Franz Babinger


Franz Babinger

Franz Babinger (January 15, 1891 - June 23, 1967) was a pioneering historian of the Ottoman Empire, best known for his authoritative biography of the great Ottoman emperor Mehmed II known as the Conqueror, originally published as "Mehmed der Eroberer und seine Zeit". An English translation by Ralph Mannheim is available from Princeton University Press under the title "Mehmed the Conqueror and his time".

Life

Babinger was born in Weiden, Bavaria and was already an accomplished academic and linguist by the time he had completed his secondary school studies. Prior to starting University, he had already learned both Persian and Hebrew.

Babinger completed his doctoral studies at the University of Munich on the eve of World War One, whereafter he joined the German Army. Because of his language skills and abilities, Babinger served in the Middle East, thus avoiding the deadly trench warfare that cut short the lives of many promising scholars of his generation.

After the war, Babinger continued his studies at Friedrich-Wilhelms Universität in Berlin where he completed his Habilitationschrift in 1921 and became a Professor at the same institution. During this period, he published "Geschichtsschreiber der Osmanen und ihre Werke" ("Historians of the Ottoman Empire"), which became the standard bibliographical review of Ottoman historiography and confirmed the reputation of Friedrich-Wilhelms Universität as a leading center for Near East studies. The rise of the Nazis to power in 1933 forced him to resign his position. However, the great Romanian statesman, academic and polymath Nicolae Iorga, himself a widely respected historian of the Ottoman Empire, invited Babinger to take up a position in Bucharest, which he held until he was ordered out of the country in 1943.

Babinger resumed his teaching career after the Second World War at the University of Munich in 1948 until his retirement in 1958. In 1957, he testified about German atrocities against Romanian Jews. He continued to work and publish actively until his accidental death by drowning in Albania on June 231967.

Work

In addition to his bibliographical work, Babinger published numerous articles and books on a wide variety of subjects. Babinger knew Turkish, Romanian and Arabic as well as the principal European languages, giving his work a scope and authority that had hitherto rarely been displayed in Near Eastern studies.

As a result of his reputation, his magnum opus "Mehmed the Conqueror" was published without any accompanying notes on source material at all, since the companion volume outlining his extensive and voluminous sources was sadly unfinished at the time of his death. As a result, Mehmed the Conqueror is one of the few academic works available with no cited sources and whose authority rests solely on the reputation of the author's research abilities.

In a testament to the outstanding breadth of that research, his papers and library were acquired in 1973 by the Near East Section of the University of Washington Libraries to complement their collection.

Principal Publications

:Geschichtsschreiber der Osmanen und ihre Werke (1923):Mehmed der Eroberer und seine Zeit (1953)


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  • Franz Babinger — (* 15. Januar 1891 in Weiden i.d.OPf.; † 23. Juni 1967 in Durrës, Albanien) war ein deutscher Historiker und Orientalist, der sich besonders auf dem Gebiet der Osmanistik verdient machte. Nach seinem Studium promovierte er an der Universität… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Babinger — Franz Babinger (* 15. Januar 1891 in Weiden in der Oberpfalz; † 23. Juni 1967 in Durres, Albanien) war ein deutscher Historiker und Orientalist, der sich besonders auf dem Gebiet der Osmanistik verdient machte. Nach seinem Studium promovierte er… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Babinger — Babinger,   Franz, Orientalist, * Weiden in der Oberpfalz 15. 1. 1891, ✝ Durrës 23. 6. 1967; Professor in Berlin, Jassy und München; arbeitete besonders über frühosmanische Geschichte, die Türkenherrschaft in Südosteuropa sowie abendländisch… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Mehmed II. — Mehmed II. (‏محمد بن مراد‎ / Meḥemmed[1] b. Murād; * 30. März 1432 in Edirne; † 3. Mai 1481 bei Gebze), genannt ‏ابو الفتح‎ / Ebū ʾl Fetḥ /‚Vater der Eroberung‘ und später ‏فاتح‎ / Fātiḥ /‚ …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tughra — (osmanisch ‏طغرى / طغرا‎, İA ṭuġra, pl. ṭuġrāwāt, heutige türkische Schreibung: tuğra, IPA [tuːra]) ist die Bezeichnung für den Namenszug des osmanischen Sultans, der – vergleichbar der handschriftlichen Unterzeichnung und dem Siegel… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tugra — Tughra (osmanisch ‏طغرا‎, heutige türkische Schreibung: tuğra) ist die Bezeichnung für den Namenszug des osmanischen Sultans, der – vergleichbar der handschriftlichen Unterzeichnung und dem Siegel westlicher Herrscher – handgeschrieben und gemalt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Asikpasazade — ʿĀşıḳpaşazāde (osmanisch: ‏عاشق باشا زاده‎), mit vollem Namen Dervīş Aḥmed bin Şeyḫ Yaḥyā bin Şeyḫ Selmān bin Balı ʿĀşıḳ Paşa bin Muḫliṣ Baba bin Baba İlyās, bekannt auch unter dem nom de plume (osm. mahlas) ʿĀşıḳī, (* vermutlich 1400 in Elvān… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Aşıkpaşazade — ʿĀşıḳpaşazāde (osmanisch: ‏عاشق باشا زاده‎), mit vollem Namen Dervīş Aḥmed bin Şeyḫ Yaḥyā bin Şeyḫ Selmān bin Balı ʿĀşıḳ Paşa bin Muḫliṣ Baba bin Baba İlyās, bekannt auch unter dem nom de plume (osm. mahlas) ʿĀşıḳī, (* vermutlich 1400 in Elvān… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Āşıḳpaşazāde — ʿĀşıḳpaşazāde (osmanisch: ‏عاشق باشا زاده‎), mit vollem Namen Dervīş Aḥmed bin Şeyḫ Yaḥyā bin Şeyḫ Selmān bin Balı ʿĀşıḳ Paşa bin Muḫliṣ Baba bin Baba İlyās, bekannt auch unter dem nom de plume (osm. mahlas) ʿĀşıḳī, (* vermutlich 1400 in Elvān… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Aschikpaschazade — ʿĀşıḳpaşazāde (osmanisch ‏عاشق پاشا زاده‎), mit vollem Namen Dervīş Aḥmed bin Şeyḫ Yaḥyā bin Şeyḫ Selmān bin Balı ʿĀşıḳ Paşa bin Muḫliṣ Baba bin Baba İlyās, bekannt auch unter dem nom de plume (osm. mahlas) ʿĀşıḳī, (* vermutlich 1400 in …   Deutsch Wikipedia