established. Each Eagle player who had by then been elected into the
Pro Football Hall of Famewas among the inaugural induction class.
Current Eagles Honor Roll members include:
Chuck Bednarik, C-LB, 1949–62, inducted 1987
Bert Bell, founder-owner, 1933–40, inducted 1987
Harold Carmichael, WR, 1971–83, inducted 1987
*56 Bill Hewitt, TE-DE, 1936–39 and 1943, inducted 1987
Sonny Jurgensen, QB, 1957–63, inducted 1987
Wilbert Montgomery, RB, 1977–84, inducted 1987
Earle "Greasy" Neale, Head Coach, 1941–50, inducted 1987
Pete Pihos, TE-DE, 1947–55, inducted 1987
Ollie Matson, RB, 1964–66, inducted 1987
Jim Ringo, C, 1964–67, inducted 1987
Norm Van Brocklin, QB, 1958–60, inducted 1987
Steve Van Buren, RB-S, 1944–51, inducted 1987
Alex Wojciechowicz, C-DT, 1946–50, inducted 1987
Bill Bergey, LB, 1974–80, inducted 1988
Tommy McDonald, WR, 1957–63, inducted 1988
Tom Brookshier, CB, 1954–61, inducted 1989
Pete Retzlaff, TE, 1956–66, inducted 1989
Timmy Brown, RB, 1960–67, inducted 1990
Jerry Sisemore, OT, 1973–84, inducted 1991
Stan Walters, OT, 1975–83, inducted 1991
Ron Jaworski, QB, 1977–86, inducted 1992
*28 Bill Bradley, S-P, 1969–76, inducted 1993
Dick Vermeil, Head Coach, 1976-82, inducted 1994
*Jim Gallagher, team executive, 1949-95, inducted 1995
Mike Quick, WR, 1982-90, inducted 1995
Jerome Brown, DT, 1987-91, inducted 1996
Otho Davis, head trainer, 1973-95, inducted 1999
Reggie White, DE, 1987-92, inducted 2006
Despite having his number 70 retired, Al Wistert has not yet been inducted into the Eagles Honor Roll.
Bednarik, Bell, Pihos, Van Buren, McDonald, White and broadcaster Bill Campbell have all been inducted into the Philadelphia Sports Hall of Fame.
75th anniversary team
Other notable alumni (excluding Hall of Fame and Honor Roll inductees)
Tony Franklin, K
Max Runager, P
Roman Gabriel, QB
Paul McFadden, K
Jim McMahon, QB
Randall Cunningham, QB
Norm Snead, QB
Tom Dempsey, K
Andre Waters, SS
Eric Allen, CB
Bobby Taylor, CB
Duce Staley, RB
Troy Vincent, CB
Edgar Manske, E
Al Nelson, DB
*29 Harold Jackson , WR
Ricky Watters, RB
Herschel Walker, RB
Keith Byars, RB
Randy Logan, S
Roynell Young, CB
Herman Edwards, CB
Izel Jenkins, CB
Jon Ritchie, FB
Wes Hopkins, S
*51 William Thomas, LB
*53 Hugh Douglas, DE
Frank LeMaster, LB
Byron Evans, LB
*56 Jerry Robinson, LB
Seth Joyner, LB
*65 Charlie Johnson, DT
Dennis Harrison, DE
Woody Peoples, G
Jermane Mayberry, OT
*76 Bob Brown, OT
Frank Kilroy, OT
Carl Hairston, DE
Cris Carter, WR
Irving Fryar, WR
Tim Rossovich, LB
*85 Charlie Smith, WR
Fred Barnett, WR
Claude Humphrey, DE
John Spagnola, TE
*88 Keith Jackson, TE
Calvin Williams, WR
Mike Golic, DT
*95 William Fuller, DE
*95 John Bunting, LB
Clyde Simmons, DE
Coaches of note
Radio and television
Beginning with the 2008 season, Eagles games will now be broadcasted on both 94.1 WYSP-FM and Sports Radio 610 WIP-AM, as both stations are owned and operated by
CBSRadio. Merrill Reese, who joined the Eagles in the mid-1970s, is the play-by-play announcer, and former Eagles wide receiver Mike Quickis the color analyst. Former Eagles linebacker Bill Bergeyis among several Eagles post-game commentators on WYSP.
The Eagles also helped to usher in the
televisionas a national phenomenon in the United States, when a contest between the Eagles and the Brooklyn Dodgers became the first NFL game broadcast on a major television network ( NBC) on October 22, 1939.
Notes and references
* [http://www.philadelphiaeagles.com/ Philadelphia Eagles official web site]
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