- Federal Council of Austria
The Federal Council of Austria or Bundesrat is one of the two chambers of the
Parliament of Austria.
The 62 members of the Federal Council are elected by each of the legislatures of the
states of Austriafor 4- to 6-year terms. The composition of the Bundesrat changes after every election to a state's " Landtag". [For the current composition see: cite web|url=http://www.parlament.gv.at/EN/AP/BR/ZS/ZSBRInhalt_Portal.shtml|title=Composition of the Federal Council|publisher=Website of the Austrian Parliament|accessdate=2008-04-24]
Austrian constitutionprovides the Bundesrat with the right to vetolegislation passed by the National Council. However, in most cases the Federal Council only has a suspensive veto, meaning the National Council can override it by passing the law again. Therefore, the decisions of the Bundesrat can only delay legislation.cite web|url=http://www.parlament.gv.at/EN/AP/BR/AUFGG/BRAUFGG-E_Portal.shtml|title=The Federal Council – Responsibilities and Legal Principles|publisher=Website of the Austrian Parliament|accessdate=2008-04-24] In the following cases, though, the Federal Council's approval is mandatory:
* Constitutional laws or regulations limiting the competencies of the federal states
* Laws relating to the rights of the Federal Council itself
* Treaties concerning the jurisdiction of the federal states
The Federal Council and the National Council, if in joint session, form a third parliamentary body: Federal Assembly.
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