List of woodwind instruments


List of woodwind instruments

Main article: Woodwind instrument.

Flutes

Open

Side-blown

* Bansuri (India)
* Dizi (China)
* Flute
** Fife
** Piccolo
** Western concert flute
** Alto flute
** Bass flute
** Contra-alto flute
** Contrabass flute
** Double contrabass flute
** Hyperbass flute
* Irish flute
* Koudi (China)
* Nohkan (Japan)
* Ryuteki (Japan)
* Shinobue (Japan)
* Veena (South India)

End-blown

* Kaval
* Ney
* Danso (Korea)
* Hocchiku (Japan)
* Hun (Korea)
* Palendag (Philippines)
* Panflute
* Quena (South America)
* Shakuhachi (Japan)
* Suling (Indonesia/Philippines)
* Tumpong (Philippines)
* Xiao (China)
* Xun (China)

Internal Duct (fipple)

* Diple (or Dvojnice) (Croatia)
* Flageolet (France}
* Fujara (Slovakia)
* Gemshorn (Germany)
* Ocarina (China)
* Organ pipe The pipes of the church/chamber organ are actually fipple flutes.
* Recorder (Germany)
* Tin Whistle
* Shvi (Armenia)
* Dilli Kaval (Turkey)

Single-reed

*Albogue (Spain)
*Alboka (Basque Country, Spain)
*Arghul (Egypt and other Arabic nations)
*Aulochrome
*Chalumeau
*Clarinet
**Piccolo (or sopranino, or octave) clarinet
**Soprano clarinet (including E-flat clarinet)
**Saxonette
**Basset clarinet
**Clarinette d'amour
**Basset horn
**Alto clarinet
**Bass clarinet
**Contra-alto clarinet
**Contrabass clarinet
**Octocontra-alto clarinet
**Octocontrabass clarinet
*Diplica (Baranya)
*Double clarinet
*Heckel-clarina
*Heckelphone-clarinet
*Hornpipe
*Launeddas (Sardinia)
*Mijwiz (Arabic nations)
*Octavin
*Pibgorn
*Saxophone
**Soprillo
**Sopranino saxophone
**Soprano saxophone
**Mezzo-soprano saxophone
**Alto saxophone
**Tenor saxophone
**C melody saxophone
**Baritone saxophone
**Bass saxophone
**Contrabass saxophone
**Subcontrabass saxophone
**Tubax
*Sipsi
*Tárogató (after 1890)
*Xaphoon
*Zhaleika

Double-reed

Exposed

* Alghaita (Niger)
* Balaban (Azerbaijan)
* Bassanelli
* Bassoon
** Contrabassoon
* Bifora (Sicily)
* Bombarde (France)
* Catalan shawm
* Cromorne (French baroque, different from the crumhorn)
* Duduk (Armenia)
* Dulcian
* Dulzaina (Spain)
* Guan (China)
* Heckelphone
**Piccolo heckelphone
*Hichiriki (Japan)
*Kèn bầu (Vietnam)
* Mizmar (Arabic nations)
* Nadaswaram
* Oboe
** Piccolo oboe
** Oboe d'amore
** Cor anglais (i.e. English horn)
** Oboe da caccia
** Bass oboe
** Contrabass oboe
*Piri (Korea)
*Pommer (Europe)
* Rackett (Europe)
* Reed contrabass/"Contrabass à anche"
* Rhaita (North Africa)
* Rothphone
* Sarrusophone (but often played with single reed mouthpiece)
* Shawm (schalmei)
* Sopila (Croatia)
* Sorna (Persia)
* Suona (China)
* Surnay (Iran)
* Taepyeongso (Korea)
* Tárogató (Hungary; up to about the 18th century)
* Tromboon
* Trompeta china (Cuba)
* Zurla (Macedonia)
* Zurna

Capped

* Bagpipes (see Types of bagpipes)
* Cornamuse
* Crumhorn
* Hirtenschalmei
* Kortholt
* Rauschpfeife

Quadruple reed

*Pi (Thailand)
* Shehnai (India)
* Sralai (Cambodia)

extuple reed

*Hne (Myanmar)


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