- Registrar General
The Registrar General is the Government official responsible for the registration of births, deaths and marriages in
England and Wales. There are similar officials in Scotlandand Northern Ireland, so the Registrar General is properly called the Registrar General for England and Wales.
The post was created in
1836, as head of the General Register Office, and registration began in 1837. The first holder of the post was Thomas Henry Lister.
The Registrar General was soon given other responsibilities, such as the conduct of every Census in England and Wales since
1841, and eventually came to be head of a primarily statistical organisation. In 1972, with the creation of the Office of Population Censuses and Surveys, the General Register Office became just one division of the new office, headed by a Deputy Registrar General.
In England and Wales, birth registration with the state began on
July 1, 1837. The birth was registered in the birth district and at the end of each quarter, the registrar sent a copy of all entries to the Registrar General. However, registration did not become compulsory until 1875. Until 1875 there was no penalty for not registering a birth; after that a fine of £2 was introduced. Between 1837 and 1875 some births were not registered so a child could be sent out to work, or, after 1853, to avoid the compulsory vaccinations of children over three months old which began that year.
With the creation of the
Office for National Statistics, the post of Registrar General was merged with that of Head of the Government Statistical Service, who is now also the National Statistician.
Australian states and territoriesand New Zealandalso have registrars general with broadly similar functions. The Hong Kong Governmentalso established a registrar general after the British acquired Hong Kongin 1841; the post finally became part of the Home Affairs Bureauin the 1940s.
Registrar General of Canadais a government minister with entirely different and unrelated functions.
* [http://www.statistics.gov.uk/census2001/bicentenary/pdfs/registrars.pdf The Registrars General 1836-1945] (pdf) from the
Office for National Statistics.
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Look at other dictionaries:
Registrar General — noun An officer having the superintendence of the registration of all births, deaths and marriages • • • Main Entry: ↑register … Useful english dictionary
registrar-general — /ˌrɛdʒəstra ˈdʒɛnrəl/ (say .rejuhstrah jenruhl) noun (plural registrar generals or registrars general) an official primarily responsible for the registration of all births, deaths, and marriages … Australian English dictionary
registrar-general — noun (plural registrars general) : the head of a general register office … Useful english dictionary
Registrar General — noun (plural Registrars General) a government official responsible for holding a population census … English new terms dictionary
REGISTRAR-GENERAL — an official appointed to superintend registration, specially of births, deaths, and marriages … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Registrar General of Canada — The Registrar General of Canada (French: Registraire général du Canada) is responsible for registering all letters patent, commissions, instruments, proclamations, and any other documents that may, from time to time, be issued under the Great… … Wikipedia
General Register Office for Scotland — The General Register Office for Scotland ( gd. Oifis Choitcheann a’ Chlàraidh na h Alba) is a non ministerial directorate of the Scottish Government that administers the registration of births, deaths, marriages, divorces and adoptions in… … Wikipedia
Registrar — A registrar is an official keeper of records, and may refer to:In education: * Registrar (academic), an official who handles student recordsIn civil government: * Registrar General, responsible for the registration of births, deaths and marriages … Wikipedia
General Register Office — The General Register Office (GRO) is that part of the government of England and Wales that deals with the civil registration of births (including stillbirths), adoptions, marriages and civil partnerships, and deaths in both England and Wales.… … Wikipedia
registrar — n. 1 an official responsible for keeping a register or official records. 2 the chief administrative officer in a university. 3 a middle ranking hospital doctor undergoing training as a specialist. 4 (in the UK) the judicial and administrative… … Useful english dictionary