Lauricocha Culture


Lauricocha Culture

Lauricocha Culture is a sequence of preceramic cultural periods in Peru's history, spanning about 5,000 years from circa 8,000 to 2,500 BCE.

The total prehistoric sequence in Peru spans 15,000 years, starting at about 13,000 BC when the first gatherer-hunter societies left their traces in the Ayacucho and Ancash highlands. These were populations that were coming from the North American continent through Central America and populated the Andes. Traces of these early groups have been found in rock caves of Lauricocha, Pacaicasa and Guitarrero.

The "Lauricocha Cave" at an altitude of over 4000 m was discovered in 1957 near Lago Lauricocha and the source of Rio Marañón, one of the headwaters of the Amazon River. It contained human remains, the oldest found in Peru, which can be dated back to the last glacial period, circa 9,500 years ago.

The early Peruvian groups of gatherers and hunters traversed between the rugged highlands and the coastal areas, following the movement of the wild animal herds and the climatic change of the seasons. Lauricocha near Huanuco was one of the important mountain encampments where the art of working stone to arrow points and fine blades was sophisticated and cave paintings depicted animals, hunting scenes and dances.

Lauricocha Periods

*Lauricocha III: 4200 BCE - 2500 BCE
*Lauricocha II: 6000 BCE - 4200 BCE
*Lauricocha I: 8000 BCE - 6000 BCE

External links

* [http://www.unesco.org/culture/latinamerica/html_eng/chapter12/chapter5.htm The Original Peopling of Latin America]


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