name = Thrashers

image_width = 230px
image_caption = Brown Thrasher "Toxostoma rufum"
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Aves
ordo = Passeriformes
familia = Mimidae
subdivision_ranks = Genera
subdivision = "Allenia"

Thrashers are a New World group of passerine birds related to mockingbirds and New World catbirds. Like these, they are in the Mimidae family. There are 15 species in one large and 4 monotypic genera.

These do not form a clade but are a phenetic assemblage. It is rather likely than not — though by no means robustly supported — that the Sage Thrasher is a basal lineage among a group also consisting of mockingbirds and "Toxostoma" thrashers. The Caribbean thrashers occupy varying positions in an assemblage consisting of them, the tremblers, and the New World catbirds. Here, the White-breasted Thrasher appears to be quite basal though it is impossible to place it anywhere with certainty, whereas the Pearly-eyed Thrasher is probably quite close to the tremblers.(Hunt "et al." 2001, Barber "et al." 2004)

Their common name describes the behaviour of these birds when searching for food on the ground: they use their long bills to "thrash" through dirt or dead leaves. All of these birds eat insects and several species also eat berries.

Taxonomic list

Genus "Oreoscoptes"
* Sage Thrasher, "Oreoscoptes montanus"

Genus "Toxostoma" – typical thrashers
* Brown Thrasher, "Toxostoma rufum"
* Long-billed Thrasher, "Toxostoma longirostre"
* Cozumel Thrasher, "Toxostoma guttatum" – possibly extinct (2006?)
* Gray Thrasher, "Toxostoma cinereum"
* Bendire's Thrasher, "Toxostoma bendirei"
* Ocellated Thrasher, "Toxostoma ocellatum"
* Curve-billed Thrasher, "Toxostoma curvirostre"
* California Thrasher, "Toxostoma redivivum"
* Crissal Thrasher, "Toxostoma crissale"
* Le Conte's Thrasher, "Toxostoma lecontei"
* Vizcaino Thrasher, "Toxostoma arenicola"

Genus "Ramphocinclus"
* White-breasted Thrasher, "Ramphocinclus brachyurus"

Genus "Allenia" – formerly in "Margarops"
* Scaly-breasted Thrasher, "Allenia fusca"
** Barbados Scaly-breasted Thrasher, "Allenia fusca atlantica" – extinct (c. 1990)

Genus "Margarops "
* Pearly-eyed Thrasher, "Margarops fuscatus"


* Barber, Brian R.; Martínez-Gómez, Juan E. & Peterson, A. Townsend (2004): Systematic position of the Socorro mockingbird "Mimodes graysoni". "J. Avian Biol." 35: 195-198. doi|10.1111/j.0908-8857.2004.03233.x (HTML abstract)

* Hunt, Jeffrey S.; Bermingham, Eldredge; & Ricklefs, Robert E. (2001): Molecular systematics and biogeography of Antillean thrashers, tremblers, and mockingbirds (Aves: Mimidae). "Auk" 118(1): 35–55. DOI:10.1642/0004-8038(2001)118 [0035:MSABOA] 2.0.CO;2 [ HTML fulltext without images]

External links

* [ Thrasher videos] on the Internet Bird Collection

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.


См. также в других словарях:

  • Thrasher — Pays  États Unis Langue …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Thrasher — es una revista de skate mensual fundada en 1981 por Kevin Thatcher y Fausto Vitello. Esta revista publica artículos, entrevistas con patinadores profesionales y noticias de grupos musicales, revisiones de skateparks y singularidades mixtas.… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Thrasher — Thrash er, Thresher Thresh er, n. 1. One who, or that which, thrashes grain; a thrashing machine. [1913 Webster] 2. (Zo[ o]l.) A large and voracious shark ({Alopias vulpes}), remarkable for the great length of the upper lobe of its tail, with… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Thrasher — ist ein 1981 gegründetes US amerikanisches Skateboardmagazin. Da es das älteste noch bestehende Skateboardmagazin der Welt ist, besitzt es in der Skateboardszene ein hohes Ansehen. Der Firmensitz des Thrasher Magazines ist von jeher in San… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • thrasher — ☆ thrasher thrasher1 [thrash′ər] n. a person or thing that thrashes thrasher2 [thrash′ər] n. [E dial. thresher, prob. akin to THRUSH ] any of a group of gray to brownish American passerine birds (family Mimidae) with a long, stiff tail and a long …   English World dictionary

  • thrasher — /thrash euhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that thrashes. 2. any of several long tailed, thrushlike birds, esp. of the genus Toxostoma, related to the mockingbirds. Cf. brown thrasher. 3. thresher (def. 2). [1350 1400; ME; see THRASH, ER1] * * * Any… …   Universalium

  • thrasher — Song Song (s[o^]ng; 115), n. [AS. song, sang, fr. singan to sing; akin to D. zang, G. sang, Icel. s[ o]ngr, Goth. saggws. See {Sing}.] 1. That which is sung or uttered with musical modulations of the voice, whether of a human being or of a bird,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Thrasher — Recorded as Thrasher and Thresher, this is an English surname of great antiquity. It is occupational and originates from the Olde English word pryscere meaning to beat or thrash, and used in a transferred sense to describe the action of removing… …   Surnames reference

  • thrasher — n. 1. Thresher. 2. Fox shark, sea fox, sea ape (Carcharias vulpes). 3. Brown thrush, French mocking bird, brown thrasher (Turdus rufus) …   New dictionary of synonyms

  • thrasher — /ˈθræʃə/ (say thrashuh) noun 1. someone or something that thrashes. 2. any of various long tailed American birds, especially of the genus Toxostoma, family Sturnidae, allied to the mockingbird, as the brown thrasher, T. rufum. 3. → thresher (def …   Australian-English dictionary

Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»