Brooks Range


Brooks Range

Geobox|Range
name=Brooks Range


image_caption=Brooks Range from near Galbraith Lake
country=United States |country1=Canada
region=Alaska |region1=Yukon
unit=
border=
length_imperial=| length_orientation=
width_imperial= | width_orientation=
highest=Mount Chamberlin
highest_elevation_imperial=9020
highest_lat_d=69|highest_lat_m=16|highest_lat_s=39|highest_lat_NS=N
highest_long_d=144|highest_long_m=54|highest_long_s=40|highest_long_EW=W
geology= | period= | orogeny=


map_caption=
The Brooks Range is a mountain range that stretches from west to east across northern Alaska and into Canada's Yukon Territory, a total distance of about 1100 km (700 mi). The mountains are not especially high, topping out at over 2,700 m (9,000 ft). This mountain range forms the northern-most drainage divide in North America, separating streams flowing into the Arctic Ocean and the North Pacific. The range roughly delineates the summer position of the Arctic front. It represents the northern extent of tree line, with no trees (apart from some isolated Balsam poplar stands) occurring north of the continental drainage divide. Mount Chamberlin, 9020 ft (2,749 m), is the highest peak in the range. Other notable peaks include Mount Isto, 8,975 ft (2,736 m) and Mount Michelson, 8,855 ft (2,699 m).Some sources (including the USGS 1:250,000 scale map) quote Mount Isto's height as 9,050 ft, which would make it the highest point in the range. Also, some sources quote Mount Michelson's height as 9,239 ft, which would make it the highest point; however this is far above the 8,855 foot figure given on both USGS topographic maps, so it is unlikely to be correct.]

The range is mostly uninhabited, but the Dalton Highway and the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System run through the Atigun Pass (1,415 m, 4,643 ft) on their way to the North Slope and the oil fields at Prudhoe Bay. The Alaska Native villages of Anaktuvuk and Arctic Village, as well as the very small communities of Coldfoot, Wiseman, Bettles, and Chandalar Lake are the only settlements in the 700-mile Brooks Range. In the far west, near the Wulik River in the De Long Mountains is the Red Dog Mine, Alaska, largest zinc mine in the world.

As one of the most remote and least-disturbed wildernesses of North America, the mountains are teeming with wildlife, including Dall sheep, grizzly bears, and caribou.

The range was named by the USGS in 1925 after Alfred Hulse Brooks, who was the chief USGS geologist for Alaska from 1903 to 1924.

Various historical records also referred to the range as the Arctic Mountains, Hooper Mountains, Meade Mountains and Meade River Mountains; the Canadian portion is still often referred to as the British Mountains. The British Mountains are part of Ivvavik National Park.

Documented Wilderness Traverses of the Brooks Range

* Dick Griffith -- Kaktovik to Kotzebue, Alaska (1959-1979) by foot, raft, and kayak: first documented traverse.
* Roman Dial -- Kaktovik to Kotzebue, Alaska (1986) by skis, foot, packraft and kayak: first traverse in one year.
* Keith Nyitray -- Fort McPherson, Northwest Territories, Canada to Kotzebue (1989-1990) by dog sled, snowshoes, foot, raft, and canoe: first continuous traverse of the entire range. 1,500 trail miles from Canada to Kotzebue. See April '93 issue of "National Geographic."
* Thor Tingey, Phillip Weidner, Sam Newburry, Dan Dryden -- Marsh Fork Canning River to Kobuk (2000) by foot and packraft.
* Dennis Schmitt -- Point Hope, Alaska to Mackenzie River, Northwest Territories (1966-2001) by foot and dog sled: longest and first full length traverse.
* Peter Vacco -- Bonnet Lake to Cape Lisburne (2003) by snowshoe and foot: first continuous foot traverse from Canada.
* Roman Dial -- Kivalina to Dalton Highway without resupply (2006) by foot: fastest traverse (624 miles in 22 days, 7 hours, 40 minutes).
* Bruce Nelson -- Yukon border to Kotzebue Sound (2006) by foot and raft.
* The range is believed to be approximately 126 million years old.

Films

*2007 - "Gates of the Arctic: Alaska's Brooks Range"

ee also

*Richardson Mountains

References

* [http://www.bucktrack.com/Alaska_Brooks_Range_Traverse.html Alaska -- Brooks Range Traverse]
* [http://www.ryanjordan.com/ Arctic 1000]
* [http://www.aktrekking.com/Brooks.html Arctic National Wildlife Refuge trek]

Notes

Further reading

*Dover, J.H., I.L. Tailleur, and J.A. Dumoulin. (2004). "Geologic and fossil locality maps of the west-central part of the Howard Pass quadrangle and part of the adjacent Misheguk Mountain quadrangle, Western Brooks Range, Alaska" [Miscellaneous Field Studies; Map MF-2413] . Reston, VA: U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey.
*Krumhardt, A.P., A.G. Harris, and K.F. Watts. (1996). "Lithostratigraphy, microlithofacies, and conodont biostratigraphy and biofacies of the Wahoo Limestone (Carboniferous), eastern Sadlerochit Mountains, northeast Brooks Range, Alaska" [U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1568] . Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey.
*Marshall, R. (1970). "Alaska wilderness; exploring the Central Brooks Range" 2nd ed. Berkeley: University of California Press.
*Morin, R.L. (1997). "Gravity and magnetic maps of part of the Drenchwater Creek stratiform zinc-lead-silver deposit, Howard Pass quadrangle, northwestern Brooks Range, Alaska" [U.S. Geological Survey Open-file Report 97-705] . Menlo Park, CA: U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey.
*Morin, R.L. (1997). "Gravity models of Abby Creek and Bion barite deposits, Howard Pass quadrangle, northwestern Brooks Range, Alaska" [U.S. Geological Survey Open-file Report 97-705] . Menlo Park, CA: U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey.
*Mull, C.G. et al. (1994). "Geologic map of the Killik River quadrangle, Brooks Range, Alaska" [U.S. Geological Survey Open-file Report 94-679] . Reston, VA: U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey.
*Nelson, P.H. et al. (2006). "Potential tight gas resources in a frontier province, Jurassic through Tertiary strata beneath the Brooks Range foothills, Arctic Alaska" [U.S. Geological Survey Open-file Report 2006-1172] . Reston, VA: U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey.
*U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey. (2003). "The natural dispersal of metals to the environment in the Wulik River-Ikalukrok Creek area, western Brooks Range, Alaska" [U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 107-03] . Reston, VA: author.
*U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey. (1995). "Natural environmental effects of silver-lead-zinc deposits in the Brooks Range, Alaska" [U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 092-95] . Reston, VA: author.


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  • Brooks Range — [after A. H. Brooks (1871 1924), U.S. geologist] mountain range extending across N Alas.: highest peak, 9,239 ft (2,816 m) …   English World dictionary

  • Brooks Range — Brooks′ Range′ n. geg a mountain range in N Alaska, forming a watershed between the Yukon River and the Arctic Ocean: highest peak, 9239 ft. (2815 m) …   From formal English to slang

  • Brooks Range — a mountain range in N Alaska, forming a watershed between the Yukon River and the Arctic Ocean: highest peak, 9239 ft. (2815 m). * * * Mountain range, northern Alaska, U.S. It extends about 600 mi (1,000 km) from Kotzebue Sound to the Canadian… …   Universalium

  • Brooks Range — Die Brookskette im Norden Alaskas Die Brookskette Die bis 2749 m hohe Brookskette (engl. Brooks Range [ˈbrʊks ˌreɪndʒ]) ist neben der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Brooks Range — Chaîne Brooks Chaîne Brooks Géographie Altitude 2 749 m, Mont Chamberlin …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Brooks Range — Sp Brùkso kalnãgūbris Ap Brooks Range L Š. Amerikos Kordiljerų Š dalis, JAV (Aliaska) …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Brooks Range — geographical name mountain range N Alaska extending from Kotzebue Sound to Canadian border; highest peak over 9000 feet (2740 meters) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Brooks Range — /bruks ˈreɪndʒ/ (say broohks raynj) noun a mountain range in the US, in northern Alaska, forming a watershed between the Yukon River and the Arctic Ocean. Highest peak, about 3050 m …   Australian English dictionary

  • Brooks Range — a mountain range in N Alaska, forming a watershed between the Yukon River and the Arctic Ocean: highest peak, 9239 ft. (2815 m). * * * [bro͝oks] a mountain chain that extends across northern Alaska. It is the northwestern end of the Rocky… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Brooks Range — …   Википедия


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