Myelitis


Myelitis
Myelitis
Classification and external resources
ICD-10 G04-G05
ICD-9 323
DiseasesDB 29461
MeSH D009187

Myelitis is a disease involving inflammation of the spinal cord,[1] which disrupts central nervous system functions linking the brain and limbs. The name is derived from Greek myelós referring to the "spinal cord", and the suffix -itis, which denotes inflammation.[2]

Contents

Symptoms and signs

Symptoms vary by region of the CNS affected, and include fever, headaches, tingling, pain or loss of feeling, and may extend to central or peripheral paresis and loss of bladder control. Meningeal signs may develop.

Causes

  • Infectious mononucleosis can rarely cause transverse myelitis[3]
  • Poliovirus is the cause of poliomyelitis, which, prior to widespread vaccination, was a very common cause of pediatric myelitis.
  • Cases of Measles myelitis has been described, with at least 1 case of transverse myelitis secondary to measles.[4][5]
  • Herpes simplex, epstein barr virus, cytomegalovirus, and mycoplasma have been suspected as the eitologic agents of acute disseminated encephalomyelitis.[6]
  • Retroviruses such as MLVs/HGRVs (Murine leukemia viruses/Human gammaretroviruses) and Chronic fatigue syndrome-associated virus (aka deFreitas Retrovirus) as well as enteroviruses have been suspected of being causes of Myalgic encephalomyelits aka Chronic fatigue syndrome.

Types

Prognosis

Untreated myelitis may rapidly lead to a permanently damaged spinal cord.

See also

References

  1. ^ "myelitis" at Dorland's Medical Dictionary
  2. ^ Chamberlin SL, Narins B (eds.) (2005). The Gale Encyclopedia of Neurological Disorders. Detroit: Thomson Gale. pp. 1859–70. ISBN 0-7876-9150-X. 
  3. ^ Pediatric Mononucleosis and Epstein-Barr Virus Infection~followup at eMedicine
  4. ^ Taylor HB (October 1952). "Measles myelitis: report of a case and a review of diagnostic and therapeutic factors in measles encephalomyelitis". Calif Med 77 (4): 268–9. PMC 1521443. PMID 13009472. http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=1521443. 
  5. ^ Ayumi Endo, Tatsuo Fuchigami, Yuki Imai, Wakako Ishii, et al. (2009). "A case of acute transverse myelitis due to measles virus". Journal of Pediatric Infectious Diseases 4 (4): 405–8. doi:10.3233/JPI-2009-0193. http://iospress.metapress.com/content/r06k262v7v5l4m15/. 
  6. ^ Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis at eMedicine

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Myelitis — My e*li tis, n. [NL., from Gr. myelo s marrow + itis.] (Med.) 1. Inflammation of the spinal marrow or its membranes. [1913 Webster] 3. Inflammation of bone marrow. [PJC] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Myelītis — (griech.), Rückenmarksentzündung; disseminierte M., soviel wie multiple Sklerose (s. Rückenmarkskrankheiten) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Myelitis — Myelītis (grch.), Rückenmarksentzündung; Myelosklerōse, Verhärtung des Rückenmarks; Myelomalazīe, Erweichung des Rückenmarks; Myelomeningītis, Entzündung der Rückenmarkshäute …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • myelitis — [mī΄ə līt′is] n. [ModL: see MYELO & ITIS] inflammation of the spinal cord or the bone marrow …   English World dictionary

  • Myelitis — Als Myelitis (von griech. myelon: Mark) wird eine Entzündung des Rückenmarks oder des Knochenmarks (siehe Osteomyelitis) bezeichnet. Das Rückenmark kann dabei diffus über den gesamten Rückenmarksquerschnitt (Querschnittmyelitis) oder herdförmig… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Myelitis — My|e|li|tis 〈f.; , ti|den; Med.〉 Rückenmarkentzündung [zu grch. myelos „Rückenmark“] * * * My|e|li|tis, die; , …itiden [zu griech. myelós ↑ (myelo , Myelo ) u. ↑ itis] (Med.) …   Universal-Lexikon

  • myelitis — 1. Inflammation of the spinal cord. 2. Inflammation of the bone marrow. [myel + G. itis, inflammation] acute necrotizing m. a spinal cord disorder, probably a demyelinating …   Medical dictionary

  • myelitis — n. 1) an inflammatory disease of the spinal cord. The most usual kind (transverse myelitis) most often occurs during the development of multiple sclerosis, but it is sometimes a manifestation of encephalomyelitis, when it can occur as an isolated …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • myelitis — noun (plural myelitides) Etymology: New Latin Date: 1835 inflammation of the spinal cord or of the bone marrow …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • myelitis — /muy euh luy tis/, n. Pathol. 1. inflammation of the substance of the spinal cord. 2. inflammation of the bone marrow. [1825 35; MYEL + ITIS] * * * …   Universalium


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