Appeal to novelty


Appeal to novelty

The appeal to novelty (also called "argumentum ad novitatem") is a fallacy in which someone prematurely claims that an idea or proposal is correct or superior, "exclusively" because it is new and modern. In a controversy between status quo and new inventions, an appeal to novelty argument isn't in itself a valid argument. The fallacy may take two forms: overestimating the new and modern, prematurely and without investigation assuming it to be best-case, or underestimating status quo, prematurely and without investigation assuming it to be worst-case.

Investigation may prove these claims to be true, but it is a fallacy to prematurely conclude this "only from the general claim that all novelty is good".

The opposite of an appeal to novelty is an appeal to tradition, in which one argues that the "old ways" are always superior to new ideas.

Appeals to novelty are often successful in a modern world where everyone is eager to be on the "cutting edge" of technology. The so-called "Dot-com bust" of the early 2000s could easily be interpreted as a sign of the dangers of naïvely embracing new ideas without first viewing them with a critical eye. Also, advertisers frequently extoll the newness of their products as a reason to buy. Conversely, this is satirised as bleeding edge technology by skeptics (this may itself be an example of the appeal to tradition fallacy).

The appeal to novelty is based on the reasoning that in general people will tend to try to improve the outputs resulting from their efforts. Thus, for example, a company producing a product might be assumed to know about existing flaws and to be seeking to correct them in a future revision. This line of reasoning is obviously flawed for many reasons, most notably that: it ignores motive (a new product may be released that is functionally identical to previous products but with new packaging); it ignores cyclicality (the fashion industry continually rediscovers old styles and markets them as the next new thing); and it ignores population dynamics (the previous product may have been created by an expert who has since been replaced by a neophyte).

Examples

* "If you want to lose weight, your best bet is to follow the latest diet."
* "The department will become more profitable because it has been reorganized."
* "Upgrading all your software to the most recent versions will make your system more reliable."
* "Things are bad with party A in charge, thus party B will bring improvement if they're elected."

Appeal to novelty fallacy: Designation pitfalls

In some cases, there may exist one or more unnamed - but still universally acknowledged - correlations between novelty and positive traits. For example, newer technology has a tendency to be more complex and advanced than older. A correlation may for example exist between newness of a virus definition file and the security of a computer, or between the newness of a computer and its speed and performance. In these precise cases, something is more probable to be superior "whenever" it is new and modern, though not "exclusively because they are" new and modern. Thus, what may seem like Appeal to novelty isn't a fallacy in every case. It is only a fallacy if this correlation is disputed or if no such correlation has been examined.

In aesthetics, for example in some arts and musics, novelty - though not all forms of novelty - is used as a criterion for acclaim. This may look like the fallacy, but in some circles there may be an unnamed consensus that people eventually grow tired of what they're used to. In these cases, the aforementioned criterion and justification isn't based "exclusively" on Appeal to novelty, and thus is no fallacy.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Appeal to tradition — Appeal to tradition, also known as proof from tradition, [Catholic Encyclopedia.] appeal to common practice, argumentum ad antiquitatem, false induction, or the is/ought fallacy, [Texas University.] is a common logical fallacy in which a thesis… …   Wikipedia

  • Appeal (disambiguation) — Appeal may refer to:* Appeal ndash; in law an appeal is a challenge of a judicial judgement to a higher authority, usually called an appellate court. * Appeal (motion) ndash; in parliamentary procedure an appeal is a challenge of the chair s… …   Wikipedia

  • Novelty under the European Patent Convention — Legal requirements applicable to European patent applications and patents …   Wikipedia

  • novelty song — ▪ music Introduction       popular song that is either written and performed as a novelty or that becomes a novelty when removed from its original context. Regardless of which of these two categories applies, the assumption is that the song is… …   Universalium

  • novelty — /nov euhl tee/, n., pl. novelties, adj. n. 1. state or quality of being novel, new, or unique; newness: the novelty of a new job. 2. a novel occurrence, experience, or proceeding: His sarcastic witticisms had ceased being an entertaining novelty …   Universalium

  • List of decisions and opinions of the Enlarged Board of Appeal of the European Patent Office — This is a list of decisions and opinions of the Enlarged Board of Appeal of the European Patent Office (EPO) in chronological order of the dates when the decisions were issued. The list is incomplete. Contents 1 1980 – 1989 2 1990 – 1994 3 1995 – …   Wikipedia

  • List of decisions of the EPO Boards of Appeal relating to Article 52(2) and (3) EPC — This list provides a guide to decisions of the Boards of Appeal of the European Patent Office (EPO) relating to EPC Article|52|2) and (3. These decisions touch the issue of patentable subject matter under the European Patent Convention (EPC). The …   Wikipedia

  • List of fallacies — For specific popular misconceptions, see List of common misconceptions. A fallacy is incorrect argumentation in logic and rhetoric resulting in a lack of validity, or more generally, a lack of soundness. Contents 1 Formal fallacies 1.1… …   Wikipedia

  • Naturalistic fallacy — The naturalistic fallacy is often claimed to be a formal fallacy. It was described and named by British philosopher G. E. Moore in his 1903 book Principia Ethica. Moore stated that a naturalistic fallacy is committed whenever a philosopher… …   Wikipedia

  • Moralistic fallacy — The moralistic fallacy is in essence the reverse of the naturalistic fallacy. Naturalistic fallacy presumes that what is or what occurs forms what ought to be. Thus the observed natural is reasoned a priori as moral.[1] Moralistic fallacy implies …   Wikipedia