1-Click


1-Click

1-Click, also called one-click or one-click buying, is the technique of allowing customers to make online purchases with a single click, with the payment information needed to complete the purchase already entered by the user previously. More particularly, it allows an online shopper using an internet marketplace to purchase an item without having to use shopping cart software. Instead of manually inputting billing and shipping information for a purchase, a user can use one-click buying to use a predefined address and credit card number to purchase one or more items.

Contents

Patent

The United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) issued US 5960411  for this technique to Amazon.com in September 1999.

On May 12, 2006, the USPTO ordered a reexamination[1] of the "One-Click" patent, based on a request filed by Peter Calveley.[2] Calveley cited as prior art an earlier e-commerce patent and the Digicash electronic cash system.

On October 9, 2007, the USPTO issued an office action in the reexamination which confirmed the patentability of claims 6 to 10 of the patent.[3] The patent examiner, however, rejected claims 1 to 5 and 11 to 26. In November 2007, Amazon responded by amending the broadest claims (1 and 11) to restrict them to a shopping cart model of commerce. They have also submitted several hundred references for the examiner to consider.[4] In March 2010, the revised patent was confirmed.[5][6][7]

In Europe, a patent application on the 1-Click ordering was filed with the European Patent Office, but was never granted.[8]

In Canada, the Federal Court of Canada held that the One click patent could not be rejected as a pure business method since it had a physical effect. The Court remanded the application to the Canadian patent office for a reexamination.[9]

Licensing

Apple Inc.

Amazon.com in 2000 licensed 1-Click ordering to Apple Computer (now Apple Inc.) for use on its online store.[10] Apple subsequently added 1-Click ordering to the iTunes Store[11] and iPhoto.[12]

Barnes & Noble

Amazon filed a patent infringement lawsuit in October 1999 in response to Barnes & Noble offering a 1-Click ordering option called "Express Lane." After reviewing the evidence, a judge issued a preliminary injunction ordering Barnes & Noble to stop offering Express Lane until the case was settled.[13] Barnes & Noble had developed a way to design around the patent by requiring shoppers to make a second click to confirm their purchase.[14][15] The lawsuit was settled in 2002. The terms of the settlement, including whether or not Barnes & Noble took a license to the patent or paid any money to Amazon, were not disclosed.[16]

In response to the lawsuit, the Free Software Foundation urged a boycott of Amazon.com. The boycott was lifted in September 2002.[17]

References

  1. ^ Hutcheon, Stephen (2006-05-23). "Kiwi actor v Amazon.com". Sydney Morning Herald. http://www.smh.com.au/news/technology/kiwi-actor-v-amazoncom/2006/05/23/1148150224714.html. Retrieved 2008-11-19. 
  2. ^ "IGDMLGD Blog". Archived from the original on 2007-06-22. http://igdmlgd.blogspot.com. Retrieved 2008-11-19. 
  3. ^ "Examiner Office Action dated Oct 9, 2007 for reexamination serial number 90/007,946". USPTO. Archived from the original on 2007-06-22. http://portal.uspto.gov/external/portal/pair. Retrieved 2008-11-19. 
  4. ^ "Amazon surrenders on One-Click shopping monopoly". Out-law.com. 2007-11-23. http://www.out-law.com/page-8659. Retrieved 2008-11-19. 
  5. ^ "Tech Flash". http://www.techflash.com/seattle/2010/03/amazons_1-click_patent_confirmed_following_re-exam.html. Retrieved 2010-04-13. 
  6. ^ "IGDMLGD Blog". Archived from the original on 2007-06-22. http://igdmlgd.blogspot.com. Retrieved 2010-04-13. 
  7. ^ "Electronista". http://www.electronista.com/articles/10/03/10/amazon.1.click.patent.confirmed.after.four.years/. Retrieved 2010-04-13. 
  8. ^ "EPO revokes Amazon’s "Gift Ordering" patent after opposition hearing". European Patent Office. 2007-12-07. Archived from the original on June 4, 2009. http://web.archive.org/web/20090604043421/http://www.epo.org/topics/news/2007/20071207.html. Retrieved 2009-05-13. 
  9. ^ Amazon.com, Inc. and The Attorney General of Canada and The Commissioner of Patents, 2010 FC 1011, October 14, 2010
  10. ^ Wolverton, Troy (2000-09-18). "Apple licenses Amazon's 1-Click". CNET News.com. http://news.com.com/2100-1017-245879.html. Retrieved 2008-11-19. 
  11. ^ "iTunes Store Terms of Sale". Apple Inc.. http://www.apple.com/legal/itunes/us/sales.html. Retrieved 2008-11-19. 
  12. ^ "iPhoto 6.0 Help: Turning 1-Click ordering on and off". Apple Inc.. Archived from the original on 2007-06-22. http://docs.info.apple.com/article.html?path=iPhoto/6.0/en/oc2rem.html. Retrieved 2008-11-19. 
  13. ^ "Troy Wolverton, "Amazon, Barnes&Noble settle patent suit", CNET, March 6, 2002". Archived from the original on 2009-04-25. http://news.cnet.com/2100-1017-854105.html. Retrieved 2009-04-20. 
  14. ^ [Claim 1 of the patent is limited to orders being placed "in response to only a single action being performed"
  15. ^ Tim O'Reilly blog interview with Jeff Bezos, March 2, 2000
  16. ^ Wolverton, Troy (March 6, 2002). "Amazon, Barnes&Noble settle patent suit". CNET News.com. http://news.com.com/2100-1017-854105.html. Retrieved 2008-11-19. 
  17. ^ "(Formerly) Boycott Amazon!". GNU Project. http://www.gnu.org/philosophy/amazon.html. Retrieved 2008-11-19. 

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Click fraud — is a type of Internet crime that occurs in pay per click online advertising when a person, automated script or computer program imitates a legitimate user of a web browser clicking on an ad, for the purpose of generating a charge per click… …   Wikipedia

  • Click.to — ist eine auf dem Copy Paste Prinzip basierende Desktop Anwendung des Unternehmens Axonic Informationssysteme aus Karlsruhe. Es identifiziert den in der Zwischenablage gespeicherten Inhalt und bietet dem Anwender passende Programmfunktionen bzw.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Click chemistry — is a chemical philosophy introduced by K. Barry Sharpless of The Scripps Research Institute, in 2001[1][2] and describes chemistry tailored to generate substances quickly and reliably by joining small units together. This is inspired by the fact… …   Wikipedia

  • Click and Clack's As the Wrench Turns — Genre Animated Sitcom Created by Howard Grossman Doug Berman Written by …   Wikipedia

  • Click Asia Summit — Type Digital Marketing Conference Industry Online Marketing Mobile Marketing Social Media Marketing Headquarters …   Wikipedia

  • Click-to-call — Click to call, also known as click to talk, click to chat and click to text, is a form of Web based communication in which a person clicks an object (e.g., button, image or text) to request an immediate connection with another person in real time …   Wikipedia

  • Click beetle — Click beetles Click beetle adults and larvae (wireworms) Left: Wheat Wireworm (Agriotes mancus) Right: Sand Wireworm (Horistonotus uhlerii) Scientific classification Kingdom …   Wikipedia

  • Click Click Snap —   Author(s) Sean McGowan C …   Wikipedia

  • Click-to-Dial — Click to call (CTC) ist ein Verfahren welches das einleiten eines Telefongespräches direkt aus einer Website heraus ermöglicht. In Webseiten eingebettet CTC Links (z.B. [tel:08154711], Click to Dial) sind dazu als Hyperlink ausgeführt, eine… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Click Commerce — Click Commerce, Inc. Industry Business software Founded Chicago, Illinois (1996) Headquarters Hillsboro, Oregon …   Wikipedia

  • Click Click Boom — Single by Saliva from the album Every Six Seconds Released 2001 (USA) …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.