- Thomas Stothard
Thomas Stothard (
17 August 1755- 27 April 1834) was an English painter and engraver.
He was born in
London, the son of a well-to-do innkeeper in Long Acre. Being a delicate child, he was sent at the age of five to a relative in Yorkshire, and attended school at Acomb, and afterwards at Tadcasterand at Ilford, Essex. Showing talent for drawing he was apprenticed to a draughtsman of patterns for brocaded silks in Spitalfields, and during his spare time he attempted illustrations for the works of his favourite poets. Some of these drawings were praised by Harrison, the editor of the "Novelist's Magazine". Stothard's master having died, he resolved to devote himself to art.
In 1778 he became a student of the
Royal Academy, of which he was elected associate in 1792 and full academician in 1794. In 1812 he was appointed librarian, having served as assistant for two years. Among his earliest book illustrations are plates engraved for Ossianand for Bell's "Poets"; and in 1780 he became a regular contributor to the "Novelist's Magazine", for which he produced 148 designs, including his eleven illustrations to "Peregrine Pickle" and his graceful subjects from "Clarissa" and "Sir Charles Grandison".
From 1786, Thomas Fielding, a friend of Stothard's and engraver, produced engravings using designs of Stothard, Angelika Kauffmann, and of his own. Arcadian scenes were especially esteemed. Fielding realized these in colour, using copper engraving, and achieved excellent quality. Stothard's designs had an exceptional aesthetic appeal.
He designed plates for
pocket-books, tickets for concerts, illustrations to almanacs, portraits of popular actors--into all these he infused a grace and distinction which make them sought after by collectors. Among his more important series are the two sets of illustrations to " Robinson Crusoe", one for the "New Magazine" and one for Stockdale's edition, and the plates to " The Pilgrim's Progress" (1788), to Harding's edition of Goldsmith's "Vicar of Wakefield" (1792), to " The Rape of the Lock" (1798), to the works of Solomon Gessner(1802), to William Cowper's "Poems" (1825), and to "The Decameron"; while his figure-subjects in the superb editions of Samuel Rogers's "Italy" (1830) and "Poems" (1834) prove that even in old age his imagination was still fertile, and his hand firm. He is at his best in subjects of a domestic or a gracefully ideal sort; the heroic and the tragic were beyond his powers.
The designs by Stothard were estimated by art historian
Ralph Nicholson Wornumto number five thousand, and of these about three thousand have been engraved. His oil pictures are usually small in size. Their colouring is often rich and glowing, being founded upon the practice of Rubens, of whom Stothard was a great admirer. The "Vintage," perhaps his most important oil painting, is in the National Gallery. He was a contributor to John Boydell's Shakespeare Gallery, but his best-known painting is the "Procession of the Canterbury Pilgrims," also in the National Gallery, the engraving from which, begun by Luigi and continued by Niccolo Schiavonettiand finished by James Heath, was immensely popular. The commission for this picture was given to Stothard by Robert Hartley Cromek, and was the cause of a quarrel with his friend William Blake. It was followed by a companion work, the "Flitch of Bacon," which was drawn in sepiafor the engraver but was never carried out in colour.
In addition to his easel pictures, Stothard decorated the grand staircase of
Burghley House, near Stamford in Lincolnshire, with subjects of War, Intemperance, and the "Descent of Orpheus in Hell" (1799-1803); the mansion of Hafod, North Wales, with a series of scenes from Froissart and Monstrelet (1810); the cupolaof the upper hall of the Advocates' Library, Edinburgh(later occupied by the Signet Library), with Apollo and the Muses, and figures of poets, orators, etc. (1822); and he prepared designs for a frieze and other decorations for Buckingham Palace, which were not executed, owing to the death of George IV. He also designed the magnificent shield presented to the Duke of Wellington by the merchants of London, and executed with his own hand a series of eight etchings from the various subjects which adorned it. In the British Museumis a collection, in four volumes, of engravings of Stothard's works, made by Robert Balmanno.
A biography of Stothard, by his daughter-in-law, Mrs Bray, was published in 1851.
Albert Crease Coxhead's "Thomas Stothard, R.A., an Illustrated Monograph" (1906), contains a short biographical chapter, and an accurately dated summary of the various books and periodicals illustrated by Stothard; see also Austin Dobson, "Eighteenth Century Vignettes" 1st series (1892).
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Thomas Stothard — Thomas Stothard, retratado por James Green. Thomas Stothard (17 de agosto de 1755 27 de abril de 1834) pintor y grabador inglés. Contenido 1 … Wikipedia Español
Thomas Stothard — (* 17. August 1755 in London; † 27. April 1834 ebenda), war ein englischer Maler und Kupferstecher. Thomas Stothard wurde in London als Sohn eines wohlhabenden Gastwirtes in Long Acre geboren. Er war ein empfindsames Kind und wurde im Alter von… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Stothard — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Charles Alfred Stothard (1786–1821), englischer Maler und Antiquar Lisa Stothard, US amerikanische Schauspielerin Thomas Stothard, (1755–1834), englischer Maler und Kupferstecher Siehe auch: Herbert… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Thomas Macklin — (1752/3 ndash; 1800) was a British eighteenth century printseller and picture dealer.Macklin married Hannah Kenting in 1777 and started a printselling business in London in 1779. His first year, his sold 7,000 copies of a print of Rear Admiral… … Wikipedia
Stothard, Thomas — ▪ British painter born Aug. 17, 1755, London, Eng. died April 27, 1834, London painter, designer, and illustrator, best known for his graceful and distinctive work in book illustration, including editions of Clarissa, Tristram Shandy,… … Universalium
Stothard — Recorded in many forms including Stoddard, Stodhart, Studdard, Stothard, Studdert, Stooders and Studders, this is an English surname, but one which is also widely recorded in Ireland and sometimes Scotland. The name has two possible sources. The… … Surnames reference
Stothard, Thomas — (8/17/1755 London 4/27/1834 London) (England); aka Stoddart, Thomas Painter, illustrator, and fabric designer. Eighteenth century book illustrator who employed erotic themes according to Wagner. Source: Benezit, vol. 13: pp. 412 413; DoA… … Dictionary of erotic artists: painters, sculptors, printmakers, graphic designers and illustrators
STOTHARD, THOMAS — artistic designer and book illustrator, as well as painter, born in London, son of an innkeeper; illustrated, among other works, Pilgrim s Progress, and along with Turner, Rogers Italy (1755 1834) … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Charles Alfred Stothard — (* 5. Juli 1786 in London; † 27. Mai 1821 in Bere Ferrers, Devon), war ein englischer Maler und Antiquar. Der Sohn von Thomas Stothard studierte an der Royal Academy und stellte bereits 1811 ein Bild vom Tod Richard II. in Pontrefact Castle aus.… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Charles Alfred Stothard — (July 5, 1786 May 27, 1821) was an antiquarian draughtsman. Stothard was born in London, the son of the painter, Thomas Stothard. After studying in the schools of the Royal Academy, he began, in 1810, his first historical picture, the Death of… … Wikipedia