Order of Battle at the Austerlitz campaign


Order of Battle at the Austerlitz campaign

This is the complete order of battle of the French and Third Coalition armies during the Battle of Austerlitz.

Contents

La Grande Armée

The French army was under the supreme command of Emperor Napoleon, with Marshal Louis Alexandre Berthier as his chief of staff. General of division Nicolas-Marie Songis des Courbons commanded the artillery. The overall strength of the French army during the battle is estimated to have been about 73,000 men of all arms and 139 artillery pieces. This number also includes three battalions of men which made up the Army's train d'artillerie.

Garde Impériale (French Imperial Guard)

Strength: 5,500 men and 24 guns. Marshal Jean-Baptiste Bessières.

  • Infantry of the Guard
    • 1er and 2e Battaillons Grenadiers à Pied (foot grenadiers)
    • 1er and 2e Battaillons Chasseurs à Pied (light infantry)
    • The Grenadiers of the Royal Italian Guard
  • Cavalry of the Guard
  • Artillery of the Guard
    • Light Artillery of the Guard
    • Artillery Train of the Guard

I Corps

Strength: 13,000 men and 24 guns. Marshal Jean Baptiste Bernadotte.

III Corps

Strength: 4,300men (including 830 cavalry) and 12 guns. Marshal Louis Nicolas Davout.

  • 2nd Division - General of Division Louis Friant
    • 15ème Régiment d'lnfanterie Légère
    • 33ème Régiment d'lnfanterie de Ligne
    • 48ème Régiment d'lnfanterie de Ligne
    • 108ème Régiment d'lnfanterie de Ligne
    • 111ème Régiment d'lnfanterie de Ligne
    • 1st Regiment des Dragons (attached from Klein's Ist Dragoon Div.)
  • 4th Dragoon Division - General François Antoine Louis Bourcier
    • 15ème Régiment des Dragons (dragoons)
    • 17ème Régiment des Dragons
    • 18ème Régiment des Dragons
    • 19ème Régiment des Dragons
    • 25ème Régiment des Dragons
    • 27ème Régiment des Dragons
  • Corps Artillery (eight 8pdrs & four 6" howitzers)

IV Corps

Strength: 23,600 men and 35 guns. Marshal Nicolas Jean de Dieu Soult

  • 1st Division - General of Division Louis Vincent Le Blond de Saint-Hilaire
    • 10ème Régiment d'lnfanterie Légère
    • 14ème Régiment d'lnfanterie de Ligne
    • 36ème Régiment d'lnfanterie de Ligne
    • 43ème Régiment d'lnfanterie de Ligne ( attached to Vandamme's Div. during battle )
    • 55ème Régiment d'lnfanterie de Ligne ( attached to Vandamme's Div. during battle )
  • 2nd Division - General of Division Dominique Joseph Rene Vandamme
    • 24ème Régiment d'lnfanterie Légère
    • 4ème Régiment d'lnfanterie de Ligne
    • 28ème Régiment d'lnfanterie de Ligne
    • 46ème Régiment d'lnfanterie de Ligne
    • 57ème Régiment d'lnfanterie de Ligne
  • 3rd Division - General of Division Claude Juste Alexandre Legrand
    • 26ème Régiment d'lnfanterie Légère
    • 3ème Régiment d'lnfanterie de Ligne
    • 18ème Régiment d'lnfanterie de Ligne
    • 75ème Régiment d'lnfanterie de Ligne
    • Tirailleurs du Pô (Italian light infantry)
    • Tirailleurs Corses (Corsican light infantry)
  • Light Cavalry Division - General of Brigade Pierre Margaron
    • 8ème Régiment de Hussards (Hussars)
    • 11ème Régiment de Chasseurs à Cheval
    • 26ème Régiment de Chasseurs à Cheval
  • Corps Artillery - 35 guns (mostly 12pdrs)

V Corps

Strength: 12,700 men and 20 guns. Marshal Jean Lannes

  • 1st Division - General of Division Marie-François Auguste de Caffarelli du Falga (attached from 3rd Corps)
    • 13ème Régiment d'Infanterie Légère
    • 17ème Régiment d'Infanterie de Ligne
    • 30ème Régiment d'Infanterie de Ligne
    • 51ème Régiment d'Infanterie de Ligne
    • 61ème Régiment d'Infanterie de Ligne
  • 3rd Division - General of Division Louis Gabriel Suchet
    • 17ème Régiment d'Infanterie Légère
    • 34ème Régiment d'Infanterie de Ligne
    • 40ème Régiment d'Infanterie de Ligne
    • 64ème Régiment d'Infanterie de Ligne
    • 88ème Régiment d'Infanterie de Ligne
  • Light Cavalry Division - General of Brigade Anne-François-Charles Trelliard
    • 9ème Régiment de Hussards
    • 10ème Régiment de Hussards
    • 13ème Chasseurs à Cheval
    • 21ème Chasseurs à Cheval
  • Corps Artillery 20 guns (mostly 12pdrs)

Grenadier Division

Strength: 5,700 men. General of Division Nicolas Oudinot (present, but convalescent) - effective command given to Grand Marshal of the Palace General of Division Géraud Duroc.

This famous, albeit provisional, formation was composed of elite companies from several regiments that were on garrison duty.

  • Carabinier companies (equivalent to grenadiers in light infantry formations) from:

2ème, 3ème, 15ème, 28ème and Peale Régiments d'Infanterie Légère

  • Grenadier companies from: 9éme, 13ème, 58ème and 81ème Régiments d'lnfanterie de Ligne

Cavalry Reserve

Strength: 7,400 sabres and 36 guns. Marshal Prince Joachim Murat

  • 1st Heavy Cavalry Division - General of Division Étienne Marie Antoine Champion de Nansouty
    • 1st brigade, general of brigade Joseph Piston
      • 1er Régiment de Carabiniers à Cheval, 3 squadrons, 205 men, under colonel Cochois
      • 2ème Régiment de Carabiniers à Cheval, 3 squadrons, 181 men, under colonel Morin
    • 2nd brigade, general of brigade Armand Lebrun de La Houssaye
      • 2ème Régiment de Cuirassiers, 3 squadrons, 304 men under colonel Yvendorff
      • 9ème Régiment de Cuirassiers, 3 squadrons, 280 men, under colonel Doumerc
    • 3rd brigade, general of brigade Antoine Louis Decrest de Saint-Germain
      • 3ème Régiment de Cuirassiers , 3 squadrons, 333 men, under colonel Preval
      • 12ème Régiment de Cuirassiers, 3 squadrons, 277 men, under colonel Belfort
    • Artillery: 4th company, 2nd artillery regiment, 92 men.
  • 2nd Heavy Cavalry Division - General of Division Jean-Joseph Ange d'Hautpoul
    • 1st brigade, colonel Jean-Baptiste Noirot
      • 1er Régiment de Cuirassiers, 3 squadrons, 388 men, under colonel Guiton
      • 5ème Régiment de Cuirassiers, 3 squadrons, 375 men, under colonel Noireau
    • 2nd brigade, general of brigade Raymond-Gaspard de Bonardi de Saint-Sulpice
      • 10ème Régiment de Cuirassiers, 3 squadrons, 254 men, under colonel Lataye
      • 11ème Régiment de Cuirassiers, 3 squadrons, 327 men, under colonel Fouler
    • Artillery: 4th company, 2nd artillery regiment, 42 men
  • 2nd Dragoon Division - General of Division Frédéric Henri Walther
    • 3ème Régiment de Dragons
    • 6ème Régiment de Dragons
    • 10ème Régiment de Dragons
    • 11ème Régiment de Dragons
    • 13ème Régiment de Dragons
    • 22ème Régiment de Dragons
  • 3rd Dragoon Division - General of Division Marc Antoine de Beaumont
    • 5ème Régiment de Dragons
    • 8ème Régiment de Dragons
    • 12ème Régiment de Dragons
    • 16ème Régiment de Dragons
    • 21ème Régiment de Dragons
  • Light Cavalry Division - General of Division François Etienne de Kellermann
    • 2ème Régiment de Hussards
    • 4ème Régiment de Hussards
    • 5ème Régiment de Hussards
    • 5ème Régiment de Chasseurs à Cheval
  • Light Cavalry Brigade - General of Brigade Édouard Jean Baptiste Milhaud
    • 16ème Régiment de Chasseurs à Cheval
    • 22ème Régiment de Chasseurs à Cheval
  • Attached artillery - 36 guns in companies of artillerie à cheval

Army of the Third Coalition

Opposing the French at Austerlitz were the combined imperial armies of Russia and Austria, under the nominal command of Tsar Alexander I and Emperor Francis II, respectively. However, overall field command was taken by the Russian General Mikhail Illarionovich Golenischev-Kutusov. The Austrian forces were led by Lieutenant General Prince Johann von Liechtenstein. Total strength during the battle is approximately 85,400 men and 278 guns of all types.

The Russian Imperial Guard

Strength: 6,730 infantry, 3,700 horsemen, 100 Pioneers and 40 guns. Grand Duke Constantine

  • Infantry of the Guard
    • Izmaylovsky Regiment of Life Guards
    • Semenovsky Regiment of Life Guards
    • Preobrazhensky Regiment of Life Guards
    • Guard Jaeger Battalion (light infantry)
    • Leib-grenadier Regiment
  • Cavalry of the Guard

Advanced Guard of the Tsar's Army

Strength: 9,200 infantry, 4,500 horsemen and 42 guns. Lieutenant-General Peter I. Bagration

  • Infantry
    • 5th Jaeger Regiment
    • 6th Jaeger Regiment
    • Arkhangelgorod Regiment
    • Old Ingermanland Infantry Regiment
    • Pskov Infantry Regiment
  • Cavalry
    • The Empress Cuirassier Regiment
    • Tver Dragoon Regiment
    • St. Petersburg Dragoon Regiment
    • Pavlograd Hussar Regiment
    • Mariupol Hussar Regiment
    • Kiselev Cossack Regiment
    • Malakhov Cossack Regiment
    • Khanzhenkov Cossack Regiment

Advance Guard of General Frederick William Buxhowden

Strength: 3,440 infantry, 3,440 horsemen and 12 light guns. Feldmarschall-Leutnant Michael von Kienmayer

  • 1st Infantry Brigade - General-Major Georg Symon de Carneville
    • Brooder Grenz Infantry Regiment Nr. 7 (500 in 1 battalion)
    • 1st Szekler Grenz Infantry Regiment Nr. 14 (1,300 in 2 battalions)
    • 2nd Szekler Grenz Infantry Regiment Nr. 15 (1,300 in 2 battalions)
    • Pioneers (340 in 3 companies)
  • 1st Cavalry Brigade - General-Major Karl Wilhelm von Stutterheim
  • 2nd Cavalry Brigade - General-Major Johann Nepomuk von Nostitz-Rieneck
    • Schwarzenberg Uhlan Regiment Nr. 2 (100 in one-half squadron)
    • Hessen-Homburg Hussar Regiment Nr. 4 (600 in 6 squadrons)
  • 3rd Cavalry Brigade - General-Major Moritz Liechtenstein
    • Szekler Hussar Regiment Nr. 11 (800 in 8 squadrons)
    • Sysoev Cossack Regiment
    • Melentev Cossack Regiment

First Column

Strength: 13,240 infantry, 250 cavalry, 40 light and 24 heavy guns. Lieutenant-General Dmitry Dokhturov

  • 1st Infantry Brigade - Major General Lewis
    • 7th Jaeger Regiment (one battalion)
    • New Ingermanland Infantry Regiment (three battalions)
    • Yaroslav Infantry Regiment (two battalions)
  • 2nd Infantry Brigade - Major General Urusov
    • Vladimir Infantry Regiment
    • Bryansk Infantry Regiment
    • Vyatka Infantry Regiment
    • Moscow Infantry Regiment
    • Kiev Grenadier Regiment
    • Pioneers (one company)
  • Attached Cavalry
    • Denisov Cossack Regiment

Second Column

Strength: 11,250 infantry, 300 horsemen, and 30 light guns. Lieutenant-General A. Langeron

  • 1st Infantry Brigade - Major-General Olsuviev
    • 8th Jaeger Regiment
    • Viborg Infantry Regiment
    • Perm Infantry Regiment
    • Kursk Infantry Regiment
  • 2nd Infantry Brigade - Major General S. M. Kamensky
    • Ryazhsk Infantry Regiment
    • Fanagoria Grenadier Regiment
    • Pioneers (one company)
  • Attached Cavalry
    • St. Petersburg Dragoon Regiment
    • Isayev Cossack Regiment

Third Column

Strength: 7,700 infantry and 30 light guns. Lieutenant General I. Przebyszewski

  • 1st Infantry Brigade - Major-General Muller
    • 7th Jaeger Regiment
    • 8th Jaeger Regiment
  • 2nd Infantry Brigade - Major-General Selekhov

Fourth Column

Strength: 23,900 infantry, 52 light and 24 heavy guns. Lieutenant-Generals Mikhail Miloradovich and Johann Kollowrat

  • Advanced Guard - Lieutenant-Colonel Monakhtin
    • Novgorod Infantry Regiment (2 battalions)
    • Apsheron Infantry Regiment (1 battalion)
    • Archduke John Dragoon Regiment Nr. 1
  • 1st Infantry Brigade - Major General Wodniansky
    • Novgorod Infantry Regiment (1 battalion)
    • Apsheron Infantry Regiment (2 battalions)
    • Little Russia Grenadier Regiment
    • Smolensk Infantry Regiment
  • 2nd Infantry Brigade - General-Major Heinrich von Rottermund
    • Salzburg Infantry Regiment Nr. 23 (3,000 in 6 battalions)
    • Kaunitz Infantry Regiment Nr. 20 (900 in 1 battalion)
    • Auersperg Infantry Regiment Nr. 24 (600 in 1 battalion)
  • 3rd Infantry Brigade - General-Major Franz von Jurczek
    • Kaiser Infantry Regiment Nr. 1 (1,000 in 1 battalion)
    • Czartoryski Infantry Regiment Nr. 9 (600 in 1 battalion)
    • Reuss-Greitz Infantry Regiment Nr. 55 (600 in 1 battalion)
    • Württemberg Infantry Regiment Nr. 38 (500 in 1 battalion)
    • Beaulieu Infantry Regiment Nr. 58 (500 in 1 battalion)
    • Kerpen Infantry Regiment Nr. 49 (700 in 1 battalion)
    • Lindenau Infantry Regiment Nr. 29 (400 in 1 battalion)
    • Vienna Jäger (300 in 2 companies)
    • Pioneers (340 in 2 companies)

Fifth (Cavalry) Column

Strength: 5,375 horsemen, 24 light pieces. Lieutenant General Prince Johann von Liechtenstein

  • 1st Cavalry Brigade - Major General Johann Karl Caramelli
    • Nassau Cuirassier Regiment # 5 (300 in 6 sqns)
    • Lothringen Cuirassier Regiment # 7 (300 in 6 sqns)
  • 2nd Cavalry Brigade - Major General Johann Weber von Treuenfels
    • Kaiser Cuirassier Regiment # 1 (500 in 8 sqns)
  • 3rd Cavalry Brigade - Major-General Gladkov
    • Grand Duke Constantine Uhlan Regiment
    • Gordeev Cossack Regiment
    • Isayev Cossack Regiment
    • Denisov Cossack Regiment
  • 4th Cavalry Brigade General Adjutant F. P. Uvarov
    • Chernigov Dragoon Regiment
    • Kharkov Dragoon Regiment
    • Elisabetgrad Hussar Regiment

References

  • Duffy, Christopher. Austerlitz 1805. Hamden, Conn.: Archon Books, 1977.
  • Smith, Digby. The Napoleonic Wars Data Book. London: Greenhill, 1998. ISBN 1-85367-276-9

Austrian generals by Digby Smith, compiled by Leopold Kudrna


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