- Chester Bowles
Chester Bliss Bowles 78th Governor of Connecticut In office
January 5, 1949 – January 3, 1951
Lieutenant William T. Carroll Preceded by James C. Shannon Succeeded by John Davis Lodge Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Connecticut's 2nd district In office
January 3, 1959 – January 3, 1961
Preceded by Horace Seely-Brown Succeeded by Horace Seely-Brown 22nd Under Secretary of State In office
January 25 – December 3, 1961
President John F. Kennedy Preceded by C. Douglas Dillon Succeeded by George W. Ball 3rd United States Ambassador to India In office
October 10, 1951 – March 21, 1953
President Harry S. Truman, Dwight D. Eisenhower Preceded by Loy W. Henderson Succeeded by George V. Allen 8th United States Ambassador to India In office
July 19, 1963 – April 21, 1969
President John F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson, Richard Nixon Preceded by John Kenneth Galbraith Succeeded by Kenneth B. Keating Personal details Born April 5, 1901
Died May 25, 1986(aged 85)
Political party Democratic Spouse(s) (1) Julia Fisk
(2) Dorothy Stebbins
Born in Springfield, Massachusetts, Bowles attended The Choate School (now Choate Rosemary Hall) in Wallingford, Connecticut, graduating in 1919, and the Sheffield Scientific School at Yale University, earning a Bachelor of Science degree in 1924. After working for a year as a reporter, Bowles became an advertising copywriter and later established the Benton & Bowles advertising agency with William Benton in 1929. Despite the Great Depression, by the mid-1930s Benton and Bowles was a multi-million dollar company. Bowles served as chairman of the board for the company from 1936, and by 1941 was making $250,000 per year.
Bowles sold his shares in the company in December 1941 for a substantial profit and attempted to join the Navy, but was rejected because of an ear problem. He then took a job with the state of Connecticut in the wartime rationing administration, later becoming state director of price administration. He was appointed by President Roosevelt in 1943 as administrator of the Office of Price Administration, and also served on the federal boards for War Production and Petroleum.
In 1946 he was appointed director of the Office of Economic Stabilization, and also ran an unsuccessful race for the Democratic gubernatorial nomination in Connecticut. That year Bowles also was one of the American delegates to the first UNESCO conference in Paris. He served as special assistant to UN Secretary General Trygve Lie in 1947-8, and was International Chairman of the United Nations Children's Appeal from 1948-51.
Bowles was elected to the governorship of Connecticut in 1948, defeating James C. Shannon, and served one term, during which time he signed into law an end to segregation in the state national guard. During his term, Bowles was also active in improving education, mental health, housing and workmen's compensation. His liberal views and policies while governor are attributed by most as the main reason he lost his re-election bid in 1950.
He was appointed as United States Ambassador to India and Nepal by President Truman, serving from 1951-53. He then won a seat in the House of Representatives for Connecticut's second district, serving one term (1959–60). On more than one occasion he was an unsuccessful candidate for the Democratic nomination for the U.S. Senate.
Selected as a foreign policy adviser in 1960 to Senator John F. Kennedy, Bowles went on to act as chairman of the platform committee for the Democratic National Convention that year. President Kennedy appointed Bowles to the post of Under Secretary of State in 1961. In early December 1961 he was replaced by George Ball as Undersecretary, a consequence of his perceived failure to adequately fulfill his duties as an administrator in the Department of State, and his earlier leaking of his opposition to the Bay of Pigs Invasion. His removal was made part of a broader bureaucratic reshuffle, which became known as the 'Thanksgiving Day Massacre.' In December 1961 he was named the President's Special Representative and Adviser on African, Asian, and Latin American Affairs, and Ambassador at Large. Ostensibly the new position was a promotion, but as was recognised by all involved at the time, this improvised posting was intended to ease Bowles's removal from the Undersecretary's office. In July 1963 Bowles was again made Ambassador to India, a position he would hold through the remainder of the Kennedy administration, and for the duration of Lyndon B. Johnson's presidency.
Bowles was an exceptionally passionate advocate for stronger relations between the United States and India. He enjoyed good relations with India's first prime minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, and he believed that the United States and India shared fundamental democratic values.
In March 1967, Bowles was formally petitioned for political asylum by Svetlana Alliluyeva, a writer and the only daughter of Joseph Stalin, which was then provided and arranged for her to leave India immediately for Switzerland, via Rome.
Bowles died at the age of 85 after suffering a stroke in Essex, Connecticut and is buried there in River View Cemetery.
Books and essays by Chester Bowles
- Tomorrow Without Fear (1946)
- Ambassador's Report (1954)
- The New Dimensions of Peace (1955)
- Africa's Challenge to America (1956)
- What Negroes Can Learn From Gandhi (1958)
- Ideas, People, and Peace (1958)
- The Coming Political Breakthrough (1959)
- The Conscience of a Liberal (1962)
- The Makings of a Just Society (1963)
- Promises to Keep: My Years in Public Life (1971)
- Howard B. Schaffer, Chester Bowles: New Dealer in the Cold War, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1993
- Guide to the Chester Bowles Papers, Manuscripts and Archives, Yale University Library
- Chester Bowles at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- A film clip "Longines Chronoscope with Chester Bowles" is available for free download at the Internet Archive [more]
Political offices Preceded by
James C. Shannon
Governor of Connecticut
John Davis Lodge
C. Douglas Dillon
Under Secretary of State
United States House of Representatives Preceded by
United States Representative for the 2nd Congressional District of Connecticut
Diplomatic posts Preceded by
Loy W. Henderson
United States Ambassador to India
George V. Allen
John Kenneth Galbraith
United States Ambassador to India
Governors of ConnecticutTrumbull, Sr. · M. Griswold · Huntington · Wolcott, Sr. · Trumbull, Jr. · Treadwall · R. Griswold · Smith · Wolcott, Jr. · Tomlinson · Peters · Edwards · Foot · Edwards · Ellsworth · Cleveland · R. S. Baldwin · Toucey · Bissell · J. Trumbull · Seymour · Pond · Dutton · Minor · Holley · Buckingham · Hawley · English · Jewell · English · Jewell · Ingersoll · Hubbard · Andrews · Bigelow · Waller · Harrison · P. Lounsbury · Bulkeley · Morris · Coffin · Cooke · G. Lounsbury · McLean · Chamberlain · Roberts · Woodruff · Lilley · Weeks · S. Baldwin · Holcomb · Lake · Templeton · Bingham · J. H. Trumbull · Cross · R. E. Baldwin · Hurley · R. E. Baldwin · Snow · McConaughy · Shannon · Bowles · Lodge · Ribicoff · Dempsey · Meskill · Grasso · O'Neill · Weicker · Rowland · Rell · Malloy United States Under Secretaries of StateFrank Polk • Norman H. Davis • Henry P. Fletcher • William Phillips • Joseph Grew • Robert E. Olds • J. Reuben Clark • Joseph P. Cotton • William R. Castle, Jr. • William Phillips • Sumner Welles • Edward Stettinius, Jr. • Joseph Grew • Dean Acheson • Robert A. Lovett • James E. Webb • David K. E. Bruce • Walter Bedell Smith • Herbert Hoover, Jr. • Christian Herter • C. Douglas Dillon • Chester Bowles • George Ball • Nicholas Katzenbach • Elliot Richardson • John N. Irwin II United States Ambassadors to IndiaHenry F. Grady · Loy W. Henderson · Chester Bowles · George V. Allen · John Sherman Cooper · Ellsworth Bunker · John Kenneth Galbraith · Chester Bowles · Kenneth Keating · Daniel Patrick Moynihan · William B. Saxbe · Robert F. Goheen · Harry G. Barnes, Jr. · John Gunther Dean · John R. Hubbard · William Clark, Jr. · Thomas R. Pickering · Frank G. Wisner · Dick Celeste · Robert Blackwill · David Mulford · Timothy J. Roemer
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Chester Bowles — Chester Bliss Bowles (* 5. April 1901 in Springfield, Massachusetts; † 2. Mai 1986 in Essex, Connecticut) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker und Gouverneur des Bundesstaates Connecticut. Er war Mitglied der Demokratischen Partei.… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Chester B. Bowles — Chester Bliss Bowles (* 5. April 1901 in Springfield, Massachusetts; † 2. Mai 1986 in Essex, Connecticut) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker und Gouverneur des US Bundesstaates Connecticut. Er war Mitglied der Demokratischen Partei.… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Chester Bliss Bowles — (* 5. April 1901 in Springfield, Massachusetts; † 2. Mai 1986 in Essex, Connecticut) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker und Gouverneur des US Bundesstaates Connecticut. Er war Mitglied der Demokratischen Partei. Inhaltsverzeichnis … Deutsch Wikipedia
Bowles — may refer to:Geographical * Bowles, California * Bowles Hall, an all male residence dormitory at the University of California, BerkeleyPersons* Andrew Parker Bowles (1939 ) * His ex wife, Camilla Parker Bowles (1947 ), wife of Prince Charles *… … Wikipedia
Bowles — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Caroline Bowles (1786–1854), englische Schriftstellerin Chester Bowles (1901–1986), US amerikanischer Politiker und Gouverneur von Connecticut Erskine Bowles (* 1945), US amerikanischer Geschäftsmann und… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Chester Bliss — may refer to: Chester Bowles, full name Chester Bliss Bowles, American diplomat and politician from Connecticut Chester Ittner Bliss, American biologist and statistician This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the same personal… … Wikipedia
Bowles, Chester Bliss — (1901 1986) Born in Springfield, Massachusetts, Chester Bowles attended Choate Rosemary Hall School in Connecticut and then went to Yale University, where he graduated with a B.S. in science in 1924. After working as a journalist, he became an … Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era
Bowles — Bowles, Paul * * * (as used in expressions) Bowles, Chester (Bliss) Bowles, Paul (Frederick) Pearson, Lester B(owles) … Enciclopedia Universal
Bowles — /bohlz/, n. 1. Chester, 1901 86, U.S. statesman and author: special adviser on Afro Asian and Latin American affairs; ambassador to India 1951 53, 1963 69. 2. Paul (Frederic), born 1910?, U.S. novelist and composer. 3. Samuel, 1826 78, U.S.… … Universalium
Chester — /ches teuhr/, n. 1. a city in Cheshire, in NW England: only English city with the Roman walls still intact. 117,200. 2. a city in SE Pennsylvania. 45,794. 3. Cheshire (def. 3). 4. former name of Cheshire (def. 1). 5. a male given name: from a… … Universalium