Type State-owned company
Industry Aerospace and defense
Key people Semyon Lavochkin, designer
Products Spacecraft

NPO Lavochkin (OKB-301, also called Lavochkin Research and Production Association or shortly Lavochkin Association, LA) is a Russian aerospace company. It is a major player in the Russian space program, being the developer and manufacturer of the Fregat upper stage, as well as interplanetary probes such as Phobos Grunt. Currently it is headed by Victor Khartov.[1]



The company develops and manufactures spacecraft such as the Fregat and Ikar rocket upper stages, satellites and interplanetary probes. It is a contractor for a number of military programs, such as the Oko early warning satellite, Prognoz and Araks programmes as well as the civilian program Kupon. The company's most notable project at the moment is the Phobos Grunt sample return mission to Phobos, one of the moons of Mars.[1] NPO Lavochkin has also developed the Elektro–L series of new-generation weather satellites, as well as the Navigator standardised satellite platform, which will serve as the basis for several future Russian satellites.[2]


The company was founded in 1937 as the OKB-301 was a Soviet aircraft design bureau (OKB), now defunct. The head designer was Vladimir P. Gorbunov. On October, 1945 Semyon Lavochkin was promoted for the head designer of the design bureau. It gained distinction for its family of piston-engined fighter aircraft during World War II, and later shifted to missile and jet fighter designs. The bureau was reorganized in 1960 after its head designer's death and named after him as the NPO Lavochkin. Later, it turned to work on interplanetary probe designs for Luna sample return program, the Lunokhod program, Vega program, Phobos program etc.


Rockets and Missiles

Surface-to-Air Missiles


See also


  1. ^ a b Harvey, Brian (2007). "The design bureaus". The Rebirth of the Russian Space Program (1st ed.). Germany: Springer. ISBN 9780387713540. 
  2. ^ "Russia meteo satellite Electro-L successfully orbited". ITAR-TASS. 2011-01-21. 

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Lavochkin — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Semión Lavochkin, diseñador soviético, fundador de la oficina de diseño 301 que llevó su nombre. OKB 301, o OKB Lavochkin. (en ruso:Особое Конструкторское Бюро Oficina Especial de Estudios) OKB 301 S. A. Lavochkin.… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Lavochkin La-5 — La 5 Lavochkin La 5 de la Fuerza Aérea Soviética durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial. Tipo Avión de caza Fabricante …   Wikipedia Español

  • Lavochkin La-7 — La 7 Lavochkin La 7 expuesto en un museo. Tipo Avión de caza Fabricante …   Wikipedia Español

  • Lavochkin La-9 — La 9 Lavochkin La 9 conservado en condiciones de vuelo en la exhibición aérea Warbirds over Wanaka (Nueva Zelanda) en el año 2006. Tipo Avión de caza …   Wikipedia Español

  • Lavochkin La-11 — La 11 Tipo Avión de caza y escolta Fabricante Lavochkin …   Wikipedia Español

  • Lavochkin La-15 — La 15 Lavochkin La 15 expuesto en el Museo de Monino (Moscú, Rusia). Tipo Caza Fabricante …   Wikipedia Español

  • Lavochkin La-5 — infobox Aircraft name = La 5 type = fighter manufacturer = Lavochkin caption = designer = Semyon Lavochkin first flight = March 1942 introduced = July 1942 retired = status = primary user = Soviet Air Force more users = produced = number built =… …   Wikipedia

  • Lavochkin La-7 — Infobox Aircraft name =La 7 type =Fighter manufacturer =Lavochkin OKB caption = designer = first flight = introduced = retired = status = primary user =Soviet Air Force more users = produced = number built = 5,753 unit cost = developed from=… …   Wikipedia

  • Lavochkin La-9 — infobox Aircraft name = La 9 Fritz type = Fighter manufacturer = Lavochkin caption = designer = first flight = 1946 introduced = August 1946 retired = produced = 1946 1948 number built = 1,559 status = Out of service unit cost = primary user =… …   Wikipedia

  • Lavochkin La-17 — NOTOC Infobox Aircraft name=La 17 caption= type=Target drone national origin=Soviet Union manufacturer=Lavochkin designer= first flight=avyear|1953 introduced= retired= status= primary user=Soviet Air Force more users= produced= number built=… …   Wikipedia

Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»