General Secretary of the Communist Party of China


General Secretary of the Communist Party of China
General Secretary of the
Central Committee of the
Communist Party of China
中国共产党中央委员会总书记
Danghui.svg
Emblem of the Communist Party of China
Incumbent
Hu Jintao

since November 15, 2002
Residence Zhongnanhai
Appointer the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China
Term length Five Years
Inaugural holder Chen Duxiu (1925)
Hu Yaobang (1982)
Formation 1925-1943
September, 1982
Website Top Leadership
People's Republic of China

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
the People's Republic of China



Other countries · Atlas
Politics portal
view · talk · edit

The General Secretary of the Communist Party of China (simplified Chinese: 中国共产党中央委员会总书记; traditional Chinese: 中國共產黨中央委員會總書記; pinyin: Zhōngguó Gòngchǎndǎng Zhōngyāng Wěiyuánhuì Zǒngshūjì), officially General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, is the highest ranking official within the Communist Party of China, a standing member of the Politburo and head of the Secretariat. Also the post holders are usually the de facto leaders of the People's Republic of China.

Contents

Powers and position

Since the abolition of the post Chairman of the Communist Party of China in 1982, the General Secretary is the highest ranking official of the party and heads the Secretariat, Politburo of the Party and its Standing Committee.

Recently, the General Secretary holds the authority of Paramount leader in China. Also China is a Single-party state that General Secretary holds the highest Political position ranking of PRC which is the most powerful position in the Chinese government.

For a list of office-holders, see List of leaders of the Communist Party of China.

Early General Secretaries

Chen Duxiu

In June 1920, Comintern agent Grigori Voitinsky was sent to China, and met Li Dazhao and Chen Duxiu, the Chinese Communist Party was formed under the guideline of the Comintern, and was its first Chairman and first General Secretary. Chen was expelled from the CPC due to conflict with Comintern agents, and in 1942 died of heart attack.

Wang Ming

The Soviet Union, through the vehicle of the Comintern, was using Wang Ming to control the operating of the CPC. According to Jung Chang in Mao: The Unknown Story, Mao Zedong tried to assassinate Wang Ming using poison. Wang Ming died in 1974 in Moscow.

Xiang Zhongfa

Xiang Zhongfa was the General Secretary in 1928–1931. In October 1927, the Comintern asked the CPC to organize a delegation to Moscow to attend the celebration ceremony of 10th anniversary of the October Revolution, and Xiang was elected to be the director of the delegation to the Soviet Union.

In January 1928 Xiang wrote letters to Joseph Stalin and Nikolai Bukharin, denouncing the CPC. Then in March 1928, the Comintern asked the CCP to hold its 6th National Congress in Moscow.

Xiang Zhongfa was arrested by the KMT on June 21, 1931, then told the KMT all he knew of CPC. Chiang Kai-shek regarded Xiang as a useless defector, so ordered his exceution.

Li Lisan

Li Lisan was the General Secretary between 1929–1930, and reputed to have committed suicide during the Cultural Revolution.

Zhang Wentian

Zhang Wentian was the General Secretary between 1935–1943. He suffered prolonged persecution in the hands of Red Guards during the Cultural Revolution and died in 1976.

In 1925, Zhang studied in Moscow Moscow Sun Yat-sen University, where he established connection with Comintern.

CPC leaders after PRC established

Order Image Chairmen / General Secretaries Term Start Term End

Chairman of the Central Committee (1945-1982)

1 Mao Zedong portrait.jpg Mao Zedong (毛泽东 / 毛澤東)
26 December 1893(1893-12-26) - 9 September 1976(1976-09-09) (aged 82)
19 June 1945 9 September 1976
2 Hua Guofeng-1.jpg Hua Guofeng (华国锋 / 華國鋒)
16 February 1921(1921-02-16) - 20 August 2008(2008-08-20) (aged 87)
7 October 1976 28 June 1981
3 Young Hu Yiaobang.jpg Hu Yaobang (胡耀邦)
20 November 1915(1915-11-20) - 15 April 1989(1989-04-15) (aged 73)
29 June 1981 11 September 1982

General Secretary of the Central Committee (1982-)

1 Young Hu Yiaobang.jpg Hu Yaobang 11 September 1982 15 January 1987
Acting Zhao Ziyang-1.jpg Zhao Ziyang (赵紫阳 / 趙紫陽)
17 October 1919(1919-10-17) - 17 January 2005(2005-01-17) (aged 85)
16 January 1987 1 November 1987
2 2 November 1987 23 June 1989
3 Jiang Zemin2.png Jiang Zemin (江泽民 / 江澤民)
17 August 1926 (1926-08-17) (age 85)
24 June 1989 15 November 2002
4 Hu Jintao Cannes2011.jpg Hu Jintao (胡锦涛 / 胡錦濤)
21 December 1942 (1942-12-21) (age 68)
16 November 2002 Present

See also

Gallery

General Secretaries (1925-1943)

General Secretaries (since 1982)

References

  • China Online Encyclopedia

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • 16th Politburo of the Communist Party of China — The 16th Politburo of the Communist Party of China was elected by the 16th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China in November 15, 2002.Members: In stroke order of surnames: #Wang Lequan (CPC Xinjiang Committee Secretary) #Wang Zhaoguo… …   Wikipedia

  • National Congress of the Communist Party of China — People s Republic of China This article is part of the series: Politics and government of the People s Republic of China …   Wikipedia

  • Central Committee of the Communist Party of China — People s Republic of China This article is part of the series: Politics and government of the People s Republic of China …   Wikipedia

  • 17th National Congress of the Communist Party of China — The 17th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (zh st|s=中国共产党第十七次全国代表大会|t=中國共產黨第十七次全國代表大會 Pinyin: Zhōngguó Gòngchǎndǎng Dìshíqícì Quánguó Dàibiǎo Dàhuì , abbreviated Shíqí dà [十七大] ) was held in Beijing, China, at the Great Hall of… …   Wikipedia

  • Politburo Standing Committee of the Communist Party of China — The Politburo Standing Committee of the Communist Party of China (PSC; zh stp|s=中国共产党中央政治局常务委员会|t=中國共產黨中央政治局常務委員會|p=Zhōngguó Gòngchǎndǎng Zhōngyāng Zhèngzhìjú Chángwù Wěiyuánhuì, abbreviated zh sp|s=政治局常委|p=Zhèngzhìjú Chángwěi) is a committee… …   Wikipedia

  • 16th National Congress of the Communist Party of China — The 16th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (zh stp|s=中国共产党第十六次全国代表大会|t=中國共產黨第十六次全國代表大會|p=Zhōngguó Gòngchǎndǎng Dìshílìucì Quánguó Dàibiǎo Dàhuì; abbreviated Shílìu dà [十六大] ) was held in Beijing between November 8 14, 2002. 2,114… …   Wikipedia

  • 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China — The 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (zh st|s=中国共产党第十八次全国代表大会|t=中國共產黨第十八次全國代表大會 Pinyin: Zhōngguó Gòngchǎndǎng Dìshíbācì Quánguó Dàibiǎo Dàhuì , abbreviated Shíbā dà [十八大] ) will be the next major Communist Party Congress in… …   Wikipedia

  • 4th Central Bureau of the Communist Party of China — The 4th Central Bureau of the Communist Party of China (Chinese: 中国共产党第四届中央局) was elected by the 4th Central Executive Committee of the Communist Party of China in Shanghai in January 1925.Members#Chen Duxiu, General Secretary and Head of Central …   Wikipedia

  • Politburo of the Communist Party of China — People s Republic of China This article is part of the series: Politics and government of the People s Republic of China …   Wikipedia

  • Chairman of the Communist Party of China — Former political post The emblem of the Communist Party of China …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.