img_coa = Lucera-Stemma.png
official_name = Comune di Lucera
province = Foggia (FG)
elevation_m = 250
area_total_km2 = 338
population_as_of = 2005
population_total = 34911
population_density_km2 = 103
timezone = CET, UTC+1
coordinates = coord|41|30|N|15|20|E
frazioni =Reggente, San Giusto
telephone = 0881
postalcode = 71036
gentilic = Lucerini
saint = Santa Maria
website = [http://www.comune.lucera.fg.it/ www.comune.lucera.fg.it]
Lucera is a town and "
comune" in the Province of Foggia, in the Apuliaregion of Italy.
Lucera is an ancient city founded in
Daunia, the centre of Dauniterritory (in present day Apulia). Archeological excavations show the presence of a bronze agevillage inside the city boundaries. Lucera was probably named after either Lucius, a mythical Dauno king, or a temple dedicated to the goddess Lux Cereris. A third possibility is that the city was founded and named by the Etruscans, in which case the name probably means Holy Wood (luc = wood, eri = holy).
In 321 BC the Roman army was deceived into thinking Lucera was under siege by the
Samnites. Hurrying to relieve their allies the army walked into an ambush and were defeated at the famous Battle of the Caudine Forks. The Samnites occupied Lucera but were thrown out after a revolt. The city sought Roman protection and in 320 BC was granted the status of Colonia Togata, which meant it was ruled by the Roman Senate. 2500 Romans moved to Lucera in order to strengthen the ties between the two cities. From then on Lucera was known as a steadfast supporter of Rome.
During the civil wars of the late Republic
Pompeyset up his headquarters in Lucera, but abandoned the city when Julius Caesarapproached. Lucera quickly switched its allegiance and Caesar's clemency spared it from harm. In the next civil war between Octavianand Mark Anthonythe city did not escape as lightly. After the war Octavian settled many veteran soldiers on the lands of the ruined city. This helped Lucera recover quickly and marked an era of renewed prosperity. Many of the surviving Roman landmarks hail from this Augustan period, among them the Luceran amphitheatre.
With the fall of the Western Roman Empire the city of Lucera entered into a state of decline. In 663 AD it was captured from the
Lombardsand destroyed by the Eastern Roman Emperor Constans II.
In 1224 AD,
Holy Roman EmperorFrederick II, responding to religious uprisings in Sicily, expelled all Muslims from the island, transferring many to Lucera over the next two decades. In this controlled environment, they couldn't challenge royal authority and they benefited the crown in taxes and military service. Their numbers eventually reached between 15,000 and 20,000, leading Lucera to be called "Lucaera Saracenorum" because it represented the last stronghold of Islamic presence in Italy. Muslims in Lucera were predominately farmers. They grew durumwheat, barley, legumes, grapes and other fruits. Muslims also kept bees for honey. [Taylor, p.99]
The colony thrived for 75 years until it was sacked in 1300 by Christian forces under the command of
Charles II of Naples. The city's Muslim inhabitants were exiled or sold into slavery, [Julie Taylor. [http://www.umd.umich.edu/univ/ur/press_releases/nov03/taylorbook_pr.html Muslims in Medieval Italy: The Colony at Lucera] . Lanham, Md.: Lexington Books. 2003.] with many finding asylum in Albaniaacross the Adriatic Sea. [Ataullah Bogdan Kopanski. [http://www.iiu.edu.my/deed/quran/albanian/Albchapt.htm Islamization of Shqeptaret: The clas of Religions in Medieval Albania.] ] Their abandoned mosques were demolished, and churches were usually built in their place, including the cathedral S. Maria della Vittoria. [Taylor, p.187]
After the Muslims were removed from Lucera, Charles tried to settle Christians in the city. Those Muslims that converted to Christianity got part of their property back, but none was restored his former position of political or economic influence. As time progressed, grain production fell in the city, and in 1339 the city was hit by a famine. While Christians were allowed to farm as the Muslims, the loss of Muslim farmers may have been a cause of the famine. [Taylor, p.190-4]
It hosts several important monuments from different ages:
*the Roman Amphitheater
*the medieval Castle
*the Church of S. Francesco
*the Cathedral, built in 1300 on the grounds of the last standing medieval mosque in Italy, which had been destroyed the same year.
Bishopric of Lucera–Troia
ources and references
* Aalulbayt Library, [http://www.al-shia.com/html/eng/books/spread-of-islam/04.html "An Introduction to the Spread of Islam"]
*Taylor, Julie. "Muslims in Medieval Italy: The Colony at Lucera".
Lexington Books, 2005.
* University of Michigan-Dearborn, [http://www.umd.umich.edu/univ/ur/press_releases/nov03/taylorbook_pr.html "UM-Dearborn professor publishes history of Muslim community in medieval Italy"] (press release),
20 November 2003
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Lucera — Lucera … Deutsch Wikipedia
Lucera — Escudo … Wikipedia Español
Lucera — • An ancient city in the province of Foggia in Apulia, Southern Italy Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Lucera Lucera † … Catholic encyclopedia
Lucera — Administration Pays Italie … Wikipédia en Français
Lucera — [ tʃe ], Stadt in Apulien, Provinz Foggia, Italien, 240 m über dem Meeresspiegel, 36 100 Einwohner; Bischofssitz; Museum; bedeutender Agrarmarkt; Möbelindustrie, Öl und Getreidemühlen, Ziegeleien. … Universal-Lexikon
Lucēra — (spr. Lutschära, Nocera), Stadt im Districte Foggia der neapolitanischen Provinz Capitanata (daher la Provincia di L.): altes Schloß, einige Festungswerke, Bischofssitz, Kathedrale u. 12 andere Kirchen, Collegium. Handel mit Öl u. Seide; 11,500… … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Lucera — (spr. tschēra), Stadt in der ital. Provinz und dem Kreise Foggia, 250 m ü. M., am rechten Ufer des Salsola und an der Eisenbahn Foggia L., Bischofssitz, hat eine gotische Kathedrale (von 1302), Reste eines von Friedrich II. erbauten, von Karl I.… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Lucera — (spr. lutschē ), Stadt in der ital. Prov. Foggia, an der Salsola, (1901) 17.515 E … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Lucera — (Lutsch–), neapolitan. Stadt in der Provinz Capitanata, Bischofssitz, mit 12000 E., Oel und Seidehandel. Ist das altapulische Luceria, wurde im 8. Jahrh. von den Byzantinern zerstört, von Kaiser Friedrich II. mit sicil. Saracenen bevölkert, die… … Herders Conversations-Lexikon
lucera — (De luz). f. Ventana o claraboya abierta en la parte alta de los edificios … Diccionario de la lengua española