- Turkish Sign Language
name=Turkish Sign Language
nativename=Türk İşaret Dili
Turkey, Northern Cyprus
Turkish Sign Language ( _tr. Türk İşaret Dili, TİD) is the language used by the
deafcommunity in Turkey. As with other sign languages, TİD has a unique grammar that is different from the spoken languages used in the region.
TİD uses a two-handed
manual alphabetwhich is very different from the two-handed alphabets used in the BANZSLsign languages.
There is little published information on Turkish Sign Language. The language is not used in classrooms at deaf schools.
According to the
Turkish Statistical Institute, there are a total of 89,043 (53,543 male 35,500 female) persons with hearing impairmentand 55,480 (34,672 male, 20,808 female) persons with speaking disability living in Turkey, based on 2000 census data. [Türkiye İstatistik Kurumu, Nüfus, Konut ve Demografi Verileri 2000 [http://www.tuik.gov.tr/AltKategori.do?ust_id=11&ust_adi=N%FCfus%2C+Konut+ve+Demografi] ]
There are references to deaf signs in use in the court of the
Ottoman Empirebetween the 16th century and 17th centuries. [Miles, M. (2000). "Signing in the Seraglio: Mutes, dwarfs and gestures at the Ottoman Court 1500-1700," Disability & Society, Vol. 15, No. 1, 115-134] However, there is record of the signs themselves and no evidence that this sign system or language is related to modern Turkish Sign Language.
Deaf schools were established in 1902, and until 1953 used TİD alongside the Turkish spoken and written language in education. [Deringil, S. (2002). İktidarın Sembolleri ve İdeoloji: II. Abdülhamid Dönemi (1876–1909), YKY, İstanbul, 249.] After 1953, Turkey has adopted an oralist approach to deaf education.
* [http://turkisaretdili.ku.edu.tr/ Turkish Sign Language] (Turkish and English) Website including dictionary and general information, by the
Turkish Academy of Sciencesand Koç University
* [http://www.turkdeaf.org Turkish National Deaf Federation] homepage (Turkish and English).
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