Luigi Schiavonetti


Luigi Schiavonetti

Luigi Schiavonetti (1 April 1765 – 7 June 1810), Italian reproductive engraver and etcher, was born at Bassano in Venetia.

After having studied art for several years he was employed by Testolini, an engraver of very indifferent abilities, to execute imitations of Bartolozzi's works, which he passed off as his own. In 1790 Testolini was invited by Bartolozzi to join him in England, and, it having been discovered that Schiavonetti, who accompanied him, had executed the plates in question, he was employed by Bartolozzi and became an eminent engraver in both the line and the stipple manner. Among his early works are four plates of subjects from the French Revolution, after Benazech.

Schiavonetti engraved a drawing of Maria Cosway that her husband, the artist Richard Cosway, had drawn.cite web | title = How England first saw Bonaparte: a painting by Francesco Cossia commissioned by Maria Cosway in 1797 was the first true portrait of Napoleon to be seen in England. It was acquired by Sir John Soane, who, as Xavier F. Salomon and Christopher Woodward explain, juxtaposed it with a miniature by Isabey in a graphic comparison of the youthful hero with the tyrannical dicatator | url = http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0PAL/is_524_162/ai_n15930846/pg_1 | publisher = "Apollo" | accessdate = 2007-08-01 ] He also engraved a portrait that Maria Cosway had commissioned that was the first portrait of Napoleon seen in Britain.

He also produced a "Mater Dolorosa" after Van Dyck, and Michelangelo's cartoon of the Battle of Cascina depicting the "Surprise of the Soldiers on the Banks of the Arno." From 1805 to 1808 he was engaged in etching Blake's designs to Blair's "Grave", which, with a portrait of the artist engraved by Schiavonetti after T Phillips, R.A., were published in 1808. The etching of Stothard's "Canterbury Pilgrims" was one of his latest works, and on his death the plate was taken up by his brother Niccolo, and finally completed by James Heath.

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