Pančevo


Pančevo
Pančevo
Панчево
—  City  —
Church of the Assumption

Coat of arms
Location of the municipality of Pančevo within Serbia
Coordinates: 44°52′N 20°38′E / 44.867°N 20.633°E / 44.867; 20.633
Country Serbia
District South Banat
Settlements 10
Government
 – Mayor Vesna Martinović
Area[1]
 – Municipality 759 km2 (293.1 sq mi)
Population (2011 census)[2]
 – Town 77,087
 – Municipality 127,162
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 – Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 26000
Area code +381 13
Car plates PA
Website www.pancevo.rs
Map of Pančevo municipality

Pančevo (Serbian Cyrillic: Панчево, pronounced [pâːnt͡ʃe̞v̞ɔ̝]) is a city and municipality located in the southern part of Serbian province of Vojvodina, 15 km northeast from Belgrade. In 2002, the city had a total population of 77,087, while municipality of Pančevo had 127,162 inhabitants. It is the administrative center of the South Banat District of Serbia. Pančevo is also the most important port on the Tamiš river, which flows near the city.

Contents

Name

In Serbian, the town is known as Pančevo (Панчево), in Hungarian as Pancsova, in Turkish as Pançova, in German as Pantschowa, in Romanian as Panciova, in Slovak as Pánčevo, and in Rusyn as Панчево (Pančevo).

History

Early history

8th century BC ornitho-morphic fibulae was found in the town.[3]

The first historical record mentioning the town is from 1153 book of "Idrisia" when it was a mercantile harbour. The city was populated by Serbs and was administered by the Bulgarian Empire in the 9th and 11th century and later by the Kingdom of Hungary, until the 16th century, when it became part of the Ottoman Empire. During the Ottoman rule, the city was part of the Ottoman Province of Temeşvar and was a large settlement mostly populated by ethnic Serbs.

Habsburg Monarchy

After 1716, the city was under Habsburg rule, and was included into Habsburg military province named Banat of Temeswar. In 1751, the northern parts of the province were placed under civil administration, while the southern parts (including Pančevo) were included into Military Frontier (Banat Krajina). During this time the Habsburg administration encouraged massive immigration of German settlers to develop the land. Soon the town of Pančevo was divided into two municipalities: one Serb, one "German". According to the 1767 data, the population of the Serb municipality numbered 424 families, while the population of the German municipality numbered 132 families. According to the 1787 data, the population of the city was composed of 3,506 Orthodox Christians and 2,005 Roman Catholics. The city was briefly restored to Ottoman administration from 1787 to 1788. In 1794, Serb and German municipality were joined into one.

In 1848/1849, Pančevo was part of the Serbian Voivodship, a Serb autonomous region within Austrian Empire, but in 1849 it was returned under administration of the Military Frontier. In 1873, the Banatian Military Frontier was abolished and the city was included into Torontal county. According to the 1910 census, the population of the city was 20,808, of whom 8,714 spoke Serbian language, 7,467, German language, 3,364 Hungarian language, etc.

After 1918

In 1918, Pančevo (with the rest of western Banat) became part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (later renamed to Yugoslavia). According to the 1921 data, the population of the city was 19,362, of whom 9,422 were Serbs, 7,237 Germans, 887 Hungarians, etc. Between 1918 and 1922, the city was part of the Banat county, between 1922 and 1929 it was part of the Belgrade oblast, and between 1929 and 1941 it was part of the Belgrade city administration.

Between 1941 and 1944, Pančevo was under Axis occupation and was part of the autonomous Banat within German-occupied Serbia. Many local Danube Swabians were enlisted in the Waffen-SS after failing to volunteer in sufficient numbers.[citation needed] During the war, between 1941 and 1944, fascists killed about 12,000 people at the Small Marsh locality near Pančevo, including 6-7,000 Jews from Vojvodina, Serbia and Hungary.[4] Following the war, most Danube Swabians left from the city, together with occupational German army. Minority of them who remained in the city were expropriated of their private property and expelled; some men were murdered.[citation needed]

During 1999 the city was heavily bombed by NATO forces. Targets included an oil refinery, the Utva aircraft factory and chemical plants.

Inhabited places

The Pančevo municipality includes the city of Pančevo and the following villages:

City quarters

  • Centar, Pančevo
  • Donji Grad, Pančevo
  • Gornji Grad, Pančevo
  • Karaula, Pančevo
  • Kotež 1, Pančevo
  • Kotež 2, Pančevo
  • Kudeljarski Nasip, Pančevo
  • Margita, Pančevo
  • Misa Vinogradi, Pančevo
  • Mladost, Pančevo
  • Mali London, Pančevo
  • Pepeljara, Pančevo
  • Sodara, Pančevo
  • Solara, Pančevo
  • Strelište, Pančevo
  • Utvina Kolonija, Pančevo
  • Tesla, Pančevo
  • Topola, Pančevo
  • Vojlovica, Pančevo

Demographics

Population and major ethnic groups in the town

Year Total Serbs Germans Yugoslavs Hungarians Slovaks Macedonians Croats Romanians Rest
1910 20,808 41.88% 35.89% 0.0% 16.17% 1.17% 0.0% 0.65% - 4.24%
1921 - 48%(*) 37% - 8% - - (*) 7% -
1991 72,793 72.57% N.D 8.75% 5.56% 2.20% 2.40% 1.35% - 5.29%
2002 77,087 79.08% N.D 2.35% 4.25% 1.82% 1.55% 0.92% - 9.00%

(*) In 1921, Serbs and Croats were counted together.

Population and major ethnic groups in the municipality

Year Population Serbs Germans Romanians Hungarians Slovaks Macedonians Yugoslavs Croats Roma Rest
1910. 62,491 31.0% 36.72% 15.77% 10.30% 2.05% 0.0% 0.0% 2.2% 0.53% 1.43%
1931. 63,158 36.15% 38.50% N.D 7.37% N.D 0.0% 0.0% N.D N.D 17.96%
1961. 93,744 64.40% N.D 7.71% 8.17% 2.30 N.D N.D 2.99% 0.22% 14.21%
1991. 125,261 68.92% 0.24% 4.03% 4.02% 1.39% N.D N.D 1.35% 0.79% 19.26%
2002. 127,162 76.38% 0.18% 3.19% 3.17% 1.24% 4.14% 2.35% 0.92% 1.09% 7.34%

Most of the settlements in the municipality have an ethnic Serb majority. Ethnically mixed settlement with relative Hungarian majority is Ivanovo. There is also a growing Chinese community in northern parts of Pančevo.

Culture

Pančevo has one of the oldest monasteries in this region. Currently it is situated inside of Oil refinery (See Vojlovica monastery article).

City has many cultural events. One of them is ArtTech, international festival of digital arts.

Economy

Pančevo has a strong industrial background with the petrochemical, fertilizer, machinery, and aircraft industries (See: Lola Utva aircraft factory). It has a single oil refinery.

Gallery

Twin cities

Famous citizens

  • Pančevo is the birth place of Georg Weifert (Đorđe Vajfert).

See also

References

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pančevo — Панчево Héraldique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pancevo — Pančevo Pančevo Панчево [[Image:|100px|center|Drapaeau]] …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pančevo — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Панчево …   Wikipedia Español

  • Pancevo — Pancevo, Stadt, s. Pancsova …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Pančevo —   [ paːntʃɛvɔ], deutsch Pạntschowa, ungarisch Pancsova [ pɔntʃovɔ], Stadt in der Provinz Wojwodina, in Serbien, Jugoslawien, 73 m über dem Meeresspiegel, an der Mündung der Temesch in die Donau, 72 800 Einw …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Pančevo — Панчево Pančevo Pancsova Panciova …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pancevo — Панчево Pančevo Pancsova Panciova …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pancevo — Original name in latin Panevo Name in other language Banstadt, Hertelendyfalva, Marienfeld, Pancevas, Pancevo, Panchevo, Panciova, Pancsal, Pancsaly, Pancsova, Pantschowa, Panevo, Panevas, Panevo, QBG, Vojlovica, Wojlowitz, Wojlowitza, pan qie wo …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Pančevo — Sp Pánčevas Ap Панчево/Pančevo L Serbija …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Pančevo — ► C. de Serbia, región autónoma de Voivodina, a orillas del Danubio; 70 300 h …   Enciclopedia Universal


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