- Jive Records
infobox record label
Jive Records logo used 1991–present
Sony Music Entertainment
founded = November 1977
Zomba Label Groupflagicon|USA Sony Music Entertainment
genre = Pop, dance, rock, hip hop, R&B
New York City, NY
country = UK
signed artists =
Britney Spears, selling over 75 million. Backstreet Bousand N Sync
url = [http://www.jiverecords.com/ Official Web Site of Jive Records]
Jive Records is a British record label based in
New York City, owned by Sony Music Entertainment, and operates as a quarter of the Zomba Label Group.
Jive Records was formed by
Clive Calderin 1977 in London, on Willesden Street, which was became the label's publishing company—and was launched in the United States as a branch of the Zomba Recording Corporation in 1981. The word "jive" was inspired by Township Jive, a form of South Africanmusic and dance. Upon initial launch, early US distribution was by Arista Recordsuntil 1987. Following the creation of BMG the same year after its purchase of RCA Records and its distribution company, distribution of Jive switched to RCA Records. Early signings to Jive included Whodini, Tight Fit, A Flock of Seagulls, Billy Ocean, and Samantha Fox.
Free from the authority of Arista head
Clive Davis(who at the time was known to be opposed to hip-hop music), as the 1980s drew to a close, Jive went on to sign a plethora of hip-hop acts, including controversial emcees Too $hortand Schoolly D. By the early-mid 1990s, Jive had become a premiere label in the world of hip-hop, thanks to the success of acts like Whodini, DJ Jazzy Jeff & The Fresh Prince, E-40, A Tribe Called Quest, KRS-One, and R&B acts such as Aaliyah, Kim Fields, and R. Kelly. Jive tried to ride the coat tails of the spectrum of urban-oriented music in the United States by venturing into house musicwith several compilations and by signing artists such as Liz Torresand Mr. Leeduring the late 1980s and early 1990s.
Jive's distribution deal with RCA expired in 1991, at which time BMG purchased a large minority stake in the label and switched to BMG Distribution proper. The same year, Barry Weiss became CEO and president of Jive Records.
By the mid-late 1990s, despite its reputation for dealing heavily in hip-hop, Jive signed fledgling pop acts
Backstreet Boys, *NSYNC, and Britney Spears—all of whom achieved massive success as the 2000s dawned, and would become the three best-selling acts in the label's history. [ [http://www.thedeadbolt.com/news/111711/britneysotherson.php] [http://www.themoneytimes.com/articles/20060819/britney_s_second_pregnancy_an_accident-id-101198.html] ] Britney Spearshas sold over 85 million albums worldwide. The Backstreet Boyssold over 100 million albums worldwide, [ [http://www.beat.com.au/review.php?id=113 (BEAT) : Backstreet Boys live at Rod Laver Arena ] ] and NSYNCsold over 50 million.
From 1991 through 2002, Jive operated as an independently managed label, with distribution of its releases handled by BMG directly. Zomba also had several other labels under its aegis under the same deal.
In 2002, Bertelsmann Music Group acquired the remainder of Zomba for US$3 billion, which was at the time the largest-ever acquisition of an independent label with major-label distribution. The company was reconfigured and renamed
Zomba Label Group, under which Jive continues to operate. In 2004, Sony Music and BMG created a 50-50 joint venture called Sony BMG Music Entertainment, of which the Zomba Label Group is one of its divisions.
On October 2, 2008, Sony had completed the acquisition of Bertelsmann's 50% stake in the Sony BMG joint venture, and Sony BMG will be re-branded into Sony Music Entertainment.
List of current Jive Records artists
List of former Jive Records artists
Jive Records discography
* [http://www.zombalabelsgroup.com/ Zomba Label Group]
* [http://www.sonybmg.com Sony BMG Music Entertainment]
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