- Terje Rød-Larsen
Terje Rød-Larsen (born
November 22, 1947) is a Norwegian diplomatand sociologist.
Rød-Larsen grew up in Bergen and studied social sciences, culminating in a Ph.D. in
sociology. He taught at Norwegian universities until 1981, when he helped found FAFO, a research organization funded by the Norwegian Confederation of Trade Unions.
In 1989 Rød-Larsen moved to
Cairo, when his wife Mona Juul, who worked for the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, was stationed there. He continued to work for FAFO, as the organization had become more internationally oriented during the 1980s. Rød-Larsen performed a detailed sociological study of living conditions in the West Bank, Gazaand Eastern Jerusalem. In the course of this work, Rød-Larsen made contacts that proved to be useful in secret negotiations between Israeland the PLO. His wife was able to facilitate high-level contacts with the Norwegian foreign minister, Johan Jørgen Holst, who was instrumental in reaching the Oslo Accordsin 1993. The same year Rød-Larsen became formally employed by the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs as a special advisor on Middle Eastern affairs.
1994to 1996, he served as former Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali's first "Special Coordinator in the Occupied Territories."
1996, he served briefly as minister of administration in the government of Thorbjørn Jagland, before being forced to resign as the result of a tax scandal.
1999, he was appointed as UNSecretary-General Kofi Annan's personal representative to the PLOand Palestinian Authorityon the West Bankand the Gaza Strip. He is also the UN Special Coordinator for peace negotiations in the Middle East. He subsequently left the post in 2004 to become President of the International Peace Academy, a NYC-based think tank, and was also designated as UN Special Representative for the implementation of Security Council Resolution 1559, which calls for Syrian withdrawal of Lebanonand the disarmament of Hezbollah.
2006 Israel-Lebanon conflict
He was sent by U.N. Secretary-General
Kofi Annanto Lebanon and Israel to follow up on the implementation of the cease-fire resolution, the United Nations announced on August 16 2006.cite news|title=Lebanese troops deploy as part of U.N. cease-fire|date= 2006-08-17|publisher= CNN|url=http://www.cnn.com/2006/WORLD/meast/08/17/mideast.main/index.html]
Lebanon faces a critical test in the coming days that will determine whether the country emerges as a strong democracy or finds itself plunged back into violence, the U.N. Envoy Terje Rød-Larsen said on August 20 2006. "As we see it, Lebanon is now facing colossal opportunities," Rød-Larsen told reporters. "There is a golden opportunity for Lebanon to solidify its democracy, to assert it authority, to produce a situation where Lebanon can be reconstructed and where Lebanese can live peacefully with its neighbors in prosperity. All this is at hand." Rød-Larsen noted approvingly that Lebanese troops have deployed in the south, where they are charged with ensuring that Hezbollah militia do not launch rockets across the border into northern Israel. Despite the "huge potential upside," Lebanon and the region also face a danger, he said. "We're at the tilting edge still, and this can easily start sliding again and lead us quickly into the abyss of violence and bloodshed. This is why diplomacy is so important." Rød-Larsen described his meetings since August 18 with Lebanese leaders as "encouraging," and said they were committed to implementing Security Council Resolution 1701, which requires that Israeli troops withdraw from south Lebanon at the same time that Lebanese army troops and a beefed-up U.N. force of 15,000 troops enter the area. He said 3,000 of a planned complement of 15,000 Lebanese soldiers have already been deployed along Lebanon's southern border, though their success in stabilizing the region is by no means guaranteed. "Of course, the devil is in the details here," he said. "It's the nitty-gritty which can make us fail." Rød-Larsen made no mention of Israeli Defense Minister
Amir Peretz's comment that Israel will not allow Lebanese troops to deploy within two kilometers (1.25 miles) of the Israeli border unless they are accompanied by U.N. forces. Rød-Larsen's delegation was to depart for Israel. A "vanguard force" of 3,000 to 3,500 U.N. troops is not expected to arrive until later in the week, at the earliest. They would support about 2,000 observers already on the ground as part of the U.N. Interim Force in Lebanon. Rød-Larsen predicted that the coming weeks and months would require "very demanding diplomatic work," including "cooperation from Iran and Syria." Another 2,000 Lebanese soldiers -- the first complement of an expected 8,600 -- have been deployed along the country's eastern border with Syria, and as many as 1,000 have been deployed along the coast, he said. The troops are expected to pave the way for a reconfigured and beefed-up UNIFIL in the south. A mechanism has been set up for both forces to work together, Rød-Larsen said, with Lebanese Prime Minister Fouad Sinioraagreeing with UNIFIL force commander Gen. Alain Pellegrinito meet weekly with top security officials from both forces. The U.N. Envoy noted approvingly that Lebanese troops have deployed in the south, where they are charged with ensuring that Hezbollah forces do not launch rockets across the border into northern Israel.cite news|title=U.N. envoy: Lebanon facing critical test|date= 2006-08-20|publisher= CNN|url=http://www.cnn.com/2006/WORLD/meast/08/20/mideast.main/index.html]
The United Nations special envoy to Syria and Lebanon said on August 22 2006 it could take the Lebanese army and international troops two to three months to fill a "security vacuum" in southern Lebanon and warned that "unintended" acts could spark renewed fighting. "There is now a security vacuum which the Lebanese government is trying to fill" with the help of international forces, said Terje Rød-Larsen. "But I think realistically, up to a point, you will have such a vacuum in Lebanon for the next two, three months," he added. "The situation is still extremely fragile... Unintended incidents can kick off renewed violence, which might escalate and spin out of control."cite news|url=http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/753518.html|title=Italy to send up to 3,000 troops to Lebanon, largest pledge so far|publisher=
* [http://pub.tv2.no/nettavisen/english/article175446.ece Rød-Larsen's wife, Mona Juul's house bugged] , "Nettavisen", January 20, 2004.
* [http://electronicintifada.net/cgi-bin/artman/exec/view.cgi/10/2906 Rød-Larsen at the UN] , July 13, 2004.
* [http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/english/doc/2005-03/18/content_426102.htm Rød-Larsen overseeing Syrian withdrawal from Lebanon] , March 17, 2005.
* [http://www.aftenposten.no/english/local/article318497.ece Foreign ministry to investigate money to Rød-Larsen] , April 24, 2002
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