Bodoni


Bodoni

Infobox font
name = Bodoni


style = Serif
classifications = Vox-ATypI: Didone British: Didone Bringhurstian: Romantic
date = 1798
creator = Giambattista Bodoni
variations = Berthold Bodoni Antiqua LTC Bodoni 175 Linotype Bodoni Bauer Bodoni Filosofia
shown_here = ITC Bodoni Seventy Two

Bodoni is the name given to a series of serif typefaces first designed by Giambattista Bodoni (1740–1813) in 1798. The typeface is classified as didone modern. Bodoni followed the ideas of John Baskerville, as found in the printing type Baskerville, that of increased stroke contrast and a more vertical, slightly condensed, upper case, but taking them to a more extreme conclusion. Bodoni's typeface has a narrower underlying structure with flat, unbracketed serifs. The face has extreme contrast between thick and thin strokes, and an overall geometric construction.

Bodoni admired the work of John Baskerville and studied in detail the designs of French type founders Pierre Simon Fournier and Firmin Didot. Although he drew inspiration from the work of these designers,Fact|date=January 2008 above all from Didot, no doubt Bodoni found his own style for his typefaces, which deservedly gained worldwide acceptance among printers.

Many digital versions of Bodoni suffer from a particular kind of legibility degradation known as "dazzle" caused by the alternating thick and thin strokes, particularly from the thin strokes being very thin at small point sizes. In "Typographic Design: Form & Communication", the authors describe Bodoni’s uppercase R as a "dazzling contrast and vigorous proportions of modern-style typography. The thick-and-thin scotch rules echo and complement the thick-and-thin stroke weights."

Revivals and variants

There have been many revivals of the Bodoni typeface; ATF Bodoni and Bauer Bodoni are two of the more successful. ATF Bodoni was drawn by Morris Fuller Benton in 1907, and released by American Type Founders. The Bauer version was drawn by Henrich Jost in 1926. The Bauer version emphasizes the extreme contrast between hairline and main stroke. ATF captured the flavor of Bodoni’s original while emphasizing legibility rather than trying to push against the limits of printing technology. Other revivals include Bodoni Antiqua, Bodoni Old Face, ITC Bodoni Seventy Two, ITC Bodoni Six, ITC Bodoni Twelve, Bodoni MT, LTC Bodoni 175, WTC Our Bodoni, Bodoni EF, Bodoni Classico, TS Bodoni, and Filosofia by Zuzana Licko. Jess Brightley loves Jason Farrar x

Digital Bodoni types

Digital Bodonis typically suffer from a particular kind of legibility degradation. Personal computers generate different sizes of type from a single font of type outlines using mathematical scaling, while printers working with metal type use fonts whose designs have been subtly adjusted to provide optical compensation for improved legibility at specific sizes—for example, opening up counters and expanding the character widths at small sizes. Typefaces like Bodoni tend to highlight these differences of technological application. Many digital revivals are based on designs adjusted for relatively large sizes, making the already thin hairlines very thin when scaled down. Some digital type designers are rediscovering the older lore of "optical scaling", and subsequently turning out more sensible revivals aimed at pleasing human eyes. Zuzana Licko's Filosofia has none of the problems of dazzle, and meets the test of text reversal even in smaller point sizes.Fact|date=January 2008

Poster Bodoni

It is a variant designed for posters, designed by Chauncey H. Griffith.

Applications

Bodoni has been used for a wide variety of material, ranging from eighteenth century Italian books to 1960's periodicals.Fact|date=August 2008

Poster Bodoni is used in Mamma Mia! posters. [ [http://www.linotype.com/1508/posterssignpostingcalendars.html Posters, Signposting & Calendars] ]

References

* Carter, Rob, Ben Day, and Philip Meggs. "Typographic Design: Form and Communication." John Wiley & Sons, Inc: 1993. ISBN 0-471-28430-0.
* Dodd, Robin. "From Gutenberg to Opentype." Hartley & Marks Publishers, Inc.: 2006. ISBN 0-88179-210-1.
* Friedl, Friedrich, Nicholas Ott, and Bernard Ott. "Typography: an Encyclopedia Survey of Type Design and Techniques Throughout History." Black Dog & Leventhal Publishers, Inc: 1998. ISBN 1579120237 .
* Frey, David. "X-Height" FontHaus’ Online Magazine. DsgnHaus, Inc. 2006.
*Lawson, Alexander S., "Anatomy of a Typeface". Godine: 1990. ISBN 978-0879233334.
* Nesbitt, Alexander "The History and Technique of Lettering" Dover Publications: 1975. ISBN 0-486-20427-8

External links

* [http://www.fonthaus.com/xheight/bodoni.cfm Review of various Bodoni fonts]
* [http://www.linotype.com/1363/bodoniposter-family.html Bodoni Poster Font Family - by Chauncey H. Griffith]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • BODONI (G.) — BODONI GIAMBATTISTA (1740 1813) Petit fils et fils d’imprimeurs piémontais, Bodoni quitte Saluces, sa ville natale, en 1758 pour Rome, où il espère trouver une situation digne de son talent, ainsi que la protection de son oncle l’abbé Bodoni.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • bodoni — BODÓNI s.n. invar. Caracter de literă cu contrast mare între liniile de bază şi liniile secundare, cu picioruşele subţiri şi scurte. – Din germ. Bodoni. Trimis de valeriu, 21.03.2003. Sursa: DEX 98  bodóni s. n. invar. (sil. ni) Trimis de siveco …   Dicționar Român

  • Bodoni — книжная гарнитура антиква, разработанная итальянским шрифтовиком Дж. Бодони. Характерные особенности высокая контрастность (различия в толщине между вертикальными и горизонтальными штрихами). Засечки (серифы) отличаются не только малой толщиной,… …   Википедия

  • Bodoni — ist der Name von Giambattista Bodoni (1740–1813), italienischer Stempelschneider (Graveur), Buchdrucker, Typograf und Verleger und bezeichnet die von ihm geschaffene Schriftart Bodoni (Schriftart) Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bodoni 27 — (Рим,Италия) Категория отеля: Адрес: Different locations in Rome city centre, Джаниколенс …   Каталог отелей

  • Bodoni — Bodoni,   Giambattista, italienischer Buchdrucker und Stempelschneider, * Saluzzo 16. 2. 1740, ✝ Parma 29. 11. 1813; leitete seit 1768 die herzogliche Druckerei zu Parma, seit 1791 auch eine Privatdruckerei. Er schnitt selbst zahlreiche Schriften …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Bodoni — 1880, typeface based on that used by celebrated Italian printer Giambattista Bodoni (1740 1813) of Parma. The modern type of this name is a composite of his many forms …   Etymology dictionary

  • Bodoni — [bə dō′nē] n. a style of type designed by the Italian printer Giambattista Bodoni (1740 1813) …   English World dictionary

  • Bodōni — Bodōni, Giambattista, geb. 1740 in Saluzzo, wurde Buchdrucker u. legte 1766 die königliche Druckerei in Parma an, aus welcher die prachtvollsten Werke, wie Homer, Virgil, Horaz, Dante u. m. a. griechische, römische, italienische u. französische… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Bodōni — Bodōni, Giambattista, der vorzüglichste ital. Buchdrucker des 18. Jahrh., geb. 16. Febr. 1740 zu Saluzzo in Piemont, gest. 20. (29.) Nov. 1813, trat 1758 als Setzer in die Druckerei der Propaganda in Rom, machte sich mit den orientalischen… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bodoni — Bodōni, Giambattista, geb. 16. Febr. 1740 zu Saluzzo, Stempelschneider und Buchdrucker zu Parma, gest. 29. Nov. 1813 zu Padua; prachtvolle Klassikerausgaben. – Vgl. Bernardi (1873) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon


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